Tag Archives: National Anti-Slavery Standard

Preventing Slave Escapes by Ship in South Carolina

This article on a new law in South Caroline appeared in National Anti-Slavery Standard on April 28, 1842.  National Anti-Slavery Standard was the official weekly newspaper of the American Anti-Slavery Society, an abolitionist society founded in 1833 by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan to spread their movement across the nation with printed materials.

New Law in South Carolina

At the last session of the legislature an act was passed, “to prevent the citizens of New-York from carrying slaves, or persons held to service, out of the State, and to prevent the escape of persons charged with the commission of any crime.

This law is to take effect on the 1st of May next; unless New York repeals her law of 1840, granting the right of trial by jury to fugitive slaves. This act declares that no vessel of any size or description, owned in whole or in part, commanded or navigated, by any other person than an actual inhabitant of South Carolina, and destined to any port in the State of New York, shall be allowed to depart, until inspected by the proper officer. If any vessel depart without a certificate that no slave-