Florida State Normal and Industrial School class of 1904

The Christian Recorder on Self-Reliance

I doubt not but that the American Negro will in the next decade be put more to it to provide for higher education than is the case to-day. Officials of institutions for higher education in the South who have come in contact with Northern philanthropist have recently experienced a lukewarm reception where they once were most cordially received. The idea that industrial education was not only the greatest, but the only educational need of the Negro has been the cause of this indifference.

Even in the matter of industrial education their is the idea advanced that only these schools should be supported that are in the “American Missionary,” the commissioner for church wrote the great charitable organizations and a few others. What does this mean? That these in the hands of colored officials, except possibly that in Tuskegee and at Normal in Alabama should alone receive financial consideration at the hands of the almoners of northern bounty. Even so consistent a friend of the race as the “N.Y. Independent” that if certain schools should not be blacklisted. There should be a white list made. It is rather significant that this finale acknowledgment is now published. It should emphasize the necessity for self-reliance, not only in the matter of secular, but of Christian education.

How timely is it for the African Methodist Episcopal Church to begin the new century with an appeal to the connection and the race for a “thank offering” to the Almighty, not only for the more auspicious entrance of the race on the twentieth century both in America and Africa, but as a guaranty that we will accept every reasonable challenge made against us and that we will labor with greater zeal and self-sacrifice, more earnestly, more steadfastly and with more singleness of purpose towards the advancement of the Redeemer’s kingdom.

Let the young people of the church especially be in the vanguard, for the work of the twentieth century will be more largely in their hands and in their keeping.

Washington D.C.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s African American Newspapers Collection. This enormous collection of African American newspapers contains a wealth of information about cultural life and history during the 1800s and is rich with first-hand reports of the major events and issues of the day.

Source: The Christian Recorder 1899-12-07
  Florida State Normal and Industrial School class of 1904 .

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Thanksgiving: A Proclamation (1866)

A PROCLAMATION, by the President of the United States .

ALMIGHTY GOD, our Heavenly Father, has been pleased to vouchsafe to us, as a people, another year of that national life which is an indispensable condition of peace, security and progress. That year, moreover, has been crowned with many peculiar blessings. The civil war that has so recently raged among us has not been anywhere reopened; foreign intervention has ceased to excite alarm or apprehension; intrusive pestilence has been benignly mitigated; domestic tranquility has improved; sentiments of conciliation have largely prevailed, and affections of loyalty and patriotism have been widely renewed. Our fields have yielded quite abundantly; our mining industry has been richly rewarded, and we have been allowed to extend our railroad system far into the interior recesses of the country, while our commerce has resumed its customary activity in foreign seas. These great national blessings demand a national acknowledgment.

Now, therefore, I, ANDREW JOHNSON, President of the United States, do hereby recommend that Thursday, the 29th day of November next, be set apart and be observed everywhere in the several States and Territories of the United States, by the people thereof, as a day of thanksgiving and praise to Almighty God, with due remembrance that in His temple doth every man speak of His honor.

I recommend also that, on the same solemn occasion we do humbly and devotedly implore Him to grant to our national councils and to our whole people that divine wisdom which alone can lead any nation into the ways of all good. In offering these national thanksgivings , praises and supplications, we have the Divine assurance that the Lord remaineth a King forever; those that are meek shall He guide in judgment, and such as are gentle shall He teach his way. The Lord shall give strength to His people, and the Lord shall give to His people the blessings of peace.

In witness where of, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington, this eighth day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-six, and of the independence of the United States the ninety first.


Frank Leslie’s Weekly, founded in 1855 and continued until 1922, was an American illustrated news publication started by publisher and illustrator Frank Leslie. While only 30 copies of the first edition were printed, by 1897 its circulation had grown to an estimated 65,000 copies.


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Inside the Archives

Inside the Archives – November 2014 – Volume III Number 4

Volume III. Number 4.


As we move toward the close of 2014, with Thanksgiving on the horizon and Christmas just a few weeks away, Accessible Archives’ END-OF-YEAR SALE still is going strong. From The Revolution through the African American Experience and Civil War to Women’s History and beyond, individual and packaged collections are available at very special prices.  Whether you’re looking at individual permanent access or prefer an annual subscription to our complete collections, please contact us with your interests and we will be happy to review all options with you.

Frank Leslie’s Weekly — We continue to load keyed content onto the website, with a completion goal of early 2015.  As we remain in pre-publication mode, special pricing still is available.  Whether your interest lies with the complete collection or just in specific areas – The Civil War or World War I, for example – we are offering extremely favorable terms.

National Anti-Slavery Standard — While complete page images are already on the website, as are those for Frank Leslie’s weekly, the number of keyed issues increases on a regular basis.  Again, pre-publication pricing is in effect, with a very special offer for those who own the Standard’s sister publication, The Liberator from any source.  Please contact us and we’ll be happy to fill you in on the details.

Thanksgiving is fast approaching, and we’re  “talking turkey”! 


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The New System of Reclaiming Lands (1867)

This article appeared in the November 16, 1867 issue of Frank Leslie’s Weekly.


Operations on Newark Meadows, N. J., by the Iron Dike and Land Reclamation Company of New York.

SWAMP-LANDS are blurs upon the fair face of Nature; they are fever-breeding places; scourges of humanity; which, instead of yielding the fruits of the earth and adding wealth to the general community, only supply to the neighboring places poisonous exhalations and torturing musquitos. They are, for all practical purposes, worthless; and the imperative necessity for their reclamation is obvious to all, and is universally conceded.




We are not dealing now with the vast, wild and desoate swamps which infest certain portions of our country, but of those marshes in the immediate vicinity of civilization—marshes, in fact, which stand in the way of civilization, keeping hundreds of millions of dollars locked up in their oozy, muddy, worthless bosoms. Jersey City and Hoboken would long since have become one continuous city but for the unsightly marsh which spreads out, barren, between; and thousands of families could find homesteads, where the waters of the East River overflow at 103d street. Many attempts have been made to reclaim similar marshes, but the enormous expense attending the only certain method of reclamation then known has always proved an effectual bar to the completion of the work. These marshes, as a general thing, are divided among numberless owners in parcels, from the sixteenth of an acre to five and ten acre lots. The conflicting interests of these parties, and the impossibility of inclining them to a united action, are found to be the most formidable barriers to the great work of reclamation. It is true that stupendous works of drainage have been accomplished in Europe, such as the Harlem Lake, the wonderful Dikes of Holland, the Fens of Lincolnshire, and the Bedford Level; but these were accomplished by Governmenta action or liberal subsidy. The results in each case have proven truly gigantic. Harlem Lake, formerly presenting an area of seventy square miles of water, is now a land teeming with the richest productions of the earth; Holland bids defiance to the ever-threatening tides: while the Bedford Level, a vast tract of thousands of acres, is now a fertile corn-field, and was not long since made into a county, and added to the domains of her Majesty, being declared the finest agricultural district in the country.


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The Association for the Advancement of Women in 1896

Among the hundreds upon hundreds of women’s organizations, of whose making there is no end and into whose many forms the much-talked of “woman movement” has crystallized itself, there is one unique and interesting society of which little is heard, though it is of ripe age–twenty-two years–and counts its membership in every section of the country.

From Canada to Florida, from Maine to California, are women to whom the initials “A.A.W.” stand for a new inspiration in their lives, and among its hundreds of members are included women of world-wide fame, from its president, Julia Ward Howe , author of the “Battle Hymn of the Republic,” down. From the fact that its working methods are somewhat unlike those of most women’s clubs, the only time when the Association for the Advancement of Women challenges universal attention, is when it calls its members from the East and the North, the South and the West, to its annual convention in some representative city. For the rest of the year it works so quietly–though none the less effectively –that to many of the outside world a brief account of the Association, its membership, and its work, will come as interesting news.


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