Western Women’s Suffrage
Western states led the nation in approving women’s suffrage. By the time the Nineteenth Amendment, was approved by Congress in 1920, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, Idaho, Washington, California, Kansas, and Arizona had granted women the full right to vote.
Western states and territories were more favorable to women’s suffrage than eastern ones. Scholars have pointed to several possible reasons — western areas, faced with a shortage of women, used suffrage to encourage female immigration; as an acknowledgment of the role women played in frontier settlement; voting for women’s suffrage simply to bolster the strength of conservative voting blocks.
Meanwhile, activists concentrated on the single issue of suffrage and went directly to the politicians and newspaper editors to educate them and to persuade them to support the goal of suffrage.
These two periodicals provide a unique look into the Western Women’s Suffrage Movement.
The New Citizen, Seattle, WA – October, 1909 – January, 1912
(Under Development) Considered the first woman newspaper publisher in Washington State, Missouri Hanna was the founder and editor of The New Citizen, the successor to her earlier suffrage publication Votes for Women.
With the tag line “The magazine that won equal suffrage in Washington”, it focused on the role of newly-enfranchised women in Washington. Articles discussed a variety of state and regional issues, including labor legislation, divorce laws, wage disparity between men and women, reproductive rights, and more.
Western Woman Voter, Seattle, WA – January, 1911 – January, 1913
(Under Development) Established to serve all women voters throughout the western U.S., Western Woman Voter began publication following the passage of suffrage in Washington State. Adella Parker, a popular Seattle lawyer and prominent suffragist, was the driving force behind both it and the suffrage movement. It also served as a print forum for Parker’s progressivist sympathies regarding political and social reform.
With her suffragist colleagues from California, the publication promised to be — “a publication primarily designed to be a journal of information for the women voters of the West. It will discuss questions relating to the government of the city and state, questions dealing with the legal rights of women, and with the home, the child and the school, insofar as they are affected by law. It will aim to keep women of each of the suffragist states informed as to the civic activities of women voters elsewhere, and will make a special feature of good government news from everywhere.”
The expansion of Women’s suffrage in the West set the example for the rest of the country. Eastern suffragists pointed to the accomplishments in the West as the best example for the benefits of extending the right to vote to all American women.