Accessible Archives Expands 19th and 20th Century Offerings

Malvern, PA (November 17, 2016)Accessible Archives, Inc.®, an electronic publisher of full-text primary source historical databases, has announced additional titles in its African American Newspapers and Women’s Suffrage collections, and a new database providing access to a unique aspect of World War I.

AFRICAN AMERICAN NEWSPAPERS: THE 19th CENTURY–PART XIII

AFRICAN AMERICAN NEWSPAPERSThese publications expand the current collection of nine titles into the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Freedmen’s Record. Boston, MA 1865–1874

Published by The New England Freedmen’s Aid Society Freedmen’s Record provides a unique look at issues faced by freed slaves and the efforts to provide opportunities for Freedmen entering American society. It exposed the conditions of Freedmen to the Northern public and promoted charitable contributions for use in the society’s Freedmen’s programs and to fund relief efforts in the postwar South.

The Negro Business League Herald. Washington, D.C. 1909

The National Negro Business League (NNBL) promoted African-American “commercial, agricultural, educational, and industrial advancement”. Its credo of black self-assurance and intra-racial cooperation drew on a wide segment of the African American community. The Herald provides insights into the activities and accomplishment of the local Washington, DC NNBL office and the organization in general.

WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE COLLECTION

SuffrageThree new titles complement the three feminist titles currently available. This integrated combination forms the newly instituted Women’s Suffrage Collection providing 64 years of coverage leading to women’s enfranchisement in 1920.

The New Citizen. Seattle, WA 1909–1912

Founded and edited by Missouri Hanna, The New Citizen focused on the role of newly-enfranchised women in Washington state. Articles discussed a variety of state and regional issues, including labor legislation, divorce laws, wage disparity between men and women, reproductive rights, and more.

Western Woman Voter. Seattle, WA 1911–1913

Serving women voters throughout the western states Western Woman Voter discussed questions relating to city and state government and the legal rights of women, the home, the child and the school insofar as they were affected by law.

The Remonstrance: An Anti-Suffrage Periodical.  Boston, MA 1890–1913

The Remonstrance was the official publication of the Massachusetts Association Opposed to the Further Extension of Suffrage to Women. Articles covered state and municipal suffrage defeats, efforts to rescind suffrage in the Western states, radical politics of suffrage, class distinctions between the suffrage and anti-suffrage movements, benefits of the woman’s place in home and the promotion of anti-feminism.

AMERICA AND WORLD WAR I

American Military Camp Newspapers

Camp GordonThis new collection provides unparalleled access to unique sources covering the experience of American soldiers in “The War to End All Wars” during the mobilization period in 1916, in the trenches in 1918 and through the occupation of Germany in 1919.  Military camp newspapers kept soldiers informed about the home front, political questions of the day – including those relating to the war itself – progress of their training, and the state of the war abroad.

Personnel, places and events are described, and non-war related items such as advertisements, poetry, short stories, memoirs, jokes and cartoons are included, along with photographs and sketches of camp life.

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Historical Reporting on the Climate of the Hawaiian or Sandwich Islands

Students and researchers will find the American County Histories a treasure trove of detailed information and recollections on weather and climate of a particular region.  Disasters that a region has suffered, especially violent storms, extended weather patterns and other natural disasters are well documented in these histories.

Explorers, missionaries, sea captains, and settlers maintained climate and weather records – to determine favorable winds, for agricultural reasons, to know when inland waterways were usable, to prepare for settlement, and more.

The excerpt below highlights observations on the climate in the Hawaiian Islands by a New England missionary and member of the American Oriental Society. His first-hand observations provide a unique look at Hawaiian weather, including temperature changes, rainfall, climatic changes in terms of elevation, Hawaiian folklore names for winds, and more.

The climate is salubrious, and possesses a remarkable evenness of temperature, so much so that the language has no word to express the general idea of weather. Remarkable changes, such as a severe storm, or long periods of rain, which on the more populous portions are of rare occurrence, only attract notice. Situated in the midst of the Pacific, the heat produced by a tropical sun is mitigated by the breezes which blow over the wide expanses of ocean, and the shores on either side show but little difference in the results of the thermometer. Physiologists give a certain point of temperature as most conducive to health and longevity. The mean heat of these islands approaches near to it, and is highly favorable to the full development and perfection of animal economy.

The full-text search capability of the American County Histories database permits the student/researcher to explore all the publications of a particular county by using a single query. In addition, those wishing to read or browse the text on a page by page basis may do so in the original format merely by scrolling down the screen and then continuing to the next chapter.
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The fainting bride

Concerning Delicate Women (1869)

One beneficial effect which I hope and expect to see as a result of the right education and ultimate enfranchisement of women is that it shall cease to be fashionable to be “delicate.”

Ill health is doubtless a wide-spread curse of American women, and those who suffer from it are entitled to our most tender sympathy. The heavy burden of pain and suffering borne constantly, and often uncomplainingly, by women wrings the heart with sorrow when the fact is contemplated. Nevertheless it is true that many women, especially sentimental young women, rather enjoy the distinction of being physically frail and easily overcome by any little extra exertion. Indeed! they often feign an exhaustion and delicacy that they do not feel.

That miserable misanthrope; Lord Byron, wrote “there is a sweetness in woman’s decay,” and who can tell the amount of sentimental, sickly young ladyism that has resulted from it. A school of novelists, that, happily, is fast passing away, always represent the angelic young woman who is heroine of the tale, as slender, fragile, pale, fainting away upon the slightest provocation, exhausted by the smallest exertion. It seems to be the aim of many young women of the present day to imitate her.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s Newspapers Collection. We can provide access to fully searchable newspapers by and for women including The Lily, The Revolution, and the National Citizen and Ballot Box.

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When Elections are in Doubt

The electoral process throughout American history has run its course with only a few major issues in the past 240 years. The 1876 presidential election has been used as the historical yardstick in determining the good and bad of the election process. After a hard fought campaign between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden, the final election results brought widespread charges of voter fraud coming from both candidates. Eventually, Congress stepped into the electoral process and selected an electoral commission charged with the task of “selecting” a president. There was great concern that the partisans of the losing candidate might revolt, so Federal troops were activated in Washington, D.C. and in other large metropolitan areas throughout the country. Eventually, a president was selected and the fear of popular agitation subsided and America resumed its political stability.

During the presidential election of 1916, the alarm was raised that there might be the need for voter recounts. But, the specter of the president election of 1876 loomed large in the minds of politicians and candidates.

The article below from Frank Leslie’s Weekly broaches the possibility of a vote recall in the final results of the Presidential Election of 1916. It cites the various issues that had been raised during the 1876 election.

Researchers interested in the history of America’s political process and the role of popular activism will find Frank Leslie’s Weekly a treasure trove off unique information covering many phases of America’s political and popular legacies.

WHEN ELECTIONS ARE IN DOUBT CLOSENESS OF RECENT VOTE RECALLS

TROUBLED DAYS OF 1876 WHEN AN ELECTORAL COMMISSION GAVE THE PRESIDENCY TO HAYES

Frank Leslies Weekly, November 23, 1916

Frank Leslies Weekly, November 23, 1916

As soon as it was claimed that President Wilson had been re-elected by a narrow margin, it was proposed to contest the result in several States that went for him by small pluralities,
notably California, Minnesota, New Mexico and North Dakota. The Democrats also threatened to demand a recount in several States that went Republican. This recalls the election of 1876 when contests were inaugurated in Oregon, Louisiana, Florida and South Carolina. The matter was taken before Congress, as provided by law, and an Electoral Commission of 15 members was appointed. The Commissioners decided every point strictly on party lines, and as the Republicans had a majority of one, the Presidency was given to Rutherford B. Hayes. This award was ratified by the Senate, which was Republican, but not by the House, which was Democratic. As the agreement was that the decision of the Commission should stand unless rejected by both Houses of Congress, Mr. Hayes became President on March 4, 1877, two days after the final decision was rendered. Many people still believe that the Presidency rightly belonged to his rival, Samuel J. Tilden.

Frank Leslie’s Weekly, published from 1855 to 1922, was an American illustrated news publication started by publisher and illustrator Frank Leslie. While only 30 copies of the first edition were printed, by 1897 its circulation had grown to an estimated 65,000 copies.
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michigan-women

Michigan Woman Want to Vote (1880)

Women’s Reasons for Desiring to Vote
National Citizen and Ballot Box – July 1880

The work of reading these thousands of postals and letters and selecting from among them for publication, has required the labor of two persons over two weeks, and a portion of this time three persons were engaged upon it. Although but comparatively a small portion of them has been given, they form a very remarkable, unique, instructive and valuable addition to the literature and history of woman suffrage.

They not only show the growth of liberty in the hearts of women, but they point out the causes of this growth. Each letter, each postal, carries its own tale of tyrannous oppression, and each woman who reads, will find her courage and her convictions strengthened. Let every woman who receives this paper religiously preserve it for future reference. Let those who say that women do not want to vote, look at the unanimity with which women in each and every state, declare that they do wish to vote,—that they are oppressed because they cannot vote—that they deem themselves capable of making the laws by which they are governed, and of ruling themselves in every way.

These letters are warm from the heart, but they tell tales of injustice and wrong that chill the reader’s blood. They show a growing tendency among women to right their own wrongs, as women have ofttimes in ages before chosen their own ways to do. Greece with its tales of Medea and Clytemnestra; Rome and the remembrance of Tofania and her famous water; southern France of more modern times all carry warning to legal domestic tyrants.

Regards,

Matilda Joslyn Gage

  • The State Department of Michigan, six names, send congratulations and believe that “taxation without representation” is the basest tyranny.
  • The W. S. A. of Big Rapids, addresses a letter to National Nominating Convention asking for an amendment to the constitution. Lucy F. Morehouse, Prest. W. S. A. and twenty-eight others.
  • The Frankfort N. W. S. A. appointed a committee of three to canvass the town and ascertain the opinion of the women on the suffrage question, which committees after a thorough canvass are enabled to submit the following report, and appended names in favor, viz: 111 in favor, 28 approved, 21 indifferent.—Mrs. S. M. Harden, Ch. of Com. Frankfort.
  • The following reasons come from Decatur Mich.:—It is my belief that woman by the use of the ballot could prohibit intemperance. —MRS. G. H. THOMPSON.
  • I believe in woman suffrage because it is our inherent right. MRS. H. N. HOPKINS.
  • I am in favor of woman suffrage because it is woman’s right.—MRS. ELVIRA M. HOPKINS.
  • We are obliged to obey laws and it is only right that we should have a voice in electing our law-makers.—SADIE LUMBARD.
  • I want to vote because I believe it to be a right, because it would increase the power for good which I wish to exercise, because it would greatly advance all moral reforms and do much to bring about “peace and good will to men.”—MRS. H. UPTON.
  • Representation or no taxation.—MRS. MARTHA P. KENDALL.
  • One reason why I think women should vote is, as a general rule I believe they would vote for sober and virtuous rulers, and when we have such rulers the people will not mourn as they now do.—MISS A. TROWBRIDGE.
  • I pay taxes, therefore think I have a right to vote.—MRS. L. M. BURNEY.
  • Statesmen without whiskey.—LUCINDA BENNETT.
This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s Newspapers Collection. We can provide access to fully searchable newspapers by and for women including The Lily, The Revolution, and the National Citizen and Ballot Box.

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