New Hampshire County Histories

New Hampshire is in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north.

Flag of New HampshireIt became the first post-colonial sovereign nation in the Americas when it broke off from Great Britain in January 1776, and was one of the original thirteen states that founded the United States of America six months later. In June 1788, it became the ninth state to ratify the United States Constitution, bringing that document into effect. New Hampshire was the first U.S. state to have its own state constitution.

New Hampshire has 10 counties, five of which were created in 1769 when New Hampshire was still an English colony. The last counties were created in 1840. The majority were named for prominent British or American people or geographic locations and features. Only one county’s name originates in a Native American language; Coos County is named for a Native American word meaning crooked and refers to a bend in the Connecticut River. The counties tend to be smaller in land area towards the more heavily populated southern end of the state and larger in the less populous north.

Collection Details

  1. Hazlett, Charles, History of Rockingham County, New Hampshire and Representative Citizens. Richmond-Arnold, 1915. 1,306 pp.
  2. Hurd, Hamilton D., Editor, History of Cheshire and Sullivan Counties, New Hampshire. (2 vols.) J.W. Lewis, 1886. 995 pp.
  3. Biographical Review. . . : containing life sketches of leading citizens of Cheshire and Hillsboro Counties, New Hampshire. Biographical Review Pub. Co., 1897. 481 pp.
  4. History of Rockingham and Strafford counties, New Hampshire, with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men. J. Lewis & Co., 1882. 890 pp.
  5. History of Merrimac & Belknap Counties. 1885. 915 pp.
  6. History of Carroll County. 1889. 984 pp.
  7. Child, H., Editor, Gazetteer of Grafton County (1709-1886). 1886. 1,024 pp.
  8. History of Coos County. 1888. 956 pp.