North Carolina County Histories

The Province of North Carolina developed distinctly from South Carolina almost from the beginning. In the 1650s and 1660s, settlers (mostly British) moved south from Virginia, in addition to runaway servants and fur trappers. They settled chiefly in the Albemarle Borderlands region.

Flag of North CarolinaIn 1665, a second charter was issued to attempt to resolve territorial questions. In 1710, due to disputes over governance, the Carolina colony began to split into North Carolina and South Carolina. The latter became a crown colony in 1729. There were only about 5,000 settlers in 1700 and 11,000 in 1715. While mostly British, the settlers included a few African slaves and a colony at New Bern composed of Swiss and German settlers.

Growth was strong in the middle of the 18th century, as the economy attracted Scotch-Irish, Quaker, English and German immigrants. The colonists supported the American Revolution, as the Loyalists were weak. North Carolina made the smallest per-capita contribution to the war of any state, as only 7800 men joined the Continental Army under General George Washington.

On April 12, 1776, the colony became the first to instruct its delegates to the Continental Congress to vote for independence from the British crown.

Collection Details

  1. EVELYN G. WATERS, 1880 FEDERAL CENSUS OF ASHE COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA. , HIGGINSON BOOK COMPANY, 1992
  2. DR. C.D. SMITH, A BRIEF HISTORY OF MACON COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA. , FRANKLIN PRESS PRINT, 1891
  3. SIDNEY D. STEFFEY, A BRIEF HISTORY OF ST. JOHN’S EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH OF CABARRUS COUNTY. FROM ITS EARLIEST SETTLEMENT TO THE PRESENT TIME, TIMES STEAM BOOK AND JOB PRESSES, 1899
  4. DAVID I. CRAIG, A HISTORICAL SKETCH OF NEW HOPE CHURCH, 1891
  5. ALFRED MOORE WADDELL, A HISTORY OF NEW HANOVER COUNTY AND THE LOWER CAPE FEAR REGION. ,
  6. REV. JETHRO RUMPLE, A HISTORY OF ROWAN COUNTY NORTH CAROLINA CONTAINING SKETCHES OF PROMINENT FAMILIES AND DISTINGUISHED MEN WITH AN APPENDIX. , J. J. BRUNER, 1881
  7. RUMPLE, JETHRO AND DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. ELIZABETH MAXWELL STEELE CHAPTER (SALISBURY, N.C.), A HISTORY OF ROWAN COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA:. , 1916
  8. JOHN PRESTON ARTHUR, A HISTORY OF WATAUGA COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA. WITH SKETCHES OF PROMINENT FAMILIES, EVERETT WADDEY CO, 1915
  9. F.A. FONDLEY, ASHEVILLE AND BUNCOMBE COUNTY,
  10. F. A. SONDLEY, LL. D, ASHEVILLE AND BUNCOMBE COUNTY & GENESIS OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. , THE CITIZEN COMPANY, 1922
  11. REV. JACOB CALVIN LEONARD, D.D, CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF DAVIDSON COUNTY NORTH CAROLINA. , EDWARDS & BROUGHTON COMPANY, 1927
  12. W. C. ALLEN. AUTHOR CHILDS HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA, NORTH CAROLINA HISTORY STORIES, WHIGS AND TORIES, ETC, CENTENNIAL OF HAYWOOD COUNTY AND ITS COUNTY SEAT, WAYNESVILLE, NORTH CAROLINA. , COURIER PRINTING COMPANY
  13. JULIA M. ALEXANDER, CHARLOTTE IN PICTURE AND PROSE: A HISTORICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE SKETCH OF CHARLOTTE, NORTH CAROLINA, WITH ILLUSTRATIONS OF PLACES OF INTEREST AND SCENES IN AND ABOUT CHARLOTTE, BLANCHARD PRESS, 1906
  14. DANIEL K. BENNETT, CHRONOLOGY OF NORTH CAROLINA, SHOWING WHEN THE MOST REMARKABLE EVENTS CONNECTED WITH HER HISTORY TOOK PLACE, FROM THE YEAR 1584 TO THE PRESENT TIME, WITH EXPLANATORY NOTES.,
  15. CYCLOPEDIA OF EMINENT AND REPRESENTATIVE MEN OF THE CAROLINAS OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY (2 VOLS.) (VOL 1) (TWO BOOKS FOR VOL 1), BRANT & FULLER, 1892
  16. CYCLOPEDIA OF EMINENT AND REPRESENTATIVE MEN OF THE CAROLINAS OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY (2 VOLS.) (VOL 2), BRANT & FULLER, 1892
  17. GASTON LICHTENSTEIN, EARLY HISTORY OF TARBORO, NORTH CAROLINA ALSO, COLLATED COLONIAL PUBLIC CLAIMS OF EDGECOMBE COUNTY, AND EASTER SUNDAY IN SAVANNAH, GA, JONES BOOK AND JOB PRINTER, 1908
  18. CARRIE MCLEAN, FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH, CHARLOTTE, 1832-1916, WASHBURN PRESS, 1917
  19. HARDEN E. TALIAFERRO, FISHER’S RIVER, NORTH CAROLINA: SCENES AND CHARACTER, HARPER, 1859
  20. ARAS B. COX, FOOT PRINTS ON THE SANDS OF TIME A HISTORY OF SOUTH-WESTERN VIRGINIA AND NORTH-WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA, STAR PUB. CO, 1900
  21. DR A. B COX, FOOT PRINTS…..ON THE SANDS OF TIME, A HISTORY OF…SOUTH-WESTERN VIRGINIA AND NORTH-WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA. , THE STAR PUB. CO, 1900
  22. BETTIE D. CALDWELL, FOUNDERS AND BUILDERS OF GREENSBORO 1808-1908. , JOS. J. STONE & COMPANY, 1925
  23. JAMES W. ALBRIGHT, GREENSBORO, 1808-1904, J.J. STONE, 1904
  24. MOSES N. AMIS OF THE RALEIGH BAR AUTHOR AMISS NORTH CAROLINA CRIMINAL CODE AND DIGEST, HISTORICAL RALEIGH (ENLARGED AND REVISED EDITION) WITH SKETCHES OF WAKE COUNTY (FROM 1771) AND ITS IMPORTANT TOWNS. , COMMERCIAL PRINTING COMPANY PRINTERS AND BINDERS, 1913
  25. MOSES N. AMIS , HISTORICAL RALEIGH FROM ITS FOUNDATION IN 1792: DESCRIPTIVE, BIOGRAPHICAL, EDUCATIONAL, INDUSTRIAL, RELIGIOUS, , 1902
  26. JOHN W. WHEELER, HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF NORTH CAROLINA, FROM 1584 TO 1851 , LIPPINCOTT GRAMBO AND CO., 1851
  27. JOHN CROUCH, HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF WILKES COUNTY. , THE CHRONICLE JOB OFFICE, 1902
  28. J. KELLY TURNER, HISTORY OF EDGECOMBE COUNTY NORTH CAROLINA. , EDWARDS & BROUGHTON PRINTING CO, 1920
  29. W. C. ALLEN SUPERINTENDENT WELDON PUBLIC SCHOOLS AUTHOR OF NORTH CAROLINA HISTORY STORIES A CHILDS HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF HAYWOOD COUNTY WHIGS AND TORIES, HISTORY OF HALIFAX COUNTY. , THE CORNHILL COMPANY
  30. SAMUEL A. ASHE, HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA, C. L. VAN NOPPEN, 1908
  31. JOHN W. MOORE, HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA FROM THE EARLIEST DISCOVERIES TO THE PRESENT TIME (2 VOLS.), WILLIAMS & CO, 1880
  32. HIRAM V. PAUL, HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF DURHAM, N. C. , EDWARDS, DROUGHTON & CO., STEAM PRINTERS AND BINDERS, 1884
  33. HOPE SUMMERELL CHAMBERLAIN, HISTORY OF WAKE COUNTY NORTH CAROLINA WITH SKETCHES OF THOSE WHO HAVE MOST INFLUENCED ITS DEVELOPMENT. , EDWARDS & BROUGHTON PRINTING COMPANY, 1922
  34. CHARLES L. COON, NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOLS AND ACADEMIES, 1790-1840 A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY, EDWARDS & BROUGHTON STATE PRINTERS AND BINDERS, 1915
  35. J.A. BLAIR, REMINISCENCES OF RANDOLPH COUNTY, REECE & ELAM BOOK AND JOB PRINTERS, 1890
  36. J. A. BLAIR, ASHEBORO, N. C, REMINISCENCES OF RANDOLPH COUNTY. , REECE & ELAM, BOOK AND JOB PRINTERS, 1890
  37. JOHN B. ALEXANDER, REMINISCENCES OF THE PAST SIXTY YEARS, BRAY CO, 1908
  38. RUTHERFORD COUNTY, ITS ESTABLISHMENT, EARLY HISTORY, TOPOGRAPHY, SOIL, PRODUCTS AND OTHER RESOURSES. ,
  39. STACK & BEASLEY, SKETCHES OF MONROE AND UNION COUNTY. , NEWS AND TIMES PRINT, 1902
  40. HENRY T. KING, SKETCHES OF PITT COUNTY A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE COUNTY. , EDWARDS & BROUGHTON PRINTING COMPANY PRINTERS AND BINDERS, 1911
  41. C. L. HUNTER,, SKETCHES OF WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA, HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL. ,
  42. C. L. HUNTER, MEMBER OF THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF NORTH CAROLINA AND MEMBER OF THE MECKLENBURG HISTORICAL SOCIETY, SKETCHES OF WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA, HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL. , THE RALEIGH NEWS STEAM JOB PRINT, 1877
  43. BENJ. B. WINBORNE. MURFREESBORO, N. C. AUTHOR OF THE WINBORNE FAMILY. AND THE HISTORICAL BRIEF OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, THE COLONIAL AND STATE POLITICAL HISTORY OF HERTFORD COUNTY, N. C. , EDWARDS & BROUGHTON, A. D. 1906
  44. MANLY WADE WELLMAN, THE COUNTY OF WARREN NORTH CAROLINA 1586-1917. , THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS
  45. SALLIE W. STOCKARD , THE HISTORY OF ALAMANCE, CAPITAL PRINT CO, 1900
  46. SALLIE W. STOCKARD, A. B. (1897, GUILFORD COLLEGE), A. B. (1898, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA), A. M. (1900, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA.), THE HISTORY OF GUILFORD COUNTY NORTH CAROLINA. , GAUT-OSDEN CO., PRINTERS AND BOOK BINDERS, 1969
  47. J. B. ALEXANDER, M. D., CHARLOTTE, N. C, THE HISTORY OF MECKLENBURG COUNTY FROM 1740 TO 1900. , OBSERVER PRINTING HOUSE, 1902
  48. FRANCOIS X. MARTIN, THE HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA, FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD (2 VOLS.) (VOL 1), PENNIMAN & CO., 1829
  49. FRANCOIS X. MARTIN, THE HISTORY OF NORTH CAROLINA, FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD (2 VOLS.) (VOL 2), PENNIMAN & CO., 1829
  50. JOHN DOUGLAS, THE HISTORY OF STEELE CREEK CHURCH, MECKLENBURG, PRESBYTERIAN PUB. HOUSE, 1872
  51. JOHN P. ARTHUR, WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA, A HISTORY (1730-1913). , EDWARD BUNCOMBE CHAPTER OF THE DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, 1914