On June 9, 1732 James Oglethorpe was granted a royal charter for the colony of the future U.S. state of Georgia.
The compiler has examined the Minutes of the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia, and made the following extracts:
PALACE COURT, OLD PALACE YARD,
WESTMINSTER, July 20, 1732.
The LORD VISCOUNT PERCIVAL, being met by THOMAS TOWER, JAMES VERNON GEORGE HEATHCOTE, JAMES OGLETHORPE, ROBERT HUCKS, WM. BELITHA. ROBERT MORE, Esqrs., ARTHUR BEAFORD, SAMUEL SMITH, Clerks; Capt. THOMAS CORAM., and ADAM ANDERSON, Gent., in pursuance to the following summons, issued by his lordship to them, and all other the trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America, viz:
Sir, — His Majesty having been graciously pleased by his charter bearing date 9th June, 1732, to appoint you to be one of the Common Council, and one of the trustees for establishing the colony of Georgia, in America; and by same charter I am enjoined to cause summons to be issued to the several trustees therein particularly named, to meet at such time and place as I shall appoint, to consult about and transact the business of the said corporation. In obedience to the injunction of the charter, I therefore summon you to meet the rest of the trustees, at their office in Palace Court, old PALACE YARD, at four of the Clock, in the afternoon on the 20 July, 1732, to transact the business of the said corporation.
His Lordship produced the following certificate:
July 7, 1732. — These are to certify, that the right Hon. the Lord Viscount Percival, of the kingdom of Ireland, came this day before me, and took the following oath, as President of the trustees, for establishing the colony of Georgia, in America: –
I do swear that I will, well and truly, execute the office of President of the trustees for establishing the colony of Georgia, in America, to the best of my skill and knowledge. So help me God.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand.
His Lordship then proceeded to administer the said oath, the word President being only changed for that of Common Councilman, to Thomas Tower, James Vernon, George Heathcote, James Oglethorpe, Robert Hucks, Wm. Belitha, and Robert More, Esqs., being common councilmen of the said corporation.
Letters were produced to the trustees, from divers noblemen and gentlemen, and also from the corporation of Liverpool, testifying their desire to forward this design, and to accept of commissions for collecting benefactions for that purpose.
Ordered: That the thanks of the trustees be returned, and that Commissions for the said persons be prepared, in pursuance to their desire.
Wm. Purry, the Leader, and Wm. Binmong, the Minister, and others, the elders of the Swiss Congregation, intending to build a town to be called by the name of Purrisburg, on the northern side of the Savannah river, in South Carolina, came and thanked the trustees for the protection they had already afforded them, and to desire that a good correspondence and friendship might be maintained between them, and such colonies as the said trustees should settle, in the Province of Georgia.
The trustees gave them thirteen guineas, for the relief of the sick, and childbearing women in their passage, being the private benefaction of Mr. George Heathcote, and Mr. Belitha, for that purpose.
His Lordship being President, this first meeting adjourned to Thursday, July 27, 1732.
July 27. — At this meeting a book of by-laws was ordered, and the Charter to be wrote in the beginning of it. Mr. Vernon reported that the petition of the trustees had been received by his Majesty, and a proposal was drawn up to transport a number of the Saltzburghers exiles.
August 3, 1732. — Gen. Oglethorpe reported the names of many persons desirous of encouraging the colony.
Aug. 10, 1732. — Committee, viz: Oglethorpe, Healthcote, Tower, More, Hucks, Laroche and Vernon, to propose laws for the regulation of the Colony.
August 31, 1732. — Jacob Winckler, Theobald Keiffer, Ludwig Roel, and other German Swiss, being laborers and vine dressers, attended and received from Lord Carpenter and Mr. Oglethorpe three guineas towards furnishing them with tools: they, with their families, being the first Germans that are to establish the town of Purrisburgh.
September 21, 1732. — Received a receipt from the bank for £252, benefaction from the Bank of England.
November, 2, 1732. — Seal fixed to a grant for erecting a Court of Judicature in Savannah.
November 8, 1732. — Benefactions acknowledged. Dr. Henry Herbert offered to go to Georgia, without any assistance, to perform all religious services. — Accepted.
Nov. 16, 1732. — On board the frigate Ann, Capt Thomas, mustered the passengers on board; and computed the freight of them to 91 heads.
Nov. 23, 1732. — Read copies of letters from Horatio Walpole, Esq., to his deputies; from the Duke of Newcastle, to the Governors of South Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New-York, New-England, Barbadoes, &c., for their assistance to Mr. Oglethorpe, on his voyage. A common seal to be affixed to a power of attorney, to James Oglethorpe, to appoint such commander or other officer or officers, as he may think proper, to train and exercise the militia in Georgia.
Dec. 14, 1732. — Names of persons to be sent to Georgia, to be printed in one of the public papers, once a fortnight, before their embarkation.
Dec. 21, 1732. — Mr. Quincy attended, with a recommendation to go over as a missionary to Georgia.
Jan. 10. 1732-3. — Mr. Abercrombie, Attorney-General of South Carolina, delivered in claims of people in South Carolina, to lands said to be run out by them on the south side of the Savannah River. He is informed that trustees were disposed to act justly to all persons, but that this affair could not receive immediate attention.
Jan. 17, 1732-3. — A letter to be wrote to Sir Thomas Lambe, desiring his opinion of raising silk in Georgia.
February 21, 1732-3. — Received from Lady Osbom, £50 towards building a church in Georgia.
February 28, 1732-3. — A letter read from Mr. Oglethorpe, giving an account of his safe arrival at Charlestown, and the health of the colony, having lost in the passage but one person, a child aged eight months.
April 11, 1733. — Names of all those who go to Georgia paying their own expenses, shall be published in one of the newspapers.
April 18, 1733. — Received by the hands of the Rev. Mr. Samuel Wesley, a silver chalice and patine for the use of the first church in Savannah, the gift of an unknown benefactor.
April 30, 1733. — A petition to the House of Commons for a supply was read, and approved of.
August 11,1733. — Read a letter of attorney for receiving of the treasury £10,000 granted by Parliament.
Read a letter from Mr. Oglethorpe, with an account of the death of several persons in Georgia, which he imputed to the drinking of rum. Resolved, that the drinking of rum in Georgia be absolutely prohibited, and that all which shall be brought there be staved.
Accessible Archives subscribers can find several more years of extracts from the minutes of the trustees in Historical Collections of Georgia: Containing the Most Interesting Facts, Traditions, Biographical Sketches, Anecdotes, Etc. Relating to Its History and Antiquities, from Its First Settlement to the Present Time. Compiled from Original Records and Official Documents. Illustrated by Nearly One Hundred Engravings in our American County Histories: Georgia collection.