We have before published poisons and antidotes; but we find, in Mrs. Hale’s “Household Receipt-Book,” directions so plain and short that we are induced to give them again. In fact, they cannot be published too often.
NOTE: These are from an 1854 publication and should not be used without first consulting with a physician – if at all.
Acids — These cause great heat, and sensation of burning pain, from the mouth down to the stomach. Remedies, magnesia, soda, pearlash, or soap, dissolved in water; then use stomach-pump or emetics.
Alcohol — First cleanse out the stomach by an emetic, then dash cold water on the head, and give ammonia (spirits of hartshorn).
Alkalies — Best remedy is vinegar.
Ammonia — Remedy, lemon-juice or vinegar, afterwards milk and water or flaxseed tea.
Arsenic — Remedies, in the first place evacuate the stomach, then give the white of eggs, lime-water, or chalk and water, charcoal and the preparations of iron, particularly hydrate.
Belladonna or Night Henbane — Give emetics, and then plenty of vinegar and water or lemonade.
Charcoal — In poisons by carbonic gas, remove the patient to open air, dash cold water on the head and body, and stimulate nostrils and lungs by hartshorn, at the same time rubbing the chest briskly.
Corrosive Sublimate — Give white of eggs freshly mixed with water, or give wheat flour and water, or soap and water freely.
Creasote — White of eggs and the emetics.
Lead. White Lead and Sugar of Lead — Remedies, alum, cathartic, such as castor oil and Epsom salts, especially.
Mushrooms, when poisonous — Give emetics, and then plenty of vinegar and water, with dose of ether, if handy.
Nitrate of Silver (lunar caustic) — Give a strong solution of common salt, and then emetics.
Nitrate of Potash, or Saltpetre — Give emetics, thin copious draughts of flaxseed tea, milk and water, and other soothing drinks.
Opium — First give a strong emetic of mustard and water, then strong coffee and acid drinks; dash cold water on the head.
Oxalic Acid — Frequently mistaken for Epsom Salts. Remedies, chalk, magnesia, or soap and water freely, then emetics.
Prussic Acid — When there is time, administer chlorine, in the shape of soda or lime. Hot brandy and water. Hartshorn and turpentine also useful.
Snake-Bites, &c. — Apply immediately strong hartshorn, and take it internally; also, give sweet oil, and stimulants freely. Apply a ligature tight above the part bitten, and then apply a cupping-glass.
Tartar Emetic — Give large doses of tea made of galls, Peruvian bark, or white oak bark.
Tobacco — First an emetic, then astringent tea, then stimulants.
Verdigris — Plenty of white of egg and water.
White Vitriol — Give the patient plenty of milk and water.
In almost all cases of poisoning, emetics are highly useful, and of those, one of the very best, because most prompt and ready, is the common mustard flour or powder, a spoonful of which, stirred up in warm water, may be given every five or ten minutes, until free vomiting can be obtained.
Emetics and warm demulcent drinks, such as milk and water, flaxseed or slippery elm tea, chalk water, &c., should be administered without delay. The subsequent management of the case will of course be left to a physician.
Collection: Godey’s Lady’s Book
Publication: Godey’s Lady’s Book
Date: December, 1854
Title: Poisons and Antidotes
Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania