A Look Inside I. W. Avery’s History of Georgia 1850-1881

The History Of The State Of Georgia From 1850 To 1881, Embracing The Three Important Epochs: The Decade Before The War Of 1861-5; The War; The Period Of By I. W. Avery With Portraits Of The Leading Public Men Of This Era. Complete In One Volume is one of the newest additions to our databases.

This book is in our American County Histories collection in the new Southeastern Counties section with many other books on Georgia’s history.  This title is of special interest now during the Civil War Sesquicentennial because it provides a detailed look at the years before, during, and after the Civil War and specifically how it affected Georgia.

PREFACE

WHATEVER may be thought of the estimate of men or discussion of events in this book, the fact will stand unchallengeable that no volume ever had richer material for the Historian’s pen. It has been a labor of love to portray this dear and powerful mother State of ours, and I have felt that no one could do a better service to her people than to show her to the world as she is. There is no true Georgian who will not thrill with pride at the portraiture of individual manhood and state majesty. And whatever of criticism may be justly due to an imperfect execution of a good aim will be tenderly softened by the home reader’s perception of the author’s conscientious desire and faithful attempt to present the great reality of our matchless commonwealth.

The general reader, lacking the stimulus of state interest, can yet find an ample theme for study and admiration in the decisive agency of Georgia upon those massive questions of slavery, secession and reconstruction, which have shaped the affairs of this nation for the last half century. No national record of the colossal events, belonging to that momentous period of human civilization, can be complete or intelligible that lacks the potential impress of Georgia act and statesmanship. That this State furnished the molding spirits of the Southern Confederacy, and that the stupendous endeavor at an independent nationality expired upon Georgia soil, must ever give to our Commonwealth the unfading interest and profound thought of all philosophical students of history.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I. – THE DECADE BEFORE THE WAR OF 1861-65.

  • CHAPTER I. — GEORGIA AN IMPERIAL COMMONWEALTH
  • CHAPTER II. — THE START OF GOVERNOR BROWN’S STRONG LIFE
  • CHAPTER III. — GOVERNOR BROWN’S MARKED CAREER AS A STATE SENATOR IN 1849
  • CHAPTER IV. — HERSCHELL V. JOHNSON AS GOVERNOR
  • CHAPTER V. — GOVERNOR BROWN’S SCRATCH NOMINATION FOR GOVERNOR IN 1857
  • CHAPTER VI. — BROWN DEFEATS BEN. HILL IN A HARD CANVASS
  • CHAPTER VII. — BROWN’S ELECTION AS GOVERNOR THE PRECURSOR OF A STRIKING ERA OF CHANGE
  • CHAPTER VIII. — THE FIERY BATTLE OF THE BANKS
  • CHAPTER IX. — THE WAY GOVERNOR BROWN GASHED INTO OLD CUSTOMS
  • CHAPTER X. — THE SPIRIT OF 1858 IN GEORGIA
  • CHAPTER XI. — GOV. BROWN’S SUPERB PUBLIC ENDORSEMENT AND RENOMINATION
  • CHAPTER XII. — THE GUBERNATORIAL TUSSLE BETWEEN GOV. BROWN AND WARREN AKIN
  • CHAPTER XIII. — A HOT CHAPTER OF GATHERING REVOLUTION
  • CHAPTER XIV. — THE FATAL SPLIT OF THE NATIONAL AND GEORGIA DEMOCRACY IN 1860
  • CHAPTER XV. — THE MOMENTOUS CLOSE OF THE LAST YEAR OF PEACE, 1860
  • CHAPTER XVI. — THE STUBBORN BATTLE IN GEORGIA OVER DISUNION
  • CHAPTER XVII. — THE MOST VITAL CHAPTER OF GEORGIA HISTORY—HER SECESSION FROM THE UNION

PART II. — THE BLOODY HARVEST OF WAR.

  • CHAPTER XVIII. — THE PRINCELY PROSPERITY GEORGIA STAKED ON THE WAR
  • CHAPTER XIX. — THE RAPE OF THE GUNS
  • CHAPTER XX. — THE BIRTH OF THE CONFEDERACY AND THE SHADOW OF WAR
  • CHAPTER XXI. — THE BLAZING WAR FEVER OF THE FIRST OF 1861
  • CHAPTER XXII. — THE PRECEDENT OF A CENTURY OVERTHROWN, AND BROWN MADE GOVERNOR THE THIRD TIME
  • CHAPTER XXIII. — Gov. BROWN’S STORMY TIME WITH THE LEGISLATURE OF 1861-2
  • CHAPTER XXIV. — THE ORGANIZATION OF STATE TROOPS UNDER MAJOR-GENERAL HENRY R. JACKSON
  • CHAPTER XXV. — BROWN AND DAVIS IN THEIR GREAT TUSSLE OVER CONSCRIPTION
  • CHAPTER XXVI. — A GLOOMY CHAPTER OF WAR’S RAVAGE
  • CHAPTER XXVII. — THE INCREASING WAR FEVER OF 1863
  • CHAPTER XXVIII. — THE FIRST HALF OF THE MOST THRILLING YEAR OF GEORGIA ANNALS, 1864
  • CHAPTER XXIX. — SHERMAN TEARS ATLANTA FROM HOOD
  • CHAPTER XXX. — SHERMAN’S PEACE EFFORT AND FAMOUS MARCH TO THE SEA
  • CHAPTER XXXI. — THE CLOSING THROES OF THE REVOLUTION, AND THE TRAGIC END

PART III. — THE RECONSTRUCTION TRAVESTY AND A SUPERB REHABILITATION

  • CHAPTER XXXII. — THE TRANSITION PERIOD OF PURE BAYONET RULE
  • CHAPTER XXXIII. — THE ORGANIZATION OF THE STATE GOVERNMENT UNDER PRESIDENT JOHNSON’S PLAN
  • CHAPTER XXXIV. — THE SECOND IRON-HANDED AND WHIMSICAL PHASE OF RECONSTRUCTION
  • CHAPTER XXXV. — A THROBBING CHAPTER OF RECONSTRUCTION HARLEQUINADE, ENDING WITH GOV. JENKINS’ REMOVAL
  • CHAPTER XXXVI. — THE FEVERISH MARCH OF EVENTS IN 1868
  • CHAPTER XXXVII. — THE FAMOUS LEGISLATIVE EXPURGATION OF THE BLACKS
  • CHAPTER XXXVIII. — Gov. BULLOCK’S DESPERATE ENDEAVOR TO RE-ENACT RECONSTRUCTION
  • CHAPTER XXXIX. — A BURNING CHAPTER OF FOLLY AND SHAME
  • CHAPTER XL. — THE TWIN INFAMIES OF PROLONGATION AND FINANCIAL MISMANAGEMENT
  • CHAPTER XLI. — THE DOWNFALL OF THE RECONSTRUCTION REGIME, AND BULLOCK’S RESIGNATION AND FLIGHT
  • CHAPTER XLII. — THE FINAL ACT OF JOYOUS STATE REDEMPTION
  • CHAPTER XLIII. — GEORGIA’S FAMOUS EXPURGATION OF FRAUDULENT BONDS
  • CHAPTER XLIV. — THE ADMINISTRATION OF GOV. JAMES M. SMITH
  • CHAPTER XLV. — Gov. ALFRED H. COLQUITT AND HIS MAGNIFICENT MAJORITY
  • CHAPTER XLVI. — Gov. COLQUITT’S BRILLIANT FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATION
  • CHAPTER XLVII. — THE EXTRAORDINARY CRUSADE OF HOSTILITY TO GOV. COLQUITT
  • CHAPTER XLVIII. — THE POWERFUL HISTORIC GEORGIA TRIUMVIRATE, COLQUITT, GORDON, AND BROWN
  • CHAPTER XLIX. — Gov. COLQUITT RECOMMENDED FOR GOVERNOR BY THE MOST EXTRAORDINARY AND EXCITING POLITICAL CONVENTION OF GEORGIA ANNALS
  • CHAPTER L. — Gov. COLQUITT’S OVERWHELMING RE-ELECTION
  • CHAPTER LI. — THE JOURNALISM AND LITERATURE OF GEORGIA
  • CHAPTER LII. — THE RAILROADS, RESOURCES AND FUTURE OF GEORGIA

APPENDIX

  • A. — GEORGIA OFFICERS WHO SERVED IN THE CIVIL WAR IN THE CONFEDERATE SERVICE
  • B. — CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN JEFFERSON DAVIS, PRESIDENT OF THE CONFEDERACY, AND JOSEPH E. BROWN, GOV. OF GEORGIA, ON CONSCRIPTION
  • C. — ORIGINAL COMMUNICATION OF MRS. MARY WILLIAMS, TO THE COLUMBUS (GA.) TIMES, SUGGESTING THE DECORATION DAY CUSTOM

ILLUSTRATIONS

LIST OF STEEL PLATE PORTRAITS.

  • I. W. AVERY
  • JOSEPH E. BROWN, AT 29
  • Jos. HENRY LUMPKIN
  • C. J. MCDONALD
  • HOWELL COBB
  • H. V. JOHNSON
  • ROBERT TOOMBS
  • GEO. W. CRAWFORD
  • ALEX. H. STEPHENS
  • E. A. NISBET
  • HENRY R. JACKSON
  • JEFFERSON DAVIS
  • B. H. HILL
  • W. T. SHERMAN
  • JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON
  • JAMES B. MCPHERSON
  • W. J. HARDEE
  • C. J. JENKINS
  • JOSHUA HILL
  • O. A. LOCHRANE
  • HIRAM WARNER
  • THOS. M. NORWOOD
  • ALFRED H. COLQUITT
  • CAMPBELL WALLACE
  • JOSEPH E. BROWN

LIST OF ENGRAVED PORTRAITS

  • W. H. STILES
  • JOHN E. WARD
  • MRS. M. WILLIAMS
  • A. R. LAWTON
  • THOS. HARDEMAN
  • R. E. LESTER
  • J. B. GORDON
  • JAMES JACKSON
  • MARTIN J. CRAWFORD, Supreme Court Group
  • ALEX. M. SPEER
  • A. O. BACON
  • L. J. GARTRELL
  • L. N. TRAMMELL
  • PATRICK WALSH, Augusta Chronicle and Constitutionalist’s Group
  • A. R. WRIGHT, Augusta Chronicle and Constitutionalist’s Group
  • JAS. R. RANDALL, Augusta Chronicle and Constitutionalist’s Group
  • HENRY C. MOORE, Augusta Chronicle and Constitutionalist’s Group
  • JAMES GARDNER, Augusta Chronicle and Constitutionalist’s Group
  • N. P. T. FINCH, Atlanta Constitution Group
  • W. A. HEMPHILL, Atlanta Constitution Group
  • EVAN P. HOWELL, Atlanta Constitution Group
  • CHAS. H. SMITH, “Bill Arp.” Humorists
  • JOEL CHANDLER HARRIS, “Uncle Remus.” Humorists
  • W. T. THOMPSON, “Major Jones.” Humorists
  • R. M. JOHNSTON, Author “Dukesboro Tales,” etc. Humorists
  • C. C. JONES, JR.
  • E. W. COLE, Georgia’s Railway Kings
  • E. P. ALEXANDER, Georgia’s Railway Kings
  • WM. M. WADLEY, Georgia’s Railway Kings
  • J. P. KING, Georgia’s Railway Kings
  • L. P. GRANT, Georgia’s Railway Kings
  • G. J. FOREACRE, Georgia’s Railway Kings

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