A Timeline of Old Saint Augustine

We are expanding our American County Histories Collection. The initial addition, The Southeast, will complement the New England and The Mid-Atlantic regional collections. Included states are Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Future plans call for additional coverage of states within the Southwest, Central and West regions.

This entry is from one of our newest additions, Old Saint Augustine, A Story of Three Centuries by Charles B. Reynolds of St. Augustine, Florida, Copyright 1884.

From the Front Matter

Unstable as the ever shifting sands of its harbor bar have been the changing fortunes of St. Augustine. To tell the story, briefly, clearly and with accuracy of historical detail, is the endeavor in the following chapters.

Some of the illustrations are from drawings by old-time artists, who were actors here in the scenes of long ago. Some have been printed on the camera by the sunlight of to-day; they are new pictures, but of such things as are old—the massive walls of a decaying fortress, the pillars of a crumbling gateway, an ancient cathedral, a more ancient palm tree. All are memorials which speak of the past, for this is our theme.

The purpose of the book will be attained, if with its aid the reader shall see the St. Augustine of the present tinged and illumined with the light of its past.

-Charles B. Reynolds
St. Augustine, Florida.

Early Saint Augustine

Early Saint Augustine

A Timeline of Old Saint Augustine

An Appendix includes this timeline of Saint Augustine’s history.

  • 1512 — Spanish Expedition, Ponce de Leon.
  • 1528 — Disastrous Spanish Expedition, Pamphilo de Narvaez.
  • 1539 — Disastrous Spanish Expedition, Ferdinand de Soto.
  • 1562 — French Protestants, under Ribault, come to Florida. From River of May sail north. Establish Charles-Fort at Port Royal Inlet.
  • 1563 — Charles-Fort abandoned.
  • 1564 — Second Company of French Protestants, under Laudonnière, come to Seloy. Establish Fort Caroline on the River of May.
  • 1565 — Ribault arrives with reinforcements for Fort Caroline. Menendez founds San Augustin. Fort Caroline taken. The shipwrecked Frenchmen massacred.
  • 1568 — De Gourgues destroys the Spanish forts.
  • 1586 — Drake sacks San Augustin.
  • 1597 — Massacre of Franciscans.
  • 1665 — Davis sacks San Augustin.
  • 1702 — Siege by Moore, of Carolina.
  • 1740 — Siege by Oglethorpe, of Georgia.
  • 1742 — Expedition against Georgia.
  • 1763 — Florida ceded to Great Britain.
  • 1769 — Minorcans arrive at New Smyrna.
  • 1775 — Minorcans come to St. Augustine.
  • 1783 — Florida retroceded to Spain.
  • 1821 — Florida ceded to United States.
  • 1835 — Seminole War begun.
  • 1842 — Seminole War ended.
  • 1845 — Florida admitted to the Union.

St. Augustine is the oldest town on the continent, north of Mexico. The date of its establishment (1565) was 17 years earlier than the Spaniards settled Santa Fé in New Mexico (1582), 20 years earlier than Raleigh’s unsuccessful settlement at Roanoke Island (1585), 40 years earlier than the French in Nova Scotia (1605), 42 earlier than the London Company at Jamestown (1607), 43 years earlier than Champlain at Quebec (1608), 49 years earlier than the Dutch at New Amsterdam (1614), and 55 years earlier than the Puritans at Plymouth Rock (1620).

All images included in blog posts are from either Accessible Archives collections or out of copyright public sources unless otherwise noted. Common sources include the Library of Congress, The Flickr Commons, Wikimedia Commons, and other public archives.

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