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New Online: Abraham Lincoln Library Abolitionist Books

The development of our newest Civil War collection, Part VII: Abraham Lincoln Library Abolitionist Books is coming along quickly. These twenty-one items are now fully searchable.

  • A DEFENCE OF SOUTHERN SLAVERY. AGAINST THE ATTACKS OF HENRY CLAY AND ALEX’R. CAMPBELL.
  • ABOLITION PETITIONS.
  • AN ESSAY ON LIBERTY AND SLAVERY.
  • AN ESSAY ON SLAVERY AND ABOLITIONISM, WITH REFERENCE TO THE DUTY OF AMERICAN FEMALES.
  • AN INQUIRY INTO THE CONDITION AND PROSPECTS OF THE AFRICAN RACE IN THE UNITED STATES: AND THE MEANS OF BETTERING ITS FORTUNES.
  • ANNUAL REPORT OF THE AMERICAN ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY, BY THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, FOR THE YEAR ENDING MAY 1, 1860.
  • ANNUAL REPORTS OF THE AMERICAN ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY, BY THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, FOR THE YEARS ENDING MAY 1, 1857, AND MAY 1, 1858.
  • MINUTES OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF A SPECIAL MEETING OF THE FIFTEENTH AMERICAN CONVENTION FOR PROMOTING THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY, AND IMPROVING THE CONDITION OF THE AFRICAN RACE, ASSEMBLED AT PHILADELPHIA, ON THE TENTH DAY OF DECEMBER, 1818, AND CONTINUED BY ADJOURNMENTS UNTIL THE FIFTEENTH OF THE SAME MONTH, INCLUSIVE.
  • NARRATIVE OF THE LIFE OF FREDERICK DOUGLASS, AN AMERICAN SLAVE.
  • PERSONAL MEMOIR OF DANIEL DRAYTON, FOR FOUR YEARS AND FOUR MONTHS A PRISONER (FOR CHARITY’S SAKE) IN WASHINGTON JAIL. INCLUDING A NARRATIVE OF THE VOYAGE AND CAPTURE OF THE SCHOONER PEARL.
  • REMINISCENCES OF LEVI COFFIN, THE REPUTED PRESIDENT OF THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD; BEING A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LABORS OF A LIFETIME IN BEHALF OF THE SLAVE, WITH THE STORIES OF NUMEROUS FUGITIVES, WHO GAINED THEIR FREEDOM THROUGH HIS INSTRUMENTALITY, AND MANY OTHER INCIDENTS.
  • SIX MONTHS IN THE FEDERAL STATES. VOL. I.
  • SIX MONTHS IN THE FEDERAL STATES. VOL. II.
  • SPEECH OF EDW. STANLY, OF NORTH CAROLINA, ESTABLISHING PROOFS THAT THE ABOLITIONISTS ARE OPPOSED TO GEN. HARRISON, AND THAT GEN. HARRISON IS OPPOSED TO THEIR “UNCONSTITUTIONAL EFFORTS.”.
  • SPEECH OF HON. HENRY WILSON, OF MASS.,.
  • SPEECH OF JOHN P. HALE, OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, ON THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. DELIVERED IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES, MARCH 18, 1862.
  • THE AMERICAN NATION: A HISTORY VOLUME 16; SLAVERY AND ABOLITION 1831-1841.
  • THE CHARACTER AND INFLUENCE OF ABOLITIONISM. A SERMON PREACHED IN THE FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, BROOKLYN, ON SABBATH EVENING, DEC. 9TH, 1860,.
  • THE MARTYR AGE OF THE UNITED STATES.
  • TRIAL AND IMPRISONMENT OF JONATHAN WALKER, AT PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, FOR AIDING SLAVES TO ESCAPE FROM BONDAGE. WITH AN APPENDIX, CONTAINING A SKETCH OF HIS LIFE.

About this Collection

Compiled by the Abraham Lincoln Memorial Library in Springfield, Illinois this unique collection brings together a disparate group of abolitionist era reference materials. Ranging from memoirs to speeches, biographies to essays, sermons to proceedings minutes, these publications provide the user an intimate insight into the social, political and religious natures of these contentious times.

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Bridget Bishop Hanged at Salem’s Gallows Hill

On June 10, 1692, Bridget Bishop was hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for “certaine Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries”. Bridget Bishop was the first person executed for witchcraft during the Salem witch trials in 1692.

From June through September of 1692, nineteen men and women, all having been convicted of witchcraft, were carted to Gallows Hill, a barren slope near Salem Village, for hanging. Another man of over eighty years was pressed to death under heavy stones for refusing to submit to a trial on witchcraft charges. Hundreds of others faced accusations of witchcraft; dozens languished in jail for months without trials until the hysteria that swept through Puritan Massachusetts subsided. (Source)

Like most things of magnitude, the Salem Witchcraft had its beginnings in small things— in so small a thing, indeed, as a circle of young girls meeting together, on winter evenings, at each other’s houses, to practice palmistry and such sleight-of-hand as parlor-magic had then attained. Perhaps it was as remarkable a thing as any in the whole occurrences that such meetings were countenanced at all in that place of the Puritan, and more remarkable still, that no connection was suspected between these meetings and the subsequent antics. These young girls were ten in number; three of them were servants, and two of these are believed to have acted from malicious motives against the families where they were employed, one of them afterward admitting that she did so; and Mary Warren’s guilt, as capital witness securing the execution of seven innocent persons, being—unless we accept the hypothesis of spiritualism—as evident as it is black and damning. In addition to these there were the negro-slaves of Mr. Parris, the minister, in whose household all the first disturbances made their appearance, Tituba and her husband.

The town still preserves a few relics of its memorable past; the House of the Seven Gables was standing there a little while ago, together with the Townsend-Bishop house, famous for its share in the old witchcraft transactions, and the Corwin house, at the corner of North and Essex streets, where the Grand Jury sat upon those transactions. There are some handsome churches and public buildings of more modern date, and a stone Court-house, together with a fine Registry of Deeds. There is an interest attaching to this latter structure, not altogether archaeological though concerning itself with antiquities, but an interest in one of the darkest problems ever presented by human nature; for here are kept such documents as have been preserved from the witchcraft days, and among them the death-warrant of Bridget Bishop . Very few indeed are these papers; for, when the frenzy of the period began to subside, those “Salem Gentlemen” who petitioned the Government to grant no reprieve to Rebecca Nurse, a woman who had lived nearly eighty years of a saintly life, were over-taken by remorse and shame, and hastened to do away with all remembrance of their recent action, exhibiting a better sense of the fitness of things than their descendants do who to-day display in a sealed vial a dozen bent and verdigrised and rusty pins purporting to be the identical ones with which their forefathers plagued the witches; albeit, it is said, the fashion of these pins was not known at the time when those poor wretches were tormented.

Source: Frank Leslie’s Weekly, January 28, 1871

Frank Leslie’s Weekly, founded in 1855 and continued until 1922, was an American illustrated news publication started by publisher and illustrator Frank Leslie. While only 30 copies of the first edition were printed, by 1897 its circulation had grown to an estimated 65,000 copies.

About Bridget Bishop

Bridget Bishop

Bridget Bishop

Bridget Bishop, “a singular character, not easily described,” was born sometime between 1632 and 1637. Bishop married three times. Her third and final marriage, after the deaths of her first two husbands, was to Edward Bishop, who was employed as a “sawyer” (lumber worker). She appears to have had no children in any of her marriages.

Although Bishop had been accused by more individuals of witchcraft than any other witchcraft defendant (many of the accusations were markedly vehement and vicious), it was not so much her “sundry acts of witchcraft” that caused her to be the first witch hanged in Salem, as it was her flamboyant life style and exotic manner of dress. Despite being a member of Mr. Hale’s Church in Beverly (she remained a member in good standing until her death), Bishop often kept the gossip mill busy with stories of her publicly fighting with her various husbands, entertaining guests in home until late in the night, drinking and playing the forbidden game of shovel board, and being the mistress of two thriving taverns in town. Some even went so far as to say that Bishop’s “dubious moral character” and shameful conduct caused, “discord [to] arise in other familes, and young people were in danger of corruption.” Bishop’s blatant disregard for the respected standards of puritan society made her a prime target for accusations of witchcraft.

Source: The Bridget Bishop page at Salem Witchcraft Trials 1692.

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Negro Color Lines: More Truth Than Fiction

To the Editor of LESLIE’S WEEKLY:

The article appearing in the March 11 issue of your magazine entitled “The Negro Color Lines” tempts me, a colored man myself, to take pen in hand and acknowledge that the article no doubt contains more truth than fiction.

The colors black and white considered abstractly are negative colors, neither one of which has any inherent superiority over the other. Through a concatenation of circumstances, black represents an enslaved and white a master class. A servile race is always a despised people; a logical consequence is to create an aversion to black, not on its own account but solely because it represents the visible badge of personal degradation. Caste distinctions and social prejudices are pronounced factors among all civilized peoples, and I see nothing alarmingly strange in that the Negro race should also have their social barriers.

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Join us at ALA Annual 2015!

AC15_WereExhibitingWe hope to see you in the exhibit hall at ALA’s Annual Conference and Exhibition in San Francisco later this month.  You can find us in the Exhibit Hall at booth number 2107 in the Moscone Center’s South Hall  near the Post Office and the What’s Cooking @ ALA Stage.

With hundreds of exhibiting organizations and stages featuring the hottest authors, and numerous related fun events, the exhibit floor is an integral part of your learning, professional development, and networking that takes place at the conference. The Exhibit Hall offers you the opportunity to explore and discuss with expert vendors the breadth and depth of new and favorite library products, services, books, online services, tools, and technologies.

ALA Annual 2015 map

Find us at booth #2107 in the South Hall

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Story of Inyo 1

A Look Inside: The Story of Inyo

The Story of Inyo can be found in the California section of our American County Histories: The West. This book was compiled by Willie Arthur Chalfant (1868-1943) and dedicated to Pleasant Arthur Chalfant.

Story of Inyo Dedication

Story of Inyo Dedication

From the Foreword to the First Edition

California has furnished probably more themes for books than has any other American State. The easy-going romantic years of Mexican rule, the padres, the Argonauts, the golden era, the wonders of this Empire of the West, have had generous attention from both masters and amateurs in prose and poetry, fact and fiction. The flood of writing hardly diminishes, for magazine literature and still more books add to it month by month.

This book’s purpose is to preserve, particularly, the record of Inyo County earlier than 1870, when a printed record began. Gathering data for some such purpose began more than twenty years ago, while many of the pioneers still lived. It was the author’s good fortune to know personally every early-day Inyoite then in the county. All narratives were checked and rechecked with each other and with other sources of information.

One of the most valuable sources of information was an extensive manuscript collection in the private library of Henry G. Hanks, in San Francisco. Mr. Hanks was an assayer in San Carlos and Chrysopolis mining camps, Owens Valley, in 1863. In later years he became State Mineralogist of California. He was a man of education, and when age caused his retirement from active labors his library received his whole attention. His interest in Owens Valley continuing, he kept and arranged many letters, diaries and other writings relating to this county’s history.

Everyone who took any prominent part in the Indian war has passed on. The Hanks library was burned in the fire of 1906. As those sources of information are thus forever lost, there is some justification in believing that a service was done in getting what they had to impart; and also, that these chronicles, having that advantage, give the only fairly complete record of the county’s beginnings that can be compiled.

Story of Inyo - Settlement Map

Story of Inyo – Settlement Map

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