Alabama County Histories
Alabama was admitted to the Union in 1819 as the 22nd state. Part of the frontier in the 1820s and 1830s, its constitution provided for universal suffrage for white men. Settlers rapidly arrived to take advantage of the fertile soil. Southeastern planters and traders from the Upper South brought slaves with them as the cotton plantations expanded.
The economy of the central “Black Belt” (named for its dark, productive soil) was built around large cotton plantations whose owners’ wealth grew largely from slave labor. The area also drew many poor, disfranchised people who became subsistence farmers. The 1860 census records show that enslaved Africans comprised 45% of the state’s total population of 964,201. There were only 2,690 free persons of color living in Alabama at the time.
From 1826 to 1846, Tuscaloosa served as the capital of Alabama. On January 30, 1846, the Alabama legislature announced that it had voted to remove the capital city from Tuscaloosa to Montgomery. The first legislative session in the new capital met in December 1847.
- REV. T. H. BALL, A.M, A GLANCE INTO THE GREAT SOUTH-EAST, OR, CLARKE COUNTY, ALABAMA, AND ITS SURROUNDINGS, FROM 1540 TO 1877. 1882
- W. BREWER, ALABAMA: HER HISTORY, RESOURCES, WAR RECORD, AND PUBLIC MEN. FROM 1540 TO 1872., BARRETT BROWN, STEAM PRINTERS AND BOOK BINDERS, 1872
- PETER J. HAMILTON, A. M., COLONIAL MOBILE., HOUGHTON MIFFLIN COMPANY THE RIDERSIDE PRESS, CAMBRIDGE, 1910
- COL. JAMES EDMONDS SAUNDERS, EARLY SETTLERS OF ALABAMA.
- THOMAS MCADORY OWEN, LL.D, HISTORY OF ALABAMA AND DICTIONARY OF ALABAMA BIOGRAPHY., THE S. J. CLARKE PUBLISHING COMPANY, 1921
- HISTORY OF ALABAMA AND DICTIONARY OF ALABAMA BIOGRAPHY, VOLUME 4 1921
- JOHN SIMPSON GRAHAM, HISTORY OF CLARKE COUNTY., PRESS OF BIRMINGHAM PRINTING COMPANY, 1923
- REV. B. F. RILEY, HISTORY OF CONECUH COUNTY, ALABAMA., THOS. GILBERT, STEAM PRINTER AND BOOK-BINDER, 1881
- JEFFERSON COUNTY AND BIRMINGHAM ALABAMA – HISTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL., TEEPLE & SMITH, PUBLISHERS, 1887
- MEMORIAL RECORD OF ALABAMA – VOLUME I., BRANT & FULLER, 1893
- MEMORIAL RECORD OF ALABAMA – VOLUME II., BRANT & FULLER, 1893
- NORTHERN ALABAMA, HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL 1888, 1888
- RECORDS OF PICKENS COUNTY, ALABAMA VOLUME 1 1900, 1900
- THOMAS M. OWEN, REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS IN ALABAMA.
- JOHN BUCKNER LITTLE, B. A., THE HISTORY OF BUTLER COUNTY, ALABAMA, FROM 1815 TO 1885., ELM ST. PRINTING CO, NOS 176 & 178 ELM ST, 1885