How to Plan a Flower Garden (1852)

Flower Gardens are of two kinds: those which are planted with flowers indiscriminately in the borders are called mixed flower gardens; and those which are of a regular shape as shown in the figures, and which are planted in masses of flowers of one kind, are called geometrical flower gardens.

Plans for Flower Gardens - Godey's Lady's Book, 1852

Plans for Flower Gardens – Godey’s Lady’s Book, 1852

Mixed flower gardens require comparatively little care to arrange and keep in order, as the principal objects to be attended to are to have the tallest plants placed furthest from the eye, and to keep the plants sufficiently distinct to prevent them from being drawn up for want of room.

The geometrical flower garden, on the other hand, requires great care in its arrangement; for, as the plants form masses of color, if the colors do not harmonize with each other, they produce a very bad effect.

It is, therefore, necessary to draw out a plan for a flower garden, and to color it before it is planted, as then, if the colors do not harmonize, they can be changed with little trouble.

Plans for Flower Gardens - Godey's Lady's Book, 1852

Plans for Flower Gardens – Godey’s Lady’s Book, 1852

In a geometrical flower garden, the colors must be contrived so as to produce a striking effect contrasted with each other, and the plants must be so chosen as to be nearly of the same size, so that the garden, when seen at a distance, may have the effect of a Turkey carpet.

The walks in a geometrical flower garden are either grass or gravel, but as in the latter case they must be bordered with box, the garden generally looks better when the beds are on grass.

Source: Godey’s Lady’s Book, March, 1852 – Plans for Flower Gardens

Godey’s Lady’s Book— Louis Antoine Godey began publishing Godey’s Lady’s Book in 1830. He designed his monthly magazine specifically to attract the growing audience of literate American women. The magazine was intended to entertain, inform, and educate the women of America.

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Bandera County

Meet Mrs. Mary Jane Walker

This short memoir appears in Pioneer History of Bandera County (Texas) by J. Marvin Hunter. Bandera County, formed in 1856 from Bexar and Uvalde counties, is a located on Texas’s Edwards Plateau. This volume is in our American County Histories:  The Southwest collection.

The full-text search capability of the American County Histories database permits the student/researcher to explore all the publications of a particular county by using a single query. In addition, those wishing to read or browse the text on a page by page basis may do so in the original format merely by scrolling down the screen and then continuing to the next chapter.

From the Forward

Bandera county has a wonderful history. During the seventy-five years that have passed since white people settled this region, history has been in the making. Many tragedies have been enacted, many privations endured, many dangers experienced during this long span of years—three-quarters of a century. We have yet living with us some of the hardy pioneers that came with the first settlers, men and women who are today nearing the century mark, but still active and full of life.

The rising generation ought to know something of the cost of the blessings we today enjoy, and it is the purpose of this volume to place on record a correct history of these pioneers, and tell of the sacrifices they made in order to redeem this great land from the hands of the roving bands of Indians who had always claimed it.

Mrs. Mary Jane Walker

Born in Claiborne Parish, La., November 18, 1834, and now in the 88th year of her age, Mrs. Mary Jane Walker, nee Moore, looks serenely back upon the great span of years that intervene between her childhood days and the glorious present, and rejoices that she has lived to see the wonderful changes that have taken place. Grandma Walker makes her home with her son, John Travis Walker, and family on Chalk Creek, Bandera county. She came to Texas with her parents in 1853, and located near Austin. On June 22, 1857, she was married to William Andrew Walker, in Blanco county. After living in Blanco and Llano county for awhile she and her husband came to Bandera county that same year, 1857, remaining here awhile, then went back to Llano county. They returned to Bandera in 1866 and located on Laxson’s Creek, afterwards buying the Joe W. Minear place there. Nine children were born to them, four of whom are still living, Mrs. Cynthia Artie Reed of Lima, John Travis Walker of Bluff, Joseph Daniel Walker of Seymour, Mrs. Selina Argie Ferguson of Pear Valley.


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Lee and his Generals

The Pursuit of Lee – His Capture Certain

Part I of our Civil War collection, A Newspaper Perspective, contains articles gleaned from over 2,500 issues of The New York Herald, The Charleston Mercury and the Richmond Enquirer, published between November 1, 1860 and April 15, 1865.

The theatre of the latest operations against Lee is that part of Amelia county that lies in the bend of the Appomattox river and between that stream and the Danville and Lynchburg railroads, which form a right angle at Burkesville station. Burkesville station, on the Richmond and Danville Railroad, is fifty-two miles west of Petersburg. Amelia Court House is on the same railroad, about twenty miles nearer to Richmond – that is, twenty miles up the railroad in a northeasterly direction from Burkesville station. Jettersville is on the railroad between Burkesville and Amelia Court House, but nearer to the Court House.

