Philadelphia Welcomes President Washington

In September of 1790, President George Washington visited Philadelphia on his way south from New York City. This report about a gathering in his honor appeared in the September 8, 1790 issue of The Pennsylvania Gazette.

A Repast and Toast

Thursday last about two o’clock arrived in town from New York, the President of the United States — his lady and their suite. They were joined on their approach by a number of respectable citizens — the city troops of horse, artillery, and companies of light infantry, who, on this occasion, as well as others, all testified their affection for the BENEFACTOR OF MANKIND.

Every public demonstration of joy was manifested; — the bells announced his welcome — a feue de joye was exhibited — and as he rode through town, to the City-Tavern, age bowed with respect and youth repeated, in acclamations, the applauses of the HERO of the Western World.

The Pennsylvania Gazette was one of the United States’ most prominent newspapers from 1728—before the time period of the American Revolution—until 1800. Published in Philadelphia from 1728 through 1800, The Pennsylvania Gazette is considered The New York Times of the 18th century.
At four o’clock he partook of a repast (provided by the Corporation at the City-Tavern) accompanied by the members of our Legislature and of the State Convention — by the President and other Executive Officers of Pennsylvania, at which REASON, VALOUR and HOSPITALITY presided.

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New Treatment of Criminals

New Treatment of Criminals (1868)

There is one law, one court, one penalty awaiting every criminal alike, in what are called our courts of justice. Whatever may have been the culture, or want of it, whatever the temptation or power to resist, the courts have no discretion really, and so are bound to pass sentence according to law and evidence on all alike. The injustice, not to say cruelty, of this, would be less grievous, were our penalties and prisons designed for reformation, as hospital cures instead of modes and means of torture as in the past ages. The New York Tribune, on Christmas morning, proclaimed the following on the treatment of criminals. It is an evangel worthy that auspicious morn; almost literally fulfilling the promise of eighteen hundred years ago, “to open the prison doors to them that are bound.”

In the Irish Times, we find an account of a treatment of criminals so new, so surprising, and successful, as to be worthy of special notice. About twelve years ago Government secured the title to 170 acres of land, at Lusk, 14 miles north of the city of Dublin, overlooking Dublin Bay, and a beautiful wooded country. The object was to make an experiment with convicted criminals in redeeming the land and in carrying on a farm. This was to be what is termed the “intermediate system.” For many years the land had been a common; a part was swampy, much of the surface had been removed by neighboring farmers, and it was of little value. A gang of convicts was brought on, and, under judicious managers, the land was drained, the subsoil brought to the surface, manure was applied and also lime to correct the acidity; houses, barns and outbuildings were erected, and, finally, the tract has been brought to a high state of fertility.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s Newspapers Collection. We can provide access to fully searchable newspapers by and for women including The Lily, The Revolution, and the National Citizen and Ballot Box.


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The Slave Parent and Child

This article is an excerpt from a tract titled THE FAMILY RELATION, AS AFFECTED BY SLAVERY  by Charles King Whipple and appeared in the National Anti-Slavery Standard.

The Slave Parent and Child

We will take it for granted that the principles properly regulating this relation are found in the following precepts of Scripture:

“Train up a child in the way he should go.”

“Children, obey your parents in the Lord.”

Let us first look at this relation as it exists in the slave family.

The proper training up of a child requires, on the part of the parent, intelligence, a moral and religious character, a recognised authority, and a power to seclude the child from external vicious or otherwise injurious influences.

The very mention of these constituent parts of the parental relation shows how impossible it is for the slave father or mother to exercise them.

National Anti-Slavery Standard was the official weekly newspaper of the American Anti-Slavery Society, an abolitionist society founded in 1833 by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan to spread their movement across the nation with printed materials. Frederick Douglass was a key leader of this society and often addressed meetings at its New York City headquarters.

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The Training and Life of a New York Fireman in 1896

By Rufus Rockwell Wilson

The coming International Firemen’s Tournament, to beheld in London, will be attended by representatives of nearly all of our leading cities, and promises to emphasize the fact that American firemen are in many respects the best in the world. One who has been present at a fire in any of our centres of population must have admired the dash, skill, and precision with which the firemen began and waged their battle with the flames, and must doubtless have wondered, how this skill and confidence were acquired; but an inquiry would have revealed a fact unfamiliar to the general public, that in all the chief cities there have been maintained for years past well – equipped training – schools, where men are regularly and carefully drilled in the art of handling fires and saving lives. The training-school in New York is at 157 East Sixty-seventh Street, the headquarters of the department, a handsome seven-story brick building, erected in 1887 at a cost of half a million dollars. To Captain H. W. McAdams, instructor, come all applicants for admission to the department, and during the past sixteen years, he has drilled more than 40,000 men in the essentials of his calling.

At a Union Square Fire.

At a Union Square Fire.

The men are first trained in the use of the scaling-ladder. Each man takes a ladder, and these are secured to the window ledges of the training-school building until a continuous chain is built to the roof. In the hands of well-trained men the scaling-ladder is a most effective appliance for life-saving, and special attention is given to it in theNew York training-school. When properly trained in its use the “standing-on-sill” drill, as it is called, is taken up by the pupils. In this exercise, two men at a time stand on window sills and handle the ladders in building a chain to the roof. The “swinging-from-window-to-window” drill is the next step in the making of a fireman. This is a device resorted to when a building is on fire and the occupants of the top floor cannot be reached from the ground. In such an emergency the firemen can get to them only by going to the top of the adjoining building, if that has escaped the flames, and swinging over to the burning structure.

Ladder Drill

Ladder Drill

After this, the men are taught to send a lifeline, or, as it is sometimes called, a roof-line, to their comrades on the roof by means of a gun. This life-line is a cord and serves as a connection between the men on the roof and those below. When it has been caught and made fast, it is used to draw a heavy life-rope to the roof, after which a life-belt is given to each man, to be used in sliding down the life-rope. This belt has a large hook attached to it called the snap. One end of the life-rope is fastened to the roof of the building, and when ready to descend the fireman twists the rope twice around the snap in his belt. If he is to take another person down with him, three or four turns are necessary, according to the weight of the second person. The friction of the rope around the snap eases the descent so that a man has only about five pounds pressure to hold on his hand in powering himself down the building. No other means of regulating the descent has as yet been devised. As a concluding exercise, the men are taught how to jump in case of necessity, and how to hold the Bonner drop-net. The object of this net is to save life by breaking the fall of persons jumping from upper windows. To teach the men exactly how to hold the net, dummies are thrown from the roof. These are elongated bags filled with sand, weighing from 75 to150 pounds.

Godey’s Lady’s Book— Louis Antoine Godey began publishing Godey’s Lady’s Book in 1830. He designed his monthly magazine specifically to attract the growing audience of literate American women. The magazine was intended to entertain, inform, and educate the women of America.

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Do Women Ever Do Any Hard Work?

It is a very common saying by many persons who are opposed to the Woman’s Rights question, that the women never claim the right to do any of the hard and laborious work; all they want is the right to do any of the easy kind, and leave the hard work for the men to do.

But such is not the fact; and if such objectors would take a journey into Europe they would find that the women did their share of hard work as well as men, particularly in Germany and France. Also in England, go into the harvest fields, and you will find the women reaping down the wheat, all day long, and receiving the same wages as the men; go into the hay fields and the women are there; look into the fields of barley, beans, oats, peas and turnips, and the women are there; ’tis true they don’t do any of the mowing, but they perform various sorts of labor there, the like of which is seldom seen in this country; to be sure a great deal of it is of a very healthy character, and has a beneficial effect upon the constitution.

You will find the women in all the large Gardens, Shrubberies and Orchards at work; and in the Dairies, there they are, milking the cows, and making the butter and cheese.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s Newspapers Collection. We can provide access to fully searchable newspapers by and for women including The Lily, The Revolution, and the National Citizen and Ballot Box.


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