Slave’s labor pays the Preacher (1831)

The following (says the Trumpet) is an extract of a letter from a gentleman of high standing in South Carolina. It needs no comment.

‘While I was at Prince Edward Court House in Virginia, I learnt there was a Presbyterian Society at that place, which owned a gang of Negroes, perhaps 30 or 40 – these are hired out from year to year, and the proceeds of their labor pays the Preacher. What do you Yankees think of this?’

William Lloyd Garrison’s The Liberator was a weekly abolitionist newspaper published in Boston. The paper held true to the founder’s ideals. Garrison was a journalistic crusader who advocated the immediate emancipation of all slaves and gained a national reputation for being one of the most radical of American abolitionists.

Source: The Liberator, April 2, 1891

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The Shepherd’s Dog

Without the shepherd’s dog the whole of the mountainous land in Scotland would not be worth sixpence. It would require more hands to manage a flock of sheep than the profits of the whole stock would be capable of maintaining.

Well may the shepherd, then, feel an interest in his dog.

It is, indeed, he that earns the family bread, of which he is content himself with the smallest morsel. Neither hunger nor fatigue will drive him from his master’s side; he will follow him through fire and water. Another thing very remarkable is the understanding these creatures have of the necessity of being particularly tender over lame or sickly sheep. They will drive these a great deal more gently than others, and sometimes a single one is committed to their care to take home. On these occasions they perform their duty like the most tender nurses.

Can it be wondered at, then, that the colley (collie) should be so much prized by the shepherd; that his death should be regarded as a great calamity to a family, of which he forms, to all intents and purposes, an integral part; or that his exploits of sagacity should be handed down from generation to generation?

Source: Godey’s Lady’s Book, August 1864

Godey’s Lady’s Book— Louis Antoine Godey began publishing Godey’s Lady’s Book in 1830. He designed his monthly magazine specifically to attract the growing audience of literate American women. The magazine was intended to entertain, inform, and educate the women of America.

Image: Illustration by Arthur Wardle, for A history and description of the collie or sheep dog in his British varieties (1890)

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1906 Oldsmobile Ad in Frank Leslie’s Weekly

Oldsmobile was a brand of American automobiles produced for most of its existence by General Motors. It was founded by Ransom E. Olds on August 21, 1897. In its 107-year history, it produced 35.2 million cars, including at least 14 million built at its Lansing, Michigan factory. When it was phased out in 2004, Oldsmobile was the oldest surviving American automobile marque, and one of the oldest in the world, after Daimler, Peugeot and Tatra.

This ad for Oldsmobile appeared in Frank Leslie’s Weekly on May 24, 1906.

Your Best Business Partner — The Oldsmobile

Just consider: Low first cost, low operating expense, freedom from disorders, durability in service, easy and dependable control–six convincing facts demonstrated by the Oldsmobile . Will send you six times six convincing facts on your written request. Now it’s up to you.

The Oldsmobile Standard Runabout, Model B–the car as indispensable to business economy as the telephone, the typewriter or the sewing machine–is now built with either straight or curved front. Its 7 h. p. single cylinder, water-cooled motor gives efficiency without complication. Price unchanged, $650.

The Oldsmobile Palace Touring Car, Model S–an American car, the product of American brains. Send for booklet telling why this four-cylinder 28 h. p. machine can give you more style, stability and go for $2250 than any other car on the market at double the money.

The Double-Action Olds, Model L–the car with two working strokes to every revolution of the crank–is the “proper” thing in automobiles–the talk of the year. The absence of valves, guides, cams, and other intricacies attracts the novice–satisfies the expert. Its motor has only three working parts. It takes hills on high speed where other cars are forced into low gear. Its price with complete equipment, $1250. “Double-Action booklet” on request. It’s good reading. Address Dept. L. W.

Olds Motor Works, Lansing, Mich., U. S. A

.Member of Association Licensed Automobile Manufacturers.
Canadian trade supplied from Canadian Factory, Packard Electric Co., Ltd., St. Catherines, Ont.

Frank Leslie’s Weekly, founded in 1855 and continued until 1922, was an American illustrated news publication started by publisher and illustrator Frank Leslie. While only 30 copies of the first edition were printed, by 1897 its circulation had grown to an estimated 65,000 copies.
1906 Oldsmobile Ad

1906 Oldsmobile Ad


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Slave Manumission: A Case in Point

We cannot free our slaves if we would.” — Slaveholders.

MR. EDITOR, – How many endeavor to cover their sins, in holding slaves, under the pretext that “The laws of the state in which they reside, will not allow Manumission.” The following anecdote, related to me lately, by a person who could have no reason for wishing to deceive, and who had himself been a slave overseer, will throw some light on the subject:

While walking out, he observed an old, gray-headed negro, sitting on the bank of a river, and thus addressed him: “What are you doing, boy?” The old man replied, “Trying to catch fish, master.” “Whose boy are you?” “Squire Smith’s I used to be, but now I am free – my master gave me free.”

The person who told me of the circumstance, being impressed with the injustice of turning off an old servant, under the false pretense of making him free, and being himself acquainted with Sqr. Smith, who was an influential member of the Methodist Society in N.C., determined to speak to him on the subject.

He soon had an opportunity to do this: asking the Squire how it was that he could free his slaves, contrary to the law of the State, – “Oh,” said this Christian slaveholder, “when they are old and useless, we let them shift for themselves – they’re no good to us!” He continued to remonstrate with the Squire, showing the injustice of it, and with such faithfulness, that Squire Smith, notwithstanding he endeavored to evade the charge, felt his conscience smite him.

“Do you think that on a dying bed,” said his friend to him, “should you have your reason, you will approve of such conduct?  Can you act in such a way to a fellow being, and yet consider yourself a Christian?”

The Squire begged that he would say no more about such an unpleasant subject, and very condescendingly invited him to ride out to his plantation with him.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s African American Newspapers Collection. This enormous collection of African American newspapers contains a wealth of information about cultural life and history during the 1800s and is rich with first-hand reports of the major events and issues of the day.

Source: The Colored American, August 19, 1837

Photo: “Ex-slave with a long memory, Alabama” by Dorthea Lange in 1937 or 1938.

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Reverend Wayland’s Model Woman

The following from the pen of the Rev. H. L. Wayland should not be a mere fancy sketch, but the reality with every born woman. He knows one such he tells us. Let that one stand the prophecy of all women in the future. We do not expect much of humanity, and so do not realize much in man or woman. “According to your faith be it unto you,” is one of the truest and sublimest utterances in human language, and one of the most important. And the principle runs through all human action and aspiration. We expect nothing, we aim at nothing, we arrive at nothing, is true of an awful proportion of the human race. The Hot Wells of Bath, England, have brought multitudes there to die as well as to be cured during the centuries, and the Old Abbey church is filled with mural and other monuments of the departed, but scarcely a name known to fame appears among them all. And a satirist there has left this tracing to be read as his estimate of them:

“These walls adorned With monument and bust,
Show how Bath’s waters serve to lay the dust.”

Over how many cemetery gates might not the substance of this be placed? And the satire will be just until loftier ideas of human possibility and perfection are entertained.

Men sometimes say of a caged lion, if he only knew his strength, how soon he would be free! So of the man, if he only knew his power, his possibilities, how quickly he would burst the second death cements that now hold him, and leap to loftier life and action? Who shall speak the new word of life to stir the stagnant souls of these unburied dead, that make our nation and the world of man so like the vision of the Hebrew prophet: a valley of dry bones! Who shall cry with his fervor and his faith too, “Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live!”

But our readers shall not lose Mr. Wayland in these musings of our own. It should be impressed on the mind and heart of universal humanity that the rare models like this described below, and all the sublimest attainments ever yet reached by saint or sage, are but the beginning, not the end, of what every mortal man and woman will one day reach in the earthly life, not the heavenly, where it doth not yet appear, even in a few models, what we shall be.

Mr. Wayland says:

I know one lady (I use the singular number not unadvisedly), and she is not compelled by her circumstances, who makes housekeeping an art, who studies chemistry and physiology, that she may adapt her table to the comfort and health of her family; who is the mistress of her servants, and not their unpaid dependent; who knows when the work of the house is done, and if it is not done is able to show the servants the reason of their failure; and with all this, she is not a drudge, with a soul confined to pots and pans, but a sensible, pleasing and truly religious woman, who, while enhancing the happiness of her family and doubling the income of her husband, alike by reducing his expenses and freeing his mind from vexing cares, yet is also reading the best books, is serving God, and dispensing charity to man. One such woman I know; pray how many do you know?

Source: The Revolution, August 13, 1868.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s Newspapers Collection. We can provide access to fully searchable newspapers by and for women including The Lily, The Revolution, and the National Citizen and Ballot Box.

Top Image:  Brooklyn sanitary fair in 1864  as shown in New England Kitchen.

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