Maine County Histories

Maine is in the New England region of the northeastern United States, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and south, New Hampshire to the west, and the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the northwest and New Brunswick to the northeast. Maine is both the northernmost and easternmost portion of New England.

Flag of MaineThe original inhabitants of the territory that is now Maine were Algonquian-speaking peoples. The first European settlement in Maine was in 1604 on Saint Croix Island, by Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons. The first English settlement in Maine, the short-lived Popham Colony, was established by the Plymouth Company in 1607.

Prior to being granted statehood in 1820, Maine was officially part of Massachusetts and was called the District of Maine. Nine of its sixteen counties had their borders defined while Maine was still part of Massachusetts, and thus are older than the state itself. Even after 1820, the exact location of the northern border of Maine was disputed with Britain, until the question was settled and the northern counties took their final official form by treaty in 1845. Maine’s county names derive from a mix of British, American and Native American sources, reflecting Maine’s pre-colonial, colonial and national heritage.

Collection Details

  1. BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW VOLUME XX CONTAINING LIFE SKETCHES OF LEADING CITIZENS OF SAGADAHOC, LINCOLN, KNOX, AND WALDO COUNTIES MAINE. , BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW PUBLISHING COMPANY, 1897
  2. GEORGIA DREW MERRILL, EDITOR, HISTORY OF ANDROSCOGGIN COUNTY, MAINE. , W. A. FERGUSSON & CO, 1891
  3. HISTORY OF CUMBERLAND CO., MAINE. , EVERTS & PECK, 1880
  4. HISTORY OF PENOBSCOT COUNTY MAINE, WITH ILLUSTRATIONS AND BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. , WILLIAMS, CHASE & CO, 1882
  5. HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY, MAINE. , EVERTS & PECK, 1880
  6. HENRY D. KINGSBURY AND SIMEON L. DEYO, EDITORS, ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OF KENNEBEC COUNTY MAINE. , H. W. BLAKE & COMPANY 94 READE ST, 1892