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A Look Inside: The Indians of the Pike’s Peak Region

Irving Howbert’s book, The Indians of the Pike’s Peak Region was reissued long after his death with a very special addition. That is the wonderful foldout print of the Indians seen, in part, above. This picture was taken by Clarence Coil, of Colorado Springs. The original print hangs over the door in the office of Mr. Floyd Brunson, operator of Stewarts Commercial Photographers, Inc.

When the picture was taken, circa 1913, most of the people in the lineup were well known to the citizens of the Pike’s Peak region. While this photograph is not particularly germane to the text of this book, it is very germane to the time the book was written. Scenes like the one pictured do not occur any more except around a movie studio. This picture is completely authentic, and hence, we think, of interest to any student of American history. A high resolution version of the image can be seen here. The end of this post contains a key to identifying the known individuals in the photograph.

This volume can be found in our American County Histories: Colorado.

Introduction

For the most part this book is intentionally local in its character. As its title implies, it relates principally to the Indian tribes that have occupied the region around Pike’s Peak during historic times.

The history, habits, and customs of the American Indian have always been interesting subjects to me. From early childhood, I read everything within my reach dealing with the various tribes of the United States and Mexico. In 1860, when I was fourteen years of age, I crossed the plains between the Missouri River and the Rocky Mountains twice, and again in 1861, 1865, and 1866; each time by ox- or horse-team, there being no other means of conveyance. At that time there were few railroads west of the Mississippi River and none west of the Missouri. On each of these trips I came more or less into contact with the Indians, and during my residence in Colorado from 1860 to the present time, by observation and by study, I have become more or less familiar with all the tribes of this Western country.

From 1864 to 1868, the Indians of the plains were hostile to the whites; this resulted in many tragic happenings in that part of the Pike’s Peak region embracing El Paso and its adjoining counties, as well as elsewhere in the Territory of Colorado. I then lived in Colorado City, in El Paso County, and took an active part in the defense of the settlements during all the Indian troubles in that section. I mention these facts merely to show that I am not unfamiliar with the subject about which I am writing. My main object in publishing this book is to make a permanent record of the principal events of that time.

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The Exaltation of Old Ben Franklin

Benjamin Franklin’s The Pennsylvania Gazette (1728 – 1800) is available to Accessible Archives subscribers. The Pennsylvania Gazette Collection, while almost completely composed of articles from The Pennsylvania Gazette, also contains approximately 2900 articles from the publication the Pennsylvania Packet and a dozen or so articles from the Maryland Gazette.

Ben Franklin

Benjamin Franklin - né à Boston dans la Nouvelle Angleterre, le 17 Janvier 1706

Benjamin Franklin – né à Boston dans la Nouvelle Angleterre, le 17 Janvier 1706

Of all the men who were the offspring of the mighty events which preceded the Revolution–men who stand out among their compeers of the seventeenth century as do the lofty monuments of Palmyra above the surrounding level–Ben Franklin, save Washington, becomes more and more appreciated by time–more distinctive as the representation of his age–more mighty as the great embodiment of the self-made republican man. The sword has ever been, poetry to the contrary, mightier than the pen. Our race is too evil, too destructive, to love and admire the victor who wins his laurels in the pursuits of peace and not amid the carnage of the battle-field. But old Ben Franklin, whose name we abbreviate when we mention it, from the same gushing affection we do those of our cherished “little ones,” holds his absorbing place in our affections, in spite of the clarion trumpet of war, in spite of the emblazoned glory of the conqueror; and we turn from bloody heroes who have fascinated us, to revel with equal yet more holy delight in the peaceful triumphs of the humble printer’s boy. It is no wonder that Boston, the cradle of liberty and historic revolutionary associations, honors his memory. That the capital of the old commonwealth gave him birth is as proud a heritage as that she encircles within her limits Fanueil Hall and the mighty heart of Bunker Hill.

In the excitement of the present hour, when the pursuit of material wealth, and the commercial prosperity of our people, lead us to forget the throes of the past which preceded our matured birth–when we look coldly upon the sufferings of Valley Forge, and forget the examples of patience and forbearance which characterized our revolutionary fathers–when we become regardless of the sentiments of Jefferson–the benign preaching of Madison, and even often indifferent to the dying words of the great “father of his country”–the power of Franklin loses not its hold upon the popular mind, for, while he is as mighty as the greatest in execution, he is more sympathised with than any of his compeers, because he reached the masses through a sublimer simplicity than any other human being ever possessed, and prepared the way for the affectionate admiration of posterity, by never losing sight of the humbler necessities of life, by never sacrificing realities to the more enchanting and easier gathered fruits of imaginary good.

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produce-wagon

Market Gardeners in 1889

The short item below appeared in the April 18, 1889 issue of The Christian Recorder.

