Virginia County Histories

Several European expeditions, including a group of Spanish Jesuits, explored the Chesapeake Bay during the 16th century. In 1583, Queen Elizabeth I of England granted Walter Raleigh a charter to plant a colony north of Spanish Florida. In 1584, Raleigh sent an expedition to the Atlantic coast of North America. Initially the name “Virginia” applied to the entire coastal region from South Carolina to Maine, plus the island of Bermuda.

Flag of VirginiaThe London Company was incorporated as a joint stock company by the proprietary Charter of 1606, which granted land rights to this area. The Company financed the first permanent English settlement at Jamestown. Named for King James I, it was founded in May 1607 by Christopher Newport. In 1619, colonists took greater control with an elected legislature called the House of Burgesses. With the bankruptcy of the London Company in 1624, the settlement was taken into royal authority as a British crown colony.

Life in the colony was perilous, and many died during the “starving time” in 1609. By 1624, only 3,400 of the 6,000 early settlers had survived. However, European demand for tobacco fueled the arrival of more settlers and servants. The headright system tried to solve the labor shortage by providing colonists with land for each indentured servant they transported to Virginia. African workers were first imported in 1619, and their slavery was codified in 1654.

Collection Details

1653-1912 WESTMORELAND COUNTY VIRGINIA PARTS I AND II. , WHITTET & SHEPPERSON, PRINTERS, 1912

  1. JEAN GRAHAM MCALLISTER, A BRIEF HISTORY OF BATH COUNTY VIRGINIA. , PRESS OF THE MCCLURE CO., INC, 1920
  2. OREN F. MORTON, A CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF ALLEGHANY COUNTY VIRGINIA. , J. K. RUEBUSH COMPANY, 1923
  3. OREN F. MORTON, A CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF ALLEGHANY COUNTY, VIRGINIA, J. K. RUEBUSH CO, 1923
  4. SIR W.H. WILLIAM, A DISCOURSE AND VIEW OF VIRGINIA, 1914
  5. OREN F. MORTON, A HANDBOOK OF HIGHLAND COUNTY AND A SUPPLEMENT TO PENDLETON AND HIGHLAND HISTORY, HIGHLAND RECORDER, 1922
  6. PHILIP SLAUGHTER, A HISTORY OF BRISTOL PARISH, WITH A TRIBUTE TO THE MEMORY OF ITS OLDEST RECTOR., B. B. MINOR PUBLISHER, 1846
  7. MARSHALL WINGFIELD, A HISTORY OF CAROLINE COUNTY VIRGINIA. , 1924
  8. OREN F. MORTON, A HISTORY OF HIGHLAND COUNTY VIRGINIA. ,
  9. DAVID E. JOHNSTON, A HISTORY OF MIDDLE NEW RIVER SETTLEMENTS AND CONTIGUOUS TERRITORY, STANDARD PTG. & PUB. CO, 1906
  10. W. W. SCOTT, A HISTORY OF ORANGE COUNTY VIRGINIA. , , 1907
  11. BURRELL, CHARLES EDWARD, A HISTORY OF PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY, VIRGINIA, FROM ITS FORMATION IN 1753, TO THE PRESENT;. , GENERAL BOOKS
  12. BURRELL, CHARLES EDWARD, A HISTORY OF PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY, VIRGINIA, FROM ITS FORMATION IN 1753, TO THE PRESENT;. , GENERAL BOOKS, 2010,
  13. OREN F. MORTON, A HISTORY OF ROCKBRIDGE COUNTY VIRGINIA. , THE MCCLURE CO., INC, 1920
  14. JOHN W. WAYLAND, PH.D., A HISTORY OF ROCKINGHAM COUNTY VIRGINIA. , RUEBUSH-ELKINS COMPANY, 1912
  15. JOHN W. CAMPBELL, A HISTORY OF VIRGINIA FROM ITS DISCOVERY TILL THE YEAR 1781: WITH BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF ALL OF THE MOST DISTINGUISHED CHARACTERS, J. W. CAMPBELL & M. CAREY, 1813
  16. ALEXANDER STUART, A NARRATIVE OF THE LEADING INCIDENTS OF THE ORGANIZATION OF THE FIRST POPULAR MOVEMENT IN VIRGINIA IN 1865 TO RE-ESTABLISH PEACEFUL RELATIONS BETWEEN THE NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN STATES AND OF THE SUBSEQUENT EFFORTS OF THE “COMMITTEE OF NINE,” IN 1869, TO SECURE THE RESTORATION OF VIRGINIA TO THE UNION, W.E. JONES, 1888
  17. JOHN W. H. PORTER, A RECORD OF EVENTS IN NORFOLK COUNTY, VIRGINIA, FROM APRIL 19TH, 1861, TO MAY 10TH, 1862, WITH A HISTORY OF THE SOLDIERS AND SAILORS OF NORFOLK COUNTY, NORFOLK CITY AND PORTSMOUTH WHO SERVED IN THE CONFEDERATE STATES ARMY OR NAVY. , W. A. FISKE, PRINTER AND BOOKBINDER, 1892