The Pursuit of Lee - His Capture Certain

The Pursuit of Lee – His Capture Certain

On the 6th, at daylight, General Meade, with the Second, Fifth and Sixth corps, was at Burkesville station and Lee was near Amelia Court House; consequently our troops were south and west of the enemy, and our menfaces were turned to the northeast. Our cavalry advance was at Jettersville, and, as it moved toward the enemy at Amelia Court House, its left stretched well out toward Painesville, a point about ten miles northwest of Amelia Court House, and directly on the line of Leeretreat toward the Appomattox .


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Crimes and Punishments in 18th Century Virginia

In A History of Orange County Virginia, Chapter XV: Crimes and Punishments, you can find a compilation of highlights from various criminal prosecutions.

This volume can be found in American County Histories » Virginia County Histories.

Crimes and Punishments

There are some notable instances of crimes, and particularly of punishments, in the earlier records; punishments that in these days would be called barbarous, but which were the identical punishments for the particular crimes prescribed by the laws of England, then the laws of the colony. A crime by a servant against his master, by a wife against her husband, if sufficiently grave, was “petty treason,” as in the cases of Peter and Eve hereafter narrated.

Hog stealing seems to have been so persisted in that special penalties were denounced upon it, until finally a second conviction was punishable by death; and hogs, then as now, had a special fascination for the negroes.

It is to be observed, too, that (rape) the “unspeakable crime,” though of rarer occurrence in those days than now, was by no means unheard of as has been asserted.

The tradition that Negro Run, formerly Negro-head Run, was so called because the head of a negro who had been drawn and quartered for crime had been set up near it, is not sustained by the records of Orange; if true, the incident must have occurred before the County was formed, but there really seems no substantial basis for it.

The cases that follow are taken from the order books where they still may be read at large by the curious. It must be borne in mind that in those days the County Courts were often constituted “Courts of Oyer and Terminer,” that is, to hear and make final determination.


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Plug Uglies: The Boys of Carrollton

This story appears in Carroll County and her People by Private Joe Cobb:

Plug Uglies, was a name assumed by an informal and disorganized organization of school boys at Carrollton in 1866, between the ages of fifteen and twenty years, for fun.

In 1857, when John and Chas. Rodahan built the first brick court house–for ten thousand dollars–the old wooden court house, two stories high, was rolled off the square to the south-east corner, where Mr. Wyley Stewart’s store now stands. The old house was usually occupied by Dr. Tanner’s and “Uncle” Tom Chandler’s goats in the day time, and by the Plug Uglies at night. Lee was the regular elected captain, being the tallest and best one to plan “ways and means” for fun for the boys. The object was for nothing but innocent fun. Some of the older men and politicians were hard to convince that it was not for political purposes.

Being just after the Civil War, when government was in a state of chaos and the “Ku Klux Klan” was on the rampage in Georgia and the south. The Plug Uglies may have had some influence in deterring evil doers and suppressing crime, though that was not its object, but was for fun for the boys. They would fish, hunt and bathe together. Often at night, between the hours of 9 and 11 o’clock they would meet, make speeches, go serenading with old tin pans for tambourines, kettle drums or anything with which to make a noise. There was a quartet of excellent singers, led by Cliff, who as everyone knows is an expert vocalist. They would always be treated by the good matrons to cakes, pies and other good eatables at once, so as to get rid of the boys.

Carrollton’s witty poet, George, expressed of the Plugs the day after Christmas, in the first verse of a poem which was published thus:

“’Twas Christmas night–the solem clock
Had tolled the hour of one,
When Olifton, with a dozen more,
Resolved to have some fun.”

The poem gave an account of what was done by the Plugs that night; unhung gates, removed buggy wheels, rang the school and church bells, serenaded, and engaged in other “innocent” amusements. When the bells were ringing some believed it was a fire alarm and that jovial, good natured gentleman who had a store up town, Col. John B. Beall, drew a picture of himself that night as he ran to what he thought was a fire, with his hat flying behind him, as he hopped, jumped and ran with his stiff leg greatly in evidence. No real injury was done, no property damaged and everybody laughed and took it as a joke.

All of those boys are now old men; some dead, others married and have nice families and are amongst the best citizens of the county and state.

There is an organization now called Plug Uglies in Boston, Mass.–the object of which we are not informed, but no doubt took the name from the original Plug Uglies at Carrollton, for it was the only one ever heard of since 1866.

The full-text search capability of the American County Histories database permits the student/researcher to explore all the publications of a particular county by using a single query. In addition, those wishing to read or browse the text on a page by page basis may do so in the original format merely by scrolling down the screen and then continuing to the next chapter.
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