Tag Archives: American County Histories

A Look Inside: The Indians of the Pike’s Peak Region

Irving Howbert’s book, The Indians of the Pike’s Peak Region was reissued long after his death with a very special addition. That is the wonderful foldout print of the Indians seen, in part, above. This picture was taken by Clarence Coil, of Colorado Springs. The original print hangs over the door in the office of Mr. Floyd Brunson, operator of Stewarts Commercial Photographers, Inc.

When the picture was taken, circa 1913, most of the people in the lineup were well known to the citizens of the Pike’s Peak region. While this photograph is not particularly germane to the text of this book, it is very germane to the time the book was written. Scenes like the one pictured do not occur any more except around a movie studio. This picture is completely authentic, and hence, we think, of interest to any student of American history. A high resolution version of the image can be seen here. The end of this post contains a key to identifying the known individuals in the photograph.

This volume can be found in our American County Histories: Colorado.


For the most part this book is intentionally local in its character. As its title implies, it relates principally to the Indian tribes that have occupied the region around Pike’s Peak during historic times.

The history, habits, and customs of the American Indian have always been interesting subjects to me. From early childhood, I read everything within my reach dealing with the various tribes of the United States and Mexico. In 1860, when I was fourteen years of age, I crossed the plains between the Missouri River and the Rocky Mountains twice, and again in 1861, 1865, and 1866; each time by ox- or horse-team, there being no other means of conveyance. At that time there were few railroads west of the Mississippi River and none west of the Missouri. On each of these trips I came more or less into contact with the Indians, and during my residence in Colorado from 1860 to the present time, by observation and by study, I have become more or less familiar with all the tribes of this Western country.

From 1864 to 1868, the Indians of the plains were hostile to the whites; this resulted in many tragic happenings in that part of the Pike’s Peak region embracing El Paso and its adjoining counties, as well as elsewhere in the Territory of Colorado. I then lived in Colorado City, in El Paso County, and took an active part in the defense of the settlements during all the Indian troubles in that section. I mention these facts merely to show that I am not unfamiliar with the subject about which I am writing. My main object in publishing this book is to make a permanent record of the principal events of that time.


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The Latest Full Text Books Online

As part of the ongoing expansion of our American County History Collection into the Western and Southwestern United States we are working quickly to add new titles in Arizona, Arkansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, Alaska, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

This process involves books coming online initially in image only form with each page scanned and readable as a high resolution JPG.  These books then undergo a double key entry process to provide a full text version that can be read or searched.  The five most recent books to “graduate” to full text searchability are listed here:

  • California: Memorial and Biographical History Merced, Stanislaus, Calaveras, Tuolumne and Mariposa Counties California — 1892 — Containing a History of this Important Section of the Pacific Coast from the Earliest Period of its Occupancy to the Present Time, together with Glimpses of its Prospective Future; with full-page Portraits of some of its most Eminent Men, and Biographical Mention of many of its Pioneers, and also of Prominent Citizens of Today.
  • Colorado: History of Colorado – Volume I — 1918 — The facts relating thereto are stated not as opinions or mere conclusions of the writers or individual informants, but, in order to avoid personal bias and prejudice, all that is set forth pertaining to important events of public interest in the departments of state history—the military, industrial, educational, religious and social organizations and their progress and results—has been taken from the records, reports and archives, national and state, of the government and administrative bodies relating to the several topics.
  • Oregon: Pioneer History of Coos and Curry Counties — 1898 — Orvil Dodge quite properly referred to himself as “the compiler” throughout the book. When commissioned by the Pioneer and Historical Association to prepare a volume of “heroic deeds and thrilling adventures,” he readily turned to the old citizens of Coos and Curry counties for their assistance. Their memories, some of them indistinct, their letters and personal narratives all became sources for this volume.
  • Oregon: An Illustrated History of Central Oregon Embracing Wasco, Sherman, Gilliam, Wheeler, Crook, Lake and Klamath Counties — 1905 — Histories of the state of Oregon have been written before and the field ably covered in a general way. But this, the latest work of the kind, goes more deeply into county detail and contains some features that have never before been presented to the public. For instance the two portraits of the Indian pilgrims to St. Louis in search of the ‘White Man’s Book,’ were procured by us from the Smithsonian Institute, and we believe they have never before been reproduced in any history. Their arduous journey, from a historical viewpoint, forms one of the most romantic episodes in the story of the old and famous Territory of Oregon.
  • Utah: History of Utah — 1890 — In the history of Utah we come upon a new series of social phenomena, whose multiformity and unconventionality awaken the liveliest interest. We find ourselves at once outside the beaten track of conquest for gold and glory; of wholesale robberies and human slaughters for the love of Christ; of encomiendas, repartimientos, serfdoms, or other species of civilized imposition; of missionary invasion resulting in certain death to the aborigines, but in broad acres and well filled storehouses for the men of practical piety; of emigration for rich and cheap lands, or for colonization and empire alone; nor have we here a hurried scramble for wealth, or a corporation for the management of a game preserve. There is the charm of novelty about the present subject, if no other; for in our analyses of human progress we never tire of watching the behavior of various elements under various conditions.

The full-text search capability of the American County Histories database permits the student/researcher to explore all the publications of a particular county by using a single query. In addition, those wishing to read or browse the text on a page by page basis may do so in the original format merely by scrolling down the screen and then continuing to the next chapter.
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Pioneer History of Coos and Curry Counties

The Pioneer History of Coos and Curry Counties (Oregon) by Orvil Dodge is now searchable within Accessible Archives. This volume can be found in American County Histories: The West. The West includes local histories from Alaska, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. This collection is under active development and is growing quickly.

About the Author

This pioneer historian (Orvil Dodge) had an interesting and colorful life. He was born January 5, 1839, at Gerard, Pennsylvania. His mother, Deborah, died when he was two years old; his father, Norman, soon remarried. When he was five, Orvil moved to the home of his uncle, David Dodge, only to return to his father’s new home in Portage County, Ohio, a year later. In 1850, William Press, his grandfather, visited the family and took Orvil with him to Point Peter, New York. At age sixteen, Dodge journeyed to Fort Wayne, Indiana, where he became a stage driver. After a severe bout with malaria, he located in Sycamore, Illinois, where he married Alice Walrod.

Orvil and his wife crossed the continent to California by mule and horse team in 1860. They settled on the upper Sacramento River where Dodge operated a sawmill. Within three months the Indians in that region swept through the country, burning Dodge’s mill and his lumber piles. Discouraged but undaunted, Orvil moved on to Oregon, locating in Jackson County where he planned to become a gold miner.


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Ann Bailey

Mad Anne Bailey

Ann Bailey, one of the most picturesque characters in American border history, was known as “Mad Ann,” because of her waspish temper. Her maiden name was Dennis, and she was a native of Liverpool, England. Like many other persons of her time, she came to Virginia as an indentured servant, and paid the cost of her passage across the Atlantic by being bound into servitude for several years. During this period in her life she was at Staunton.

At the age of twenty-three she married James Trotter, who was killed nine years later in the battle of Point Pleasant. William Trotter, her only child, was born near the present village of Barber in 1767.

After Trotter was killed the widow resolved to avenge his death. She left her boy with Mrs. Moses Mann, put on masculine apparel, and became a hunter and scout. She rode a black horse that she called “Pool,” an abbreviation of Liverpool. Her other horse she named “Jennie Mann.”

It is said of Ann Bailey that she put more than one Indian out of the way. On one occasion her lead horse was stolen from her.

Source: A Centennial History of Alleghany County Virginia.

This chapter would not be complete without some mention of that eccentric and masculine woman, known to American border history as Mad Ann Bailey. She was given this name because of her irascible Welsh temper. Her maiden name was Dennis, and she was a native of Liverpool. She came to Staunton at the age of 13, and ten years later wedded James Trotter, who was killed at Point Pleasant. The pair had a son named William, who was born in 1767.

Ann Bailey left her child with Mrs. Moses Mann, a near neighbor, put on masculine apparel, and for several years was a hunter and scout. One of her reasons for adopting such an unfeminine career was to avenge the death of her husband. According to tradition she took more than one scalp.

Her most famous exploit was her relief of Fort Lee, which stood where the city of Charleston, West Virginia, afterward arose. The stockade was besieged by Indians, the powder gave out, and it was very dangerous for a courier to get past the assailants. But Mad Ann volunteered, rode swiftly on her horse “Liverpool” to Fort Union–now Lewisburg,–and came back with an extra horse with a fresh supply of powder. This was in 1791, when she was 49 years of age.

For a year or so, she lived in a hut on Mad Ann’s Ridge, on the south side of Falling Spring Run. On one occasion her black horse went on to Mann’s without his rider. A party from the stockade went out to follow the trail, and located Mad Ann by airholes in the snow. She had failed asleep, either from liquor or drowsiness.

According to Ann Royall, who knew her in her old age, she could both drink and swear.

Source: Annals of Bath County Virginia

More recent references spell her name as Anne instead of Ann. The Anne Bailey Elementary School in St. Albans, West Virginia, is named for “Mad Anne” Bailey as is the Daughters of the American Revolution chapter in Charleston, West Virginia and a lookout tower in Watoga State Park.

The full-text search capability of the American County Histories database permits the student/researcher to explore all the publications of a particular county by using a single query. In addition, those wishing to read or browse the text on a page by page basis may do so in the original format merely by scrolling down the screen and then continuing to the next chapter.
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The History of the City of Denver, Arapahoe County, and Colorado

History of the City of Denver, Arapahoe County, and Colorado

In presenting this, their first work west of the Missouri River, the publishers have no apology to make. In the preparation of the historical portion, they have employed Mr. W. B. Vickers, a gentleman whose well-known standing and ability as a writer are a sufficient guaranty of the thorough manner in which he has performed his task. In the biographical department, the large number of sketches inserted and the limited space to be devoted to each precluded any considerable attempt at literary elaboration; indeed, it was thought better to present the prominent points in the lives of a larger number than fulsome eulogies of a few. Owing to the indifference of some and the absence of others, which rendered it impossible to obtain the necessary data, a few biographies that would have been especially appropriate and desirable are necessarily omitted, in spite of the most constant and persevering efforts to make this department of the work complete.

To the great number of the people of Denver and vicinity who, by their information, advice and cordial support, have aided them in their efforts, the publishers and their assistants desire to express their earnest thanks; and, while absolute perfection is not claimed nor to be expected, they trust the present work will meet the approbation of the public, and prove a valuable exponent of the history, resources, development and present condition of the Centennial State and its capital city.


Contents – Part One – Colorado

  • CHAPTER I. — Ringing up the Curtain
  • CHAPTER II. — Early Discoveries of Gold
  • CHAPTER III. — Journalism in Colorado
  • CHAPTER IV. — Early Politics and Organisation of the Territory
  • CHAPTER V. — Lo! the Poor Indian
  • CHAPTER VI. — The Mountains of Colorado
  • CHAPTER VII. — Colorado during the Rebellion, Territorial Officials
  • CHAPTER VIII. — Progress of the Country
  • CHAPTER IX. — Climate of Colorado
  • CHAPTER X. — Agricultural Resources of the State
  • CHAPTER XI. — Stock-raising in Colorado
  • CHAPTER XII. — Leadville and California Gulch
  • CHAPTER XIII. — History of the First, Colorado Regiment
  • CHAPTER XIV. — History of the Second Colorado Regiment
  • CHAPTER XV. — Sketch of the Third Colorado Regiment
  • CHAPTER XVI. — The Geology of Colorado
  • CHAPTER XVII. — Peek Climbing is the Rocky Mountains
  • CHAPTER XVIII. — Sketch of the San Juan Country and Dolores District
  • CHAPTER XIX. — The University of Colorado

Contents – Part Two – Arapahoe County and Littleton

  • CHAPTER I. — The Ute Rebellion
  • CHAPTER II. — Affairs at White River Agency
  • CHAPTER III. — The News in Denver
  • CHAPTER IV. — Advance upon the Agency
  • CHAPTER V. — Arrival Agency. The Massacre
  • CHAPTER VI. — Cessation of Hostilities — Rescue of the Prisoners
  • CHAPTER VII. — Sad Story of the Captives
  • CHAPTER VIII. — The Atrocities Colorado
  • CHAPTER IX. — The Peace Commission Farce
  • CHAPTER X. — The Ute Question lo Congress

Contents — Part Three – Denver

  • CHAPTER I — Wonderful Transformation of Twenty Years. A Prophecy
  • CHAPTER II. — Pen Picture of Dearer in 1869. The Pioneers.
  • CHAPTER III. — The Fall and Water Campaign
  • CHAPTER IV. — The City of bearer in 1860. Lot-Jumping, Etc.
  • CHAPTER V. — Denver in 1861
  • CHAPTER VI. — From 1862 to the Flood
  • CHAPTER VII. — The Great Flood of 1864
  • CHAPTER VIII. — After the Flood
  • CHAPTER IX. — Coming of the Railroads
  • CHAPTER X. — Events of the year 1869
  • CHAPTER XI. — The Railroad year 1870
  • CHAPTER XII. — Progress in the years 1871-72
  • CHAPTER XIII. — Denver from 1873 to 1875
  • CHAPTER XIV. — The Centennial Year
  • CHAPTER XV. — Denver in 1877-78-79
  • CHAPTER XVI. — Denver doling the year 1879
  • CHAPTER XVII. — The Public Schools
  • CHAPTER XVIII. — Railroads, The Denver Pacific
  • CHAPTER XIX. — Denver, South Park & Pacific
  • CHAPTER XX. — Denver & Grande Railway
  • CHAPTER XXI. — The Colorado Central Railroad
  • CHAPTER XXII. — The Telegraph and Street Railway
  • CHAPTER XXIII. — The Churches of Denver
  • CHAPTER XXIV. — The Sunday Schools of Denver
  • CHAPTER XXV. — Hill’s Smelting Works
  • CHAPTER XXVI. — Secret Benevolent Societies; Cemeteries; Brinker Collegiate Institute; Places of Amusement; The Fire Companies; The Military Companies; Denver Peculiarities
  • CHAPTER XXVII. — The Learned Professions

The full-text search capability of the American County Histories database permits the student/researcher to explore all the publications of a particular county by using a single query. In addition, those wishing to read or browse the text on a page by page basis may do so in the original format merely by scrolling down the screen and then continuing to the next chapter.
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