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Breakfast

Eating Advice from a Mother to a Daughter

(The Revolution – March 1868) – In trying to impress upon you the advantage of a sound body, I would speak of diet as being chief of all hygienic means. It is absurd to expect a healthful balance of mind and body, without good, farinaceous food, at regular hours. Cake and highly seasoned dishes render the stomach irritable and the whole system feverish. Children fed on dainties can never grow robust. A craving for stimulants is thus induced and that is not confined to boys. Girls manifest this depraved condition of the digestive apparatus in other ways than in a love of tippling, but with effects nearly as baleful. Condiments of every kind or highly concentrated food, as in cake and sweetmeats, tax every force of the system to digest, and draw the life-forces from the extremities, leaving them unduly sensitive. The outposts undefended, disease creeps in and attacks the citadel.

The life-forces need to be preserved in perfect equilibrium to keep you growing as beautifully as a plant grows. That takes into its thousand stomachs, or cells, only what it needs to nourish its own life.

Plain food builds up the system in just the same way. The wonderful work of growth goes on unconsciously, in sleep or awake; all we have to do is to supply the right nutriment and we build up, as the plant builds, cell by cell. Each tiny particle attracts its kindred particle, and is deposited wherever a useless atom has been removed.

In avoiding stimulating food, you avoid undue brain excitement and unhealthy imagination and give no room to brooding thoughts of an unreal life, from which come trains of evils that have ruined thousands of lovely girls. Late suppors and rich delicacies create a thirst for novel-reading to a great extent. Fiction has its use, but also its great abuse. Yellow-covered literature would be less eagerly sought if our tables were not loaded with nerve-exciting viands. Real life palls upon the taste, home becomes monotonous, and daily duties irksome, while the day-dreamer roams in enchanted lands.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s Newspapers Collection. We can provide access to fully searchable newspapers by and for women including The Lily, The Revolution, and the National Citizen and Ballot Box.

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Talbot County

The Indians in Talbot County

Although prior to 1652, there were many Indian settlements, as still indicated by their banks of oyster shells, on points along the shores of the Choptank, Chester and Tred Avon rivers, it was in this year, being eight years prior to the founding of Talbot county, that a treaty was made with them, which is the first of which any record has been preserved and by which all of their lands on the Eastern Shore, north of the Choptank river, were ceded to the English.

This treaty was made at the river Severn, where the city of Annapolis was later located, and, tradition says, it was held under the old tulip-popular tree, still standing on the campus of St. John’s College. This treaty may be found, at length, in the appendix to Bozman’s History of Maryland, in which it is stated a blank occurs in the first article. A critical examination of the old council book will, however, convince any person familiar with the peculiar chirography of that time, that there is no blank in it, and that the word that Bozman says, in another place, is illegible, is in reality the word trees. The first article is as follows:

Article of peace and friendship treated and agreed upon the 5th day of July, 1652, between the English nation in the province of Maryland, on the one part, and the Indian nation of Susquesahanough on the other part, as followeth:

First, that the English nation shall have, hold and enjoy to them, their heirs and assigns, forever, all the land lying from the Patuxent river unto Palmer’s Island, on the Western side of the Bay of Chesepiake, and from Choptank river to the north east branch which lyes to the northward of Elks river, on the Eastern side of the said baye, with all the islands, rivers, creeks, tres, fish, fowle, deer, elke, and whatsoever else to the same belonging, excepting the Isle of Kent and Palmer’s Island, which belong to Capt. Clayborne. But, never the less it shall be lawful for the aforesaid English or Indians to build a house or forte for trade or any such like use or occasion at any tyme upon Palmers’ Island.

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Ohio

The Barbaric Laws of Ohio in 1837

The ILLEGAL enactments of Ohio, are extremely oppressive to her colored population. – These LAWS were made by our Western Fathers, in the reign of wolves and bears.*  They are vestiges of backwoods barbarism, and never were intended for this enlightened day.

The first settlers passed them, merely to guard themselves against too great an ingress of worn-out slaves, set free from Kentucky and other slave states. They intended them, merely, as a protection, for the time being, that would be superseded by civilization and education. The axe and the hoe, before which the western forests have fled, should long since, have come in contact with all these unequal, unrighteous, and injurious laws.

The state legislature has been memorialized several times on the subject. The voice of the people has called, LOUDLY, for the repeal of the oppressive code, yet the members have stuck to it, with the same KIND of tenacity, that the Haytians do, to the usages of their fathers, in working their oxen by their horns. They have no other good reason. OUR FATHERS MADE THESE LAWS, and we must not BREAK THEM, is the VERY BEST apology, that possibly can be made, for their existence in this light and liberal age.

For the benefit of such of our readers, as are not acquainted with the disabilities to which our brethren in Ohio are subjected, we will mention a few of them. They exist, under a clause, of the old constitution of the state, in which colored men are denied a residence in the State, without bonds and freehold security, for good behaviour, and as an indemnity against their ever becoming a public charge. They are denied the right of suffrage, and of giving testimony against a white man, in any case, or any circumstances whatever. (more…)


Haitian Revolution

News from the Haitian Revolution

The Haitian Revolution, was a successful anti-slavery and anti-colonial insurrection that took place in the former French colony of Saint Domingue that lasted from 1791 until 1804. It impacted the institution of slavery throughout the Americas. Self-liberated slaves destroyed slavery at home, fought to preserve their freedom, and with the collaboration of mulattoes, founded the sovereign state of Haiti. It led to the greatest slave uprising since Spartacus, who led an unsuccessful revolt against the Roman Republic nearly 1,900 years prior.

The Haitian Revolution was the only slave uprising that led to the founding of a state free from slavery and ruled by non-whites and former captives.

News of the revolution was carried in newspapers in the newly founded United States. This item appeared in the Pennsylvania Gazette on May 2, 1792 by way of Boston.

News from the West Indies

Boston, April 19, 1792

Since our last, several vessels have arrived from Port-au Prince, all of which bring the most gloomy accounts of the situation of that island; the distresses of which appear to be owing, not more to the revolt and devastation of the slaves , than to the enmity prevailing among the freemen, and the want of subordination to any government.

About the 13th of March, the negroes attacked the town of Leogane – set fire to the plantations on the plain, and were joined by the negroes thereon, who had till then been in quiet servitude: after much fighting and burning, the negroes retreated. Many were killed on both sides – the lowest number, including all parties and colours, is stated at 1000.

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Grumble

The Grumblers of 1870

The Revolution, a weekly women’s rights newspaper, was the official publication of the National Woman Suffrage Association formed by feminists Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony to secure women’s enfranchisement through a federal constitutional amendment. Published between January 8, 1868 and February, 1872, it was edited by Stanton and Parker Pillsbury.

Our Grumblers

By Virginia F. Townsend

I do not mean to imply by my title that this large class of individuals is simply a product of our own times. On the contrary, the chronic Grumbler has existed in all ages, and had work to do in every political phase which human affairs have exhibited.

What is more, the Grumbler will not cease to be, before we strike the millennium—that golden noontide hour toward which the years swing us slowly through all their burdens of sorrow and wrong—for hindering and fault-finding, instead of helping and encouraging, is the work in which the soul of the chronic Grumbler takes chiefest delight.

That vampire-instinct, which makes the inborn Grumbler fasten on whatever is weakest and worst among his contemporaries and his era, makes him also blind to whatever is best and noblest in either. Take, for instance, this nineteenth century—now among the waning of its decades.

We have scrambled out – we of the present generation—breathless and sunburnt, and toil-worn on its heights: “Other heights for other years. God willing.” but here we are, in such glad sunlight, with such fresh coolness of winds playing about us, that when we turn and look down from our Table-land on the wilderness of the centuries which have gone before, it seems as though in this year of our Lord, eighteen hundred and seventy, our souls could only find room for grateful psalm and swelling pn over our present state. Say that in the tenth of your chronic Grumblers. Why, how many a man and woman, too, there lives to-day from whose lips you and I have heard the solemn ration, that the world hadn’t moved a rood that the old tunes were as good if not better than the present, in short, that there has been very little real advance made in the comfort happiness of freedom of the human race for centuries.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s Newspapers Collection. We can provide access to fully searchable newspapers by and for women including The Lily, The Revolution, and the National Citizen and Ballot Box.

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