  18. REV. EDGAR WOODS, ALBEMARLE COUNTY IN VIRGINIA.
  19. HON. LEGH R. WATTS, JUDGE OF THE COUNTY COURT OF NORFOLK COUNTY, AN ADDRESS EMBRACING A HISTORICAL SKETCH OF NORFOLK COUNTY,. , LANDMARK BOOK AND JOB OFFICE, 1876
  20. JOSEPH A. WADDELL, ANNALS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY, VIRGINIA, FROM 1726 TO 1871, W.E. JONES, 1886
  21. JOS. A. WADDELL. MEMBER OF THE VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY, ANNALS OF AUGUSTA COUNTY, VIRGINIA. , J. W. RANDOLPH & ENGLISH, PUBLISHERS, 1888
  22. OREN F. MORTON, B. LIT, ANNALS OF BATH COUNTY VIRGINIA.
  23. LEWIS W. BURTON, RECTOR OF ST JOHNS CHURCH, ANNALS OF HENRICO PARISH, DIOCESE OF VIRGINIA, AND ESPECIALLY OF ST. JOHN’S CHURCH, THE PRESENT MOTHER CHURCH OF THE PARISH, FROM 1611 TO 1884. , WILLIAMS PRINTING COMPANY, 1904
  24. JOHN NEWTON HARMAN, SR. TAZEWELL, VIRGINIA MEMBER VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY, ANNALS OF TAZEWELL COUNTY, VIRGINIA FROM 1800 TO 1922 – VOLUME I. 1922
  25. BEAUTIFUL THORNROSE. 1914
  26. HENRY HOWE, EXCERPT FROM HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS OF VIRGINIA; CONTAINING A COLLECTION OF THE MOST INTERESTING FACTS, TRADITIONS, BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES, ANECDOTES, &C. RELATING TO ITS HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES, TOGETHER WITH GEOGRAPHICAL AND STATISTICAL DESCRIPTIONS. TO WHICH IS APPENDED, AN HISTORICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE SKETCH OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. , BABCOCK & CO, 1845
  27. HENRY HOWE, EXCERPT FROM HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS OF VIRGINIA;. , BABCOCK & CO, 1845
  28. FAUQUIER COUNTY VIRGINIA – HISTORICAL NOTES. 1914
  29. DR. AMOS D. WOOD, FLOYD COUNTY: A HISTORY OF ITS PEOPLE AND PLACES. , COMMONWEALTH PRESS. INC. FIRST & BERKLEY RADFORD VIRGINIA 24141, 1981
  30. RALEIGH TRAVERS GREEN, GENEALOGICAL AND HISTORICAL NOTES ON CULPEPER COUNTY, VIRGINIA EMBRACING A REVISED AND ENLARGED EDITION OF DR. PHILIP SLAUGHTER’S HISTORY OF ST. MARK’S PARISH. , RALEIGH TRAVERS GREEN, 1900
  31. RALEIGH TRAVERS GREEN, GENEALOGICAL AND HISTORICAL NOTES ON CULPEPER COUNTY, VIRGINIA. , RALEIGH TRAVERS GREEN, 1900
  32. FRANK H. STEWART, GLOUCESTER COUNTY’S MOST FAMOUS CITIZEN, GENERAL FRANKLIN DAVENPORT, 1755-1832, 1921
  33. JOHN T. GOOLRICK AUTHOR OF THE LIFE OF GENERAL HUGH MERCER IRISHMEN IN THE CIVIL WAR ETC, HISTORIC FREDERICKSBURG THE STORY OF AN OLD TOWN. , WHITTET & SHEPPERSON, 1922
  34. JOHN T. GOOLRICK , HISTORIC FREDERICKSBURG; THE STORY OF AN OLD TOWN, WHITTET AND SHEPPERSON, 1922
  35. WILLIAM S. FORREST, HISTORICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE SKETCHES OF NORFOLK AND VICINITY: INCLUDING PORTSMOUTH AND THE ADJACENT COUNTIES, DURING A PERIOD OF TWO HUNDRED YEARS : ALSO, SKETCHES OF WILLIAMSBURG, HAMPTON, SUFFOLK, SMITHFIELD, AND OTHER PLACES, WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF SOME OF THE PRINCIPAL OBJECTS OF INTEREST IN EASTERN VIRGINIA, LINDSAY & BLAKISTON, 1853
  36. HISTORICAL SKETCH BEDFORD COUNTY VIRGINIA.
  37. THOMAS LEWIS PRESTON, HISTORICAL SKETCHES AND REMINISCENCES OF AN OCTOGENARIAN.
  38. J.T. MCALLISTER, HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF VIRGINIA HOT SPRINGS, WARM SULPHUR SPRINGS AND BATH COUNTY, VIRGINIA, SALEM PRINT. AND PUB. CO, 1908
  39. JAMES W. HEAD, HISTORY AND COMPREHENSIVE DESCRIPTION OF LOUDOUN COUNTY VIRGINIA.
  40. THOS. D. GOLD, HISTORY OF CLARKE COUNTY, VIRGINIA AND ITS CONNECTION WITH THE WAR BETWEEN THE STATES.
  41. SALLY NELSON ROBINS, HISTORY OF GLOUCESTER COUNTY, VIRGINIA, AND ITS FAMILIES. , WEST, JOHNSTON & CO, 1893
  42. LYON G. TYLER, M. A., LL. D, HISTORY OF HAMPTON AND ELIZABETH CITY COUNTY, VIRGINIA. , THE BOARD OF SUPERVISORS OF ELIZABETH CITY COUNTY, 1922
  43. HISTORY OF NANSEMOND & SOUTHAMPTON COUNTIES. , BOOKWORM AND SILVERFISH P.O. BOX 639 WYTHEVILLE, VA 24382 (276)686-5813, 2008
  44. COL. WILLIAM H. STEWART, HISTORY OF NORFOLK COUNTY, VIRGINIA, AND REPRESENTATIVE CITIZENS,. , BIOGRAPHICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY, 1902
  45. GEORGE S. JACK, HISTORY OF ROANOKE COUNTY, STONE, 1912
  46. WILLIAM MCCAULEY, A. M, HISTORY OF ROANOKE COUNTY, SALEM, ROANOKE CITY VIRGINIA AND REPRESENTATIVE CITIZENS. , BIOGRAPHICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY, GEORGE RICHMOND, PRES.; S. HARMER NEFF, SECY.; C. R. ARNOLD, TREAS, 1902
  47. LEWIS P. SUMMERS, HISTORY OF SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA, 1746-1786. WASHINGTON COUNTY, 1777-1870, J.L. HILL PR. CO., 1903
  48. HISTORY OF ST MARK’S PARISH, CULPEPER COUNTY, VIRGINIA, WITH NOTES OF OLD CHURCHES AND OLD FAMILIES AND ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE MANNERS AND CUSTOMS OF THE OLDEN TIME
  49. WM. C. PENDLETON, HISTORY OF TAZEWELL COUNTY AND SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA 1748-1920. , W. C. HILL PRINTING COMPANY, 1920
  50. WILLIAM C. PENDLETON, HISTORY OF TAZEWELL COUNTY AND SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA, 1748-1920, HILL PRINT. CO, 1920
  51. DE HASS, HISTORY OF THE EARLY SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF WESTERN VIRGINIA: EMBRACING AN ACCOUNT OF THE VARIOUS EXPEDITIONS IN THE WEST, PREVIOUS TO 1795 : ALSO, BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF COL. EBENEZER ZANE, MAJOR SAMUEL M’COLLOCH, LEWIS WETZEL, GENL. ANDREW LEWIS, GENL. DANIEL BRODHEAD, CAPT. SAMUEL BRADY, COL. WM. CRAWFORD, AND OTHER DISTINGUISHED ACTORS IN OUR BORDER WARS1851
  52. J. E. NORRIS, HISTORY OF THE LOWER SHENANDOAH VALLEY COUNTIES OF FREDERICK, BERKELEY, JEFFERSON AND CLARKE,. , A. WARNER & CO., PUBLISHERS, 1890
  53. GEORGE BICKLEY, HISTORY OF THE SETTLEMENT AND INDIAN WARS OF TAZEWELL COUNTY, VIRGINIA: WITH A MAP, STATISTICAL TABLES. , MORGAN, 1852
  54. VIRGIL A. LEWIS, HISTORY OF WEST VIRGINIA: IN TWO PARTS, HUBBARD BROTHERS, 1889
  55. ISLE OF WIGHT COUNTY. 1608-1907
  56. REV. ALFRED BAGBY, A.B., D.D, KING AND QUEEN COUNTY, VIRGINIA. , 1908
  57. PRENTISS INGRAHAM, LAND OF LEGENDARY LORE. , THE GAZETTE PUBLISHING HOUSE, 1898
  58. FAIRFAX HARRISON, LANDMARKS OF OLD PRINCE WILLIAM.
  59. H. J. ECKENRODE, ARCHIVIST, LIST OF THE REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS OF VIRGINIA – PART 2. VOLUME I., DAVIS BOTTOM, SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC PRINTING, 1912
  60. H. J. ECKENRODE, ARCHIVIST, LIST OF THE REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS OF VIRGINIA – PART 2. VOLUME II. , DAVIS BOTTOM, SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC PRINTING, 1912
  61. W. ASBURY CHRISTIAN, LYNCHBURG AND ITS PEOPLE. , J. P. BELL COMPANY, 1900
  62. MARION COUNTY IN THE MAKING.
  63. SAMUEL M. JANNEY, MEMOIRS OF SAMUEL M. JANNEY, LATE OF LINCOLN, LOUDOUN COUNTY, VA. ; A MINISTER IN THE RELIGIOUS SOCIETY OF FRIENDS., FRIENDS BOOK ASSOCIATION, 1881
  64. MARIA G. CARR, MY RECOLLECTION OF ROCKTOWN, NOW KNOWN AS HARRISONBURG, FROM1817-1820, OLD MILL STONE ANTIQUE SHOP, 1920
  65. ALEXANDER BROWN, NEW VIEWS OF EARLY VIRGINIA HISTORY, 1606-1619, THE BEDFORD INDEX, 1886
  66. PEYTON NEALE CLARKE LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY, OLD KING WILLIAM HOMES AND FAMILIES. , GENEALOGICAL PUBLISHING CO., INC, 1976
  67. JOHN FISKE, OLD VIRGINIA AND HER NEIGHBOURS (2 VOLS.) (VOL 1), RIVERSIDE PRESS, 1902
  68. JOHN FISKE, OLD VIRGINIA AND HER NEIGHBOURS (2 VOLS.) (VOL 2), RIVERSIDE PRESS, 1902
  69. OUR QUAKER FRIENDS OF YE OLDEN TIME. , J. P. BELL COMPANY, 1905
  70. BENJAMIN FLOYD NUCKOLLS, PIONEER SETTLERS OF GRAYSON COUNTY, VIRGINIA. , HIGGINSON BOOK COMPANY, 1994
  71. PULASKI COUNTY, VIRGINIA: A HISTORIC AND DESCRIPTIVE SKETCH DESIGNED TO SHOW FORTH THE NATURAL ADVANTAGES, RESOURCES AND GENERAL ADAPTABILITY OF THE BANNER COUNTY OF SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA, TO AGRICULTURE, CATTLE RAISING, AND ALSO COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES, 1907
  72. W. ASBURY CHRISTIAN, D. D, RICHMOND HER PAST AND PRESENT. , L. H. JENKINS, 1912
  73. WATKINS NORVELL, RICHMOND, VIRGINIA: COLONIAL, REVOLUTIONARY, CONFEDERATE AND THE PRESENT, E. B. BROWN, 1893
  74. WILLIAM A. CHRISTIAN, RICHMOND: HER PAST AND PRESENT, L. H. JENKINS, 1912
  75. THOMAS K. CARTMELL, SHENANDOAH VALLEY PIONEERS AND THEIR DECEDENTS: A HISTORY OF FREDERICK COUNTY, VIRGINIA FROM ITS FORMATION IN 1738 TO 1908, EDDY PR. CORP, 1909
  76. T. K. CARTMELL CLERK OF THE OLD COUNTY COURT, SHENANDOAH VALLEY PIONEERS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS.
  77. THOMAS K. CARTMELL, SHENANDOAH VALLEY PIONEERS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS: A HISTORY OF FREDERICK COUNTY, VIRGINIA, FROM ITS FIRST FORMATION IN 1738 TO 1908, COMPILED MAINLY FROM ORIGINAL RECORDS OF OLD FREDERICK COUNTY, , 1909
  78. MARGARET C. CABBELL, SKETCHES AND RECOLLECTIONS OF LYNCHBURG, C. H. WYNNE, 1858
  79. WILLIAM H. FOOTE, SKETCHES OF VIRGINIA, HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL, J.B. LIPPINCOTT & CO., 1855
  80. LUCULLUS MCWHORTER, THE BORDER SETTLERS OF NORTHWESTERN VIRGINIA FROM 1768 TO 1795 EMBRACING THE LIFE OF JESSE HUGHES AND OTHER NOTED SCOUTS OF THE GREAT WOODS OF THE TRANS-ALLEGHENY, REPUBLICAN PUB. CO.
  81. JEDEDIAN HOTCHKISS, THE CITY OF STAUNTON, AUGUSTA COUNTY, VIRGINIA, AND THE SURROUNDING COUNTRY THEIR CONDITION, RESOURCES AND ADVANTAGES, AND THE INDUCEMENTS THEY OFFER TO THOSE SEEKING HOMES OR PLACES FOR BUSINESS, INVESTMENTS, ETC, D.E. STRASBURG , 1878
  82. ALEXANDER BROWN, THE FIRST REPUBLIC IN AMERICA: AN ACCOUNT OF THE ORIGIN OF THIS NATION, WRITTEN FROM THE RECORDS THEN (1624) CONCEALED BY THE COUNCIL, RATHER THAN FROM THE HISTORIES THEN LICENSED BY THE CROWN, HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN AND CO., , 1898
  83. JOHN WALTER WAYLAND, B. A., PH. D. ASSISTANT AND FELLOW IN HISTORY, UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA. MEMBER OF THE VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY, THE SOUTHERN HISTORY ASSOCIATION, AND THE PENNSYLVANIA-GERMAN SOCIETY, THE GERMAN ELEMENT OF THE SHENANDOAH VALLEY OF VIRGINIA. , THE MICHIE COMPANY, 1907
  84. GEORGE LIPSCOMB, ESQ. M. D, THE HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES OF THE COUNTY OF BUCKINGHAM. – VOL. I. , J. & W. ROBINS, 57, TOOLEY STREET, 1847
  85. ROBERT BEVERLY, THE HISTORY AND PRESENT STATE OF VIRGINIA, PRINTED FOR R. PARKER, 1705
  86. JOS. B. DUNN, THE HISTORY OF NANSEMOND COUNTY, VIRGINIA1907
  87. WILLIAM STITH, THE HISTORY OF THE FIRST DISCOVERY AND SETTLEMENT OF VIRGINIA: BEING AN ESSAY TOWARDS GENERAL HISTORY OF THIS COLONY, WILLIAM PARKS
  88. THOMAS N. PAGE, THE OLD DOMINION HER MAKING AND HER MANNERS, C. SCRIBNERS SONS, 1908
  89. THE PARISH REGISTER OF CHRIST CHURCH, MIDDLESEX COUNTY, VA. FROM 1653 TO 1812. , THE NATIONAL SOCIETY OF THE COLONIAL DAMES OF AMERICA, 1897
  90. GRANVILLE D. HALL, THE RENDING OF VIRGINIA, A HISTORY, MAYER AND MILLER, 1902
  91. STEPHEN T. MITCHELL, THE SPIRIT OF THE OLD DOMINION, SHEPHERD & POLLARD , 1827
  92. WILLIAM ARMSTRONG CROZIER, F. R S. EDITOR OF RECORDS OF SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY ; VIRGINIA COLONIAL MILITIA; THE BUCKNERS OF VIRGINIA; CROZIERS AMERICAN ARMORY, ETC., ETC, VIRGINIA COUNTY RECORDS – VOL III. , THE GENEALOGICAL ASSOCIATION, 1906
  93. WILLIAM ARMSTRONG CROZIER, F.R.S. MEMBER OF THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF PENNSYLVANIA, THE VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY, THE TOPSFIELD HISTORICAL SOCIETY, THE NEW YORK GENEALOGICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY, ETC., ETC, VIRGINIA COUNTY RECORDS SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY 1721-1800. , FOX, DUFFIELD & COMPANY, 1905
  94. MARGARET V. SMITH, VIRGINIA, 1492-1892; A BRIEF REVIEW OF THE DISCOVERY OF THE CONTINENT OF NORTH AMERICA, WITH A HISTORY OF THE EXECUTIVES OF THE COLONY AND OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA, W.H. LOWDERMILK & CO, 1893
  95. WESTMORELAND COUNTY VIRGINIA PARTS I AND II. , WHITTET & SHEPPERSON, PRINTERS, 1912
  96. T.R.B. WRIGHT, WESTMORELAND COUNTY, VIRGINIA PARTS I AND II : A SHORT CHAPTER AND BRIGHT DAY IN ITS HISTORY, WHITTET & SHEPPERSON PRINTERS, 1912
  97. LYON G. TYLER, WILLIAMSBURG, THE OLD COLONIAL CAPITAL, WHITTET & SHEPPERSON, 1907