Recollections of my Army Life by Martha Summerhayes (1908)

8 New County History Titles are Searchable

Our American County History expansion work is going strong. This month we have eight more volumes online with full-text search available. These new titles are from Arizona, Arkansas, New Mexico, and Texas.

The Browse and/or Search links below are for visitors on networks with institutional access to this collection. Individuals with personal subscriptions must login at to access the Browse and Search features.

  • ArizonaHistory of Arizona Territory Showing its Resources and Advantages; with Illustrations Descriptive of its Scenery, Residences, Farms, Mines, Mills, Hotels, Business Houses, Schools, Churches, etc… from Original Drawings [Browse]
  • ArizonaVanished Arizona: Recollections of my Army Life by Martha Summerhayes [Browse]
  • Arizona Preliminary Account of an Expedition to the Cliff Villages of the Red Rock Country, and the Tusayan Ruins of Sikyatki and Awatobi Arizona, in 1895 [Browse]
  • ArizonaMormon Settlement in Arizona: A Record of Peaceful Conquest of the Desert [Browse]
  • Arkansas A Reminiscent History of the Ozark Region: Comprising a Condensed General History, a Brief Descriptive History of Each County, and Numerous Biographical Sketches of Prominent Citizens of Such Counties [Browse]
  • New MexicoA Handbook of the Resources, Products, Industries and Climate of New Mexico [Browse]
  • New MexicoThe Spanish Archives of New Mexico – Volume One [Browse]
  • TexasHistory of Texas – Volume 2 [Browse]

The full-text search capability of the American County Histories database permits the student/researcher to explore all the publications of a particular county by using a single query. In addition, those wishing to read or browse the text on a page by page basis may do so in the original format merely by scrolling down the screen and then continuing to the next chapter.

Vanished ArizonaRecollections of my Army Life by Martha Summerhayes (1908)

Posted by Accessible Archives on Saturday, September 12, 2015

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A Slave’s Allegiance to America

In discussing the indictment of colored men involved in the fatal conflict between escaped slaves and slave hunters at Christiana, the Frederick Douglass Paper said:

The basis of allegiance is protection. We owe allegiance to the government that protects us, but to the government that destroys us, we owe no allegiance. The only law which the alleged slave has a right to know anything about, is the law of nature. This is his only law.

The enactments of this government do not recognize him as a citizen, but as a thing. In the light of the law, a slave can no more commit treason than a horse or an ox can commit treason. A horse kicks out the brains of his master. Do you try the horse for treason? Then why the slave who does the same thing? You answer, because the slave is a man, and he is therefore responsible for his acts. The answer is sound.

The slave is a man, and ought not to be treated like a horse, but like a man, and his manhood is his justification for shooting down any creature who shall attempt to reduce him to the condition of a brute.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s African American Newspapers Collection. This enormous collection of African American newspapers contains a wealth of information about cultural life and history during the 1800s and is rich with first-hand reports of the major events and issues of the day.

Source: Frederick Douglass Paper, September 25, 1851, “Freedom’s Battle at Christiana

Image Details: African-Americans firing on slave-catchers at the home of William Parker, near Christiana, Pa., 11 Sept. 1851; slave-hunters Edward Gorsuch and his son Dickerson, of Baltimore Co., Md., were killed and wounded. Illustration from William Stiles  Underground Railroad, published in 1872.

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The Liberator: A Race for Liberty

William Lloyd Garrison’s The Liberator was a weekly abolitionist newspaper published in Boston. The paper held true to the founder’s ideals. Garrison was a journalistic crusader who advocated the immediate emancipation of all slaves and gained a national reputation for being one of the most radical of American abolitionists.

A Race for Liberty

ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD — ‘Ranaway from the subscriber, living in Washington City, on the 1st day of June, a Negro man, named Vincent Scoot. He is twenty-one years old, five feet, six or eight inches high, straight and well formed; he is an excellent house servant, carriage driver, and ostler; he acted as a waiter to my son Lieut. Henry Stewart, five years, in the Western army. He has a scar on his right arm, near the elbow, and about two and a half inches in length, and half an inch wide.’

— A Southern Paper

The above scar was no doubt received in rescuing his master from death, or fighting in defense of his country’s liberties, who, with five years’ campaign, together with shedding his blood in sustaining the independence of his county, is denied the pleasure of running away to enjoy it, while the humane master, instead of rewarding him for his services— offers a reward for his apprehension as a slave. The above sketch, delineated by a skillful hand, would make a beautiful frontispiece to the literary works of every American writer of taste.

— African Sentinel

Source:  The Liberator, May 7, 1831

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How to Make Beautiful Homes (1865)

The greater part of our population are waiting till they can afford to have pleasant homes, forgetting that they can at no time afford to have any other. We take the color of our daily surroundings, and are happier, more amiable, stronger to labor and firmer to endure, when those surroundings are pleasing and in good taste. To possess these important qualities they need not be expensive. True beauty is cheaper than we think.

"Our native grape. Grapes and their culture. Also descriptive list of old and new varieties" (1893)

“Our native grape. Grapes and their culture. Also descriptive list of old and new varieties” (1893)

The first charm of a home, within and without, is thorough neatness, and this is the result of habit, not outlay. It is oftener cheaper than filth. Paint the house if you can; if not, whitewash: but in any case let it be in thorough repair.

Let there be no loose shingles or dangling clapboards, or gates hanging by a broken hinge. These hints favor thrift as well as taste.

Let the house be sufficiently shaded. This will pay in comfort, wear of furniture, and lack of flies. If you cannot afford green blinds, you can always afford a green tree or two, that costs nothing but labor and patience, and will shelter you from the sun in summer and the wind in winter.

Let your turf be smooth and firm as velvet, and enforce the death penalty upon weeds with an unsparing hand. No man, rich or poor, can afford to raise weeds. They choose the richest spots, where flowers, or fruit, or vegetables might grow, and send abroad their seeds as missionaries of evil into every nook and corner.

Godey’s Lady’s Book— Louis Antoine Godey began publishing Godey’s Lady’s Book in 1830. He designed his monthly magazine specifically to attract the growing audience of literate American women. The magazine was intended to entertain, inform, and educate the women of America.


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Alaska’s Remarkable Judge (1901)

The Federal judicial officer who probably has the largest territorial jurisdiction is Andrew J. Balliett, United States Court Commissioner of Rampart Precinct, Alaska. Mr. Balliett is a recent graduate of Yale and was a member of the foot-ball team and crew, is a Pennsylvanian by birth and went to Alaska from Seattle, where he practiced law.

His district is from Griffin Point on the Arctic Ocean west to the 155th meridian, south to the divide between the Kuskokivim and Yukon rivers, then along the Alaskan Alps’ summits to the Delta River, and then northeast to Point Griffin. He covers over 150,000 square miles in his district.

Frank Leslie’s Weekly, published from 1855 to 1922, was an American illustrated news publication started by publisher and illustrator Frank Leslie. While only 30 copies of the first edition were printed, by 1897 its circulation had grown to an estimated 65,000 copies.
His functions are like those of “Pooh Bah.” He not only has the regular duties of a court commissioner, which are in themselves multifarious, but he acts as justice of the peace, judge of probate, and recorder of all the mining claims in his district.


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