The Christian Recorder embodied secular as well as religious material, and included good coverage of the black regiments together with the major incidents of the Civil War. The four-page weekly contained such departments as Religious Intelligence, Domestic News, General Items, Foreign News, Obituaries, Marriages, Notices and Advertisements.  This newspaper is included in our African American Newspapers collection and all personal subscribers have access to this material.

While America’s modern food industry has gone high tech and produce is sourced globally, remnants of the system described here lingered on well into the 20th century.  The image above was taken in 1960.

Market Gardeners

The number of market wagons that come over from New Jersey and Long Island during the evening is exceedingly large. In order to get an idea of their traffic one has only to think of the enormous amount of vegetables, fruit, eggs and garden produce that is used every day to feed a great city like New York.

At midnight or before a start is made from the outskirts of the neighboring towns on either shore, and from that time until a few hours of daybreak the ferry boats and ferry houses are alive with wagons and carts . The horses know their duties so well that driving is scarcely necessary, and it is not an uncommon sight to see a horse pulling a cart on which is seated some old farmer quite fast asleep.

As soon as they get into town they steer for the various markets along the North River and sit on their wagons wrapped up in blankets until dawn, or until purchasers come along to buy their wares. There is considerable competition among the farmers for favorable places in which to stand their carts , and late arrivals are not so fortunate in their sales as are those who get into town earlier.

The life of a Long Island or New Jersey farmer is not altogether a happy one. He works in the field all day, and has to depend for whatever sleep he can get during the interval of his arrival in the city and 5 or 6 o’clock in the evening.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s African American Newspapers Collection. This enormous collection of African American newspapers contains a wealth of information about cultural life and history during the 1800s and is rich with first-hand reports of the major events and issues of the day.

Source: The Christian Recorder, April 18, 1889

Photo: Produce vendor with his horse-drawn cart at Washington Market, New York City, 1960

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working-women

A Workingwomen’s Association

From the N. Y. Times.

A MEETING of ladies was held Thursday, Sept. 17, at noon, in the office of “The Revolution” newspaper, 37 Park Row, for the purpose of organizing an association of workingwomen, which might act for the interests of its members, in the same manner as the associations of working men now regulate the wages, etc., of those belonging to them. Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Miss Susan B. Anthony wore present, together with Mrs. Macdonald, a Woman Suffrage advocate from Mount Vernon, and a number of other ladies, conspicuous among whom were several still in girlhood, and of unusual comeliness and intelligence.

Miss Anthony stated the object of the meeting to be an organization of workingwomen into an association for the purpose of doing everything possible to elevate women, and raise the value of their labor.

Mrs. Stanton thought it better to organize a Woman’s Suffrage Association, with the view of obtaining the ballot. That was at the bottom of all reforms for the material welfare of women, and no improved wages, or recognition of woman’s right to follow such professions as she chose, could be obtained until she possessed political power, and compelled men to fear her influence. No disfranchised class has power. The negroes of Massachusetts, once despised, finally obtained the ballot The result has been that they have entered the Legislature of that State, and done honor to their positions. They are admitted to the bar and to medicine, and are, in general, educated and respected citizens. Many women say they do not want to vote, but they will never obtain their rights until they do. At a meeting of workingmen, twenty years ago, in England, a speaker told the assemblage they needed the ballot. They hooted at him, and said they wanted only bread. They now feel the ballot to be their salvation.

Miss Anthony said that through the twenty years that Mrs. Stanton and herself had been agitating the Female Suffrage question, the mass of women had been unable to see what good voting would do them. They wanted equal wages with men, but did not realize that the ballot would aid them in their desire.

Miss Anthony playfully remarked that, contrary to established usage, the organization had taken place when the meeting was half over. She suggested that the meeting should imagine its occurrence as preliminary to the speeches. She then proposed that a name for the Association should be decided on.

Mrs. Stanton thought it should be called the Working Women’s Suffrage Association.

Source: The Revolution 1868-12-24

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s Newspapers Collection. We can provide access to fully searchable newspapers by and for women including The Lily, The Revolution, and the National Citizen and Ballot Box.

Image: Rhodes Mfg. Co., Lincolnton, N.C. National Child Labor Committee. No. 282. Girl on left said she was 10 years old and been in mill a long time more than a year. Spinner girl on right said she was 12 years. Location: Lincolnton, North Carolina.

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A Confederate Thanksgiving

Today, the people of this broad Confederacy are called upon to unite in grateful homage to Almighty God, for the splendid triumphs, with which, under His providence, our arms have everywhere been crowned. Never, in the course of the long and unending struggle between Might and Right, has the Divine favor been more signally shown towards the cause of justice, than in the recent events of the contest between the North and the South.

For months a selfish and unsympathizing world has looked on, amazed at the obstinacy and success with which a brave people, thinly scattered over a vast extent of territory, ill supplied with most of the mechanical resources for warm and cut off from all intercourse with the rest of mankind, have resisted the overwhelming odds brought against them, for the subjugation and ruin of their country.

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