Tag Archives: African American History
Cotton

The Irrepressible Conflict in Play

The term Irrepressible Conflict originated with William H. Seward in an 1858 speech predicting a socioeconomic collision between the institutions of the North and the South. This confrontation settle the question of whether America would be dominated by a system of free labor or slave labor. Lincoln alluded to the same idea in his 1858 “House Divided” speech. In the late 1850s the use of the phrase did not expressly include the assumption that the “irrepressible conflict” would be resolved through violence or armed conflict.

The Irrepressible Conflict doing its Work

“Whom the gods wish to destroy, they first make mad,” is a trite saying, and one entirely applicable to the Democratic party, as is evinced unmistakably the last few years. Not looking for the remote causes that acted potentially to bring about the crisis in modern Democracy, we see it as it is, and find it in a state a distraction, and daily getting into “confusion worse confounded.” Not to go farther back into the past than a few months, we behold the once “harmonious Democracy” divided in the State conventions, held to select delegates to the national convention, and in many cases two antagonistical sets of delegates were the results of opposing conventions in the same State and of the same party.

Part IV of our Civil War collection, A Midwestern Perspective, consists of seven newspapers published in Indiana between the years of 1855 and 1869. These items provide pre-and post-Civil War information, in addition to coverage of the Civil War itself.

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oktx

New Titles Online: Oklahoma and Texas

The full-text search capability of the American County Histories database permits the student/researcher to explore all the publications of a particular county by using a single query. In addition, those wishing to read or browse the text on a page by page basis may do so in the original format merely by scrolling down the screen and then continuing to the next chapter. The Table of Contents is hyperlinked to each chapter as well as to each individual illustration. The user can select a particular graphic from the List of Illustrations and proceed immediately to it by clicking on the highlighted text.

Eight new titles are now fully searchable. They are part of one of our newest American County History sections, The Southwest. Five are from Oklahoma and three are from Texas.

New Titles

  • OklahomaPORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD OF OKLAHOMA: COMMEMORATING THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF CITIZENS WHO HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO THE PROGRESS OF OKLAHOMA AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ITS RESOURCES
  • OklahomaSOIL SURVEY OF KAY COUNTY, OKLAHOMA
  • OklahomaMCCURTAIN COUNTY AND SOUTHEAST OKLAHOMA: HISTORY, BIOGRAPHY STATISTICS; A COMPLETE CHURCH, LODGE, SCHOOL PROFESSIONAL, BUSINESS AND TRADE DIRECTORY OF THE COUNTY
  • Oklahoma A HISTORY OF OLD GREER COUNTY AND ITS PIONEERS
  • OklahomaMUSKOGEE AND NORTHEASTERN OKLAHOMA – VOLUME 2
  • TexasPROCEEDINGS OF THE SIXTH ANNUAL REUNION OF THE OLD SETTLERS’ ASSOCIATION OF BELL COUNTY HELD AT BELTON, TEXAS, NOVEMBER 5, 1904 AND PAPERS READ AT THE REUNION
  • Texas ROSS’ TEXAS BRIGADE
  • TexasTHE LONE STAR DEFENDERS: A CHRONICLE OF THE THIRD TEXAS CAVALRY, ROSS’ BRIGADE


The full-text search capability of the American County Histories database permits the student/researcher to explore all the publications of a particular county by using a single query. In addition, those wishing to read or browse the text on a page by page basis may do so in the original format merely by scrolling down the screen and then continuing to the next chapter.


slave-house-1828

Rumors Among Slaves in Alabama – 1840

Perry County, Alabama
December 24, 1840

There has been considerable excitement in this State, in reference to disturbances among the black population. The impression is general among them that they are to be free, either after Christmas, or the 4th of March, at farthest.  Great numbers have been examined, but it is evident there is no organization among them—no concerted plans. Some say one thing, some another. One fellow testifies that Van Buren is in the region of Mongomery with 200,000 men to effect their deliverance. Another says, Queen Victoria is coming to Alabama with a British army to deliver them! So you see it is all “moonshine.”

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Northup Reunited

Kidnappers of Solomon Northup Caught!

The Northup kidnappers are likely “to do the State some services.” The evidence against them appears to be conclusive; and they are likely to end their base career by TEN YEARS OF SLAVERY in the penitentiary.

Solomon in his Plantation Suit

Solomon in his Plantation Suit

The case presents many remarkable features. A worthy , intelligent, and industrious citizen of this State who is “Guilty of a skin not colored like our own,” is decoyed to the capital of the nation, is there drugged, and while insensibly is dragged to a slave pen, sold, cruelly beaten, and ultimately consigned to the obscurest section of the Red River region.

Twelve years he is subjected to the severe rigors of the slave system; when by a concurrence of the most singular events, he is found out and rescued by an agent acting under commission from the Government of the state.

He returns, published a most interesting narrative of the scenes and sufferings thro’ which he had passed entitled, SOLOMON NORTHUP ; or, “TWELVE YEARS A SLAVE.” Which is read by hundreds of thousands of his fellow citizens and which enlists their warmest sympathies in his behalf.

No one, however, expects to find the guilty perpetrators of the base outrage. But they are found, and a host of the most creditable witnesses rise up, as if by magic to prove there identity and their guilt. The whole case is certainly the most remarkable upon record, and it can only be appreciated by reading the “narrative” in connection with the incidents of the arrest and detention of the kidnappers.

Auburn Daily Advertiser


Source

Collection: African American Newspapers
Publication: Frederick Douglass Paper
Date: August 4, 1854
Title: The Northup Kidnappers
Location: Rochester, New York

Solomon Northup’s Narrative

You can read the book online below, or download it as a PDF. EPUB, or MOBI (Kindle users should get the MOBI edition).

Top image is Northup’s Arrival Home, and First Meeting with his Wife and Children from the illustrated edition of his book.


John Brown Russwurm

Freedom’s Journal News Summary for February 8, 1828

Although Freedom’s Journal lived a relatively short life, it is important in that it was the first American newspaper written by blacks for blacks. From the beginning the editors felt, “… that a paper devoted to the dissemination of useful knowledge among our brethren, and to their moral and religious improvement, must meet with the cordial approbation of every friend to humanity…”.

This news summary was published in the February 8, 1828 edition.

SCHOOLS — The bill making an annual State appropriation of 10,000 dollars for the Free Schools, and providing a fund for accumulation, to be devoted to the same object, has been passed by the House of Representatives of the Legislature of Rhode Island with only two dissecting votes.

DROWNED — Mr. Benjamin Ellis and his son Sewall were drowned at Plymouth, Mass. lately, by falling through the ice. The bodies were recovered a few hours after the accident occurred. Mr. Ellis has left a wife and a large number of children.

DEAF AND DUMB — An institution for the instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, has been commenced in N. Carolina; and an application has been made to congress for a grant of land.

AFRICAN SCHOOL — During the last summer an African School was kept in Portsmouth N.H. the expense of which was principally defrayed for the first time by the town. Nearly all the coloured children amounting to about 30, attended the school.

EDUCATION — Four scholarships of 1000 dollars each, are founded at Danville College. A farm is attached, to reduce by labour the expense of living. The indigent will be supported and educated without charge. Those who are able, will never pay above 20 dollars per annum.

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