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Sleeping Cupid

Women as Sculptors (1856)

A girl may shape vases in clay quite as easily as flowers in needle-work or tapestry. And why not? Some of the most beautiful specimens of ancient and modern art come to us in this form and of these rude materials.

The art is an exquisite one, and should commend itself especially to the women of our country. The notion that working in clay or marble is unfiled for a female hand or genius, is pure absurdity. The labor is not drudgery—it is art, rather than labor, that is needed for it, and it is one of those arts which may give exercise to many others.

The vase, beautifully wrought, into a noble and classic form, may be covered with exquisite landscapes, to which the baking process will almost ensure, while the vessel remains unbroken, eternal duration.

To encourage the timid ambition, we may mention that one of the European princesses of the present day, has acquired high distinction among living sculptors for her achievements in marble.

—W. Gilmore Simms

Source: The Lily – March 15, 1856
Top Image: Natalia Andriolli, Sleeping Cupid (Cupid with a Lily) 1896 / A graceful and sweet version of Classicism inspired by Antonio Canova’s style, strongly influenced by 19th-century sentimentalism. Natalia Andriolli studied in Paris, where she had her atelier, in which she created her portrait sculptures, genre compositions and artistic ceramics. She was awarded a gold medal at the Paris Salon in 1896 for this sculpture.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s Newspapers Collection. We can provide access to fully searchable newspapers by and for women including The Lily, The Revolution, and the National Citizen and Ballot Box.

White Paper_ Women in World War I -- The New Professional

Nursing in the Late 19th Century

This is an excerpt from Women in World War I – The New Professional. This white paper explores the rapid changes needed to get America ready for its role in World War I and the work needed to get a well-trained nursing corp in place immediately by building upon the nursing practices coming out of the 19th century.

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Nursing in the Late 19th Century

In 1875, Godey’s Lady’s Book reviewed the publication entitled “Hand-book for Hospital Sisters” written by Miss Florence Lees. While formally edited by a male physician, Miss Lees’ practical experience and nursing authority was noted as coming from years of experience in military hospitals across Europe, specifically Denmark, Germany, and France. In Britain, following the ground-breaking initiatives by Florence Nightingale, Lees trained nurses at both Kings College Hospital and St. Johns House. Echoing the words of the male editor who oversaw Lees’ work, Godey’s reviewer noted that her Hand-book is “not more remarkable for its high tone and elevated standard of duty than for the care and precision with which it treats of the many small matters that may be made contributory to the comfort and well-being of the sick. No nurse, however skilful, could read it without profit; and it should be not only in the hands of every probationer, sister, and superintendent, but also in those of every lady who takes personal interest in the nursing arrangements of the hospitals to which she may be a contributor.”  The formal training process for nurses in Britain at the time took approximately two years, but the reviewer noted that similar training programs were currently being introduced for nurses in the United States and suggested that Miss Lees’ work might be useful in their formation.

Clara Barton’s formation of the American chapter of the International Red Cross in 1881 fueled further awareness of the need for trained personnel for dealing with medical emergencies following natural disasters. However, there remained significant hesitation over women serving as nurses in military settings. Prior to 1901 and the reorganization of the military, including the formation of the Army Nurses Corps, the Surgeon General of the time had expressed concern over a perceived need to provide women with such niceties as rocking chairs (Highlights in the History of the Army Nurses Corps, C. Fellar and C. Moore, U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1995, page 6). However, such hesitations were overridden. Rather than having contract nurses supplied by such entities as the Daughters of the American Revolution or the American Red Cross, the creation of the Army Nurses Corps meant that nursing staff would be made answerable to military needs and authority.


We’re Having an IWD/Women’s History Month Sale!

Join Accessible Archives in Celebrating International Women’s Day and Honoring Women’s History Month!

Accessible Archives recognizes the impact of Women’s political, economic, and social activities throughout World history!

We would like to present a tremendous opportunity to acquire digital primary source collections that provide unique insights on the Women’s Rights Movement in America and the changing roles of Women in the 19th and early 20th Century!

Save now with our Special Sale with a 25% discount on the purchase of Godey’s Lady’s Book or our Women’s Suffrage Collection!

This sale is available throughout March and will end on March 31 — so hurry!
For further information and price quote, please contact Iris Hanney at 239-549-2384 or


The Advantages of Farm Life (1909)

By N. A. Murray, Instructor of Agriculture,
Princess Ann Academy, Md.

One does not often hear, except in a casual way, of the advantages of farm life as they offer themselves to the young American, who is willing to live in a rural settlement. What one does hear more frequently and with especial emphasis is its possible disadvantages.

All over the country to-day there seems to be an awakening to the necessity of a special training of our boys and girls in the agricultural courses; and why should we not as representatives of a rising people join in the movement that has the backing of the Federal government and of many states.

As an environment for the proper moral and physical development of our boys and girls who are aspiring to leadership, no better natural opportunity can be found than on the farm, which affords such excellent chances to develop strong, healthy and useful citizens.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s African American Newspapers Collection. This enormous collection of African American newspapers contains a wealth of information about cultural life and history during the 1800s and is rich with first-hand reports of the major events and issues of the day.

OG Grand_Canyon

The Geysers-to-Glaciers Trail Opened in 1919

On February 26, 1919, President Woodrow Wilson signed an act of Congress establishing the Grand Canyon National Park. The bill making the Grand Canyon a national park was passed after having been before Congress for thirty-three years. A few months later, in the summer of 1919, the Geysers-to-Glaciers Trail opened. The goal of this highway was to connect America’s Western national parks. Frank Leslie’s Weekly ran this story about the new road and what Americans could expect on July 19, 1919.

The Geysers-to-Glaciers Trail

On June 20 the first link in a great motor highway connecting the national parks of the West was opened for regular automobile transportation. Over this road, which has been designated as “The Geysers-to-Glaciers Motor Trail,” ten-passenger motor busses will be operated on regular daily schedules. A fleet of 275 cars has been placed at the disposal of tourists, to carry them between Yellowstone and Glacier Parks .

The second link in the park highway is now ready for motorists. This is the road connecting the Rocky Mountain Park with the Yellowstone. It is the aim of the United States Government to develop a well-defined motor highway joining also Glacier, Mt. Rainier, Crater Lake, Yosemite, Mesa Verde, Sequoia national parks and the Grand Canyon of Arizona.

Frank Leslie’s Weekly, published from 1855 to 1922, was an American illustrated news publication started by publisher and illustrator Frank Leslie. While only 30 copies of the first edition were printed, by 1897 its circulation had grown to an estimated 65,000 copies.