The First Week of War: April 15th Telegrams – Part Two

News continued to pour in from all over the Union and newspapers were issuing multiple editions every day just to keep up with all the reports.

As April 15th progressed, the telegraph offices were working overtime to transcribe the news coming over the lines.

April 15th Telegrams – Part Two

Washington — April 15

John C. Baum is appointed Postmaster at Cincinnati. The War Department has accepted the Governor of Rhode Island’s offer of a regiment to be sent to Washington without delay.

Richmond, Virginia — April 15

Lincolns proclamation was received with execrations.  The public is fearfully excited and say the military would sooner die than obey it’s requirements.

Cincinnati, Ohio — April 15

Market for uncurrent money greatly unsettled; dealers not disposed to buy.  Virginia, Tennessee, Illinois, Missouri, and Iowa are 10 cents discount; New Orleans 5, Maryland 2. American gold selling at 5 percent premium – Exchange on the East 1 percent premium.

Richmond, Virginia — April 15

The Commissioners presented Lincoln’s reply to the convention.  Several Unionists said of the President means to subjugate the South there was but one course for Virginia to pursue.  Opinion is divided whether to secede now or wait and operate with the border states.  All feel that the crisis has arrived.Friends of Gov. Letcher say he will refuse to entertain the President’s proclamation.  The general opinion is that Lincoln having repudiated Virginia’s efforts for peaceful solution, she must aid in defending the South.

Albany, New York — April 15

Gov. Morgan sent a message to the Legislature on the President’s proclamation.  He earnestly urges the Legislature, without delay, to confer the power to embody and equip the militia for public defense.

Washington — April 15

Geo. N. Sanders has telegraphed the following dispatch to Dean Richmond, August Belmont, Mayor Wood, and others:  ”one hundred thousand mercenary soldiers cannot occupy and hold Pensacola.  The entire South are under arms;  the negroes are strengthening the military — the place will be quickly conquered.  Northern Democrats standing with the Southern people will not be held responsible for Lincoln’s acts.  State sovereignty is fully recognized.  Protect your social and moral ties by resisting Black Republican federal aggression. Pennsylvania, by her Legislature, should repudiate the war action.  The commerce of Rhode Island and New Jersey is safe when distinguishable.  Hoist your flag.”

[Signed.]  GEORGE N. SANDERS

Louisville, Kentucky — April 15

Recent news has considerably paralyzed the people, and they have not yet recovered from its effect.  Companies are enlisting for the Southern Confederacy.  It is rumored that several start to-morrow.  The citizens generally deplore the positions of Lincoln’s proclamation.

Washington — April 15

When Maj. Anderson’s quarters were burning, Gen. Beauregard sent offers of assistance before the white flag was run up.  Senator Wigfall received the sword of Maj. Anderson and returned it to him.  The fleet is off Charleston.

Montgomery, Alabama — April 15

Jeff Davis’s answer to President Lincoln’s proclamation is rough and curt.  It is as follows: “Fort Sumter is ours and nobody is hurt’ with mortar, Paixhan, or Petard.  We tender to old Abe our Beauregard.

New York, New York — April 15

The Times’ Washington correspondent says the War Department is engaged in calculating the quota of troops in each State.  New York will be entitled to ten regiments.

No detailed policy relative to the closing of Southern ports is yet settled, but arrangements are making to cut off all communication by sea.

Scott is yet secretly  at work calculating the disposition of the forces.

The Administration has reliable information that the Confederate States propose, after reducing Sumter, to march on Washington with 20,000 men.

Several additional companies of Regulars are ordered to Washington.

The Express’ Washington dispatch gives a rumor that Gen. Scott has resigned because his advices against reinforcing Sumter were disregarded.  The World’s Washington dispatch says detachments of cavalry are stationed on all roads outside the Capitol, and two volunteer companies are in the Capitol–one at the P.O.Department, and one at the Patent office.

Two officers of N.Y. regiments have tendered their commands.  The present indications are that Sumter will be retaken at all hazards.

The N.N.Herald’s special dispatch from Charleston says Anderson saluted his flag, formed his command on parade ground, and marched out on the wharf–the drum and fife playing Yankee Doodle.

Fort Sumter was burned to a mere shell. The guns on one side of the parapet are entirely dismounted and the gun carriages are knocked to splinters.

Anderson is reported to have ordered not to sight at the men but to silence the batteries.

Sumter has been garrisoned by the Palmetto Guards, under command of Col. Riply.

The fire has again broken out int he ruins of the Fort and engines have been sent down.

Charleston Harbor

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania — April 15

There is still much excitement about the Palmetto Flag office.  The whole square is blocked up with people.  The  Mayor and police have possession of the building.  A large American flag is suspended across the street.  Some damage has been done to the interior of the office by the mob.


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