Missouri, in our American County Histories Collection, has several new additions. This is part one of a three part series on the history of Barry, Camden, Carter, Cedar, Christian, Crawford, Greene, Dade, Dallas, Douglas, Dent, Hickory, Howell, Iron, Jasper, Laclede, Lawrence, Mcdonald, Maries, Newton, Phelps, Polk, Pulaski, Oregon, Ozark, Reynolds, Shannon, Stone, Taney, Texas, Webster, and Wright counties with a particular focus on Lawrence County.
From the Introductory chapter:
The great English historian, Lord Macaulay, once wrote: “A people who have no proper pride in their ancestry will always be found to be a people lacking in intelligence and patriotism.”
It is because the people of Lawrence county have a loving pride and respect for the men and women from whom they are descended, and wish the memory of those men and women to be kept in perpetual remembrance, this book is written. Like all the work of human hands there are undoubtedly to be found in these pages here and there an error, but the work as a whole will be recognized as authority on the early and latter story of this county; an honest and painstaking effort to furnish a permanent record of the men and women who, coming here even before the redmen had passed away, laid the foundations of the noble body politic that has grown to be the Lawrence county of today.
Here you will find the names and history of those pioneers who here: “Hewed the forest down, And planted in the solitude the hamlet and the town.”
Here you will read how they brought into this wilderness the gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ, and how from the very first they met to worship Him in whose name they laid the foundations of the commonwealth that was to be. You will read of their patience and their toils, and how, in due season, they were permitted to see the “wilderness blossom as the rose.”
You will read, too, of the eagerness of these heroic people that their children should have the privileges of education, and how, in their poverty they nevertheless failed not to build the humble log school houses, and found that system of public schools of which their descendants are rightly so proud today.
Table of Contents
- FRONTISPIECE, A. M. HASWELL
- THE OZARKS, WHERE ARE THEY? WHAT ARE THEY? — The Backbone of the Ozarks – The First Inhabitants – The Coming of the White Man – Under Three Flags – The Coming of the Stars and Stripes – The Territory of Missouri – At Last the State of Missouri – The Ozarks in War – The Storm of Civil War – The Resurrection of the Ozarks – The Schools of the Ozarks.
- SHORT DESCRIPTIONS OF THE COUNTIES OF THE MISSOURI OZARKS
- A STRANGE COMBINATION OF OLD AND NEW — White Settlements – Big Bill Woods – Ugliest Mortal in the Ozarks – A Very Generous Man – The Oldest Part of the Continent – Idle Cash in Osage Farm Houses – Disappointed Gold Hunters – Parson Keithley Makes His Own Coffin – A Wonderful Fruit Country – Possibilities of Stony Land – State Tuberculosis Sanatorium – St. De Chantal Academy of the Visitation – Memorial to Honorable Norman Gibbs – Charles O. Harrington – Dr. William M. West – The Dr. William West Hospital – Fielding Parker Sizer, Sr.
- HISTORY OF MISSOURI — Resources – Advent of Civilization – Spanish Explorations – First Settlement of French – Discoveries – First Governor – First Newspaper – First Steamboat – Population – Early Governors – Judges of Supreme Court – Organization of Counties – Schools – Early Missionary Work – Political History – Military History – Governors Since the War – Supreme Court Justices – Courts – Senators and Representatives – Other Officials – Railroad Building – Stock Raising – Increasing Population – Growth of Cities
- GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY — Topography – Mining – Iron Industry – Coal – Lead and Zinc – Copper – Other Minerals – Building Stones – Marble – Lithographic Limestone – Value of Products.
- CHAPTER I – FROM STATE OF NATURE TO CIVILIZATION — Narrowing of Prairies – Prairie, Past and Present – Indians Who Were Here – Passing of Big Game – Song Birds Remain – Principal Streams.
- CHAPTER II – FIRST AND EARLY SETTLERS OF LAWRENCE COUNTY — John Williams – David McKenzie and Others – First Postoffices – Roads – Crops – Cultivation – Mills – Live Stock – Schools and Churches – Pioneers – Indians – First Store.
- CHAPTER III – CREATION AND ORGANIZATION OF LAWRENCE COUNTY — Description – First County Court – Revenue and Expenses of First Few Years – Growth and Population.
- CHAPTER IV – ORGANIZATION OF TOWNSHIPS — First Townships Created – Greene – Vineyard – Mt. Vernon – Spring River – Ozark – Mt. Pleasant – Turnback – Buck Prairie – Lincoln – Peirce – Aurora – Friestatt – Red Oak.
- CHAPTER V – PIONEER LAND BUYERS
- CHAPTER VI – COUNTY BUILDINGS — First Court House – Second Court House – Present Court House – County Jails – County Poor Farms.
- CHAPTER VII – CUSTOMS AND METHODS OF LAWRENCE COUNTY PIONEERS — Early Homes – Hospitality – Hunting – Money – Home Manufactures – First Mill – Old Time Sunday Schools – Lawrence County’s Only Revolutionary Warrior.
- CHAPTER VIII – MORE OF THE ADVANCE GUARD OF CIVILIZATION — Early Settlers – Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana and Virginia Furnish Many – Journey by Wagon – Ox Teams – First Carding Machine.
- CHAPTER IX – MILITARY HISTORY OF LAWRENCE COUNTY — First Military Adventures – Opening of Civil War – Lawrence County Organizations – In Federal Armies – In Confederate Armies – Some Operations – “Hawkeye” Cleaned the Country – Spanish-American War.
- CHAPTER X – EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTY — The Beginnings – The First School House – A Few Pioneer Teachers – Not Free Schools – First Permanent School Law – Organization of School Townships – Halted by Civil War – A Roll of Honor – Progress After War – Annual Reports – Comparisons – The Fight for Supervision – How It Was Won – Local Option Supervision – Victory at Last – Marionville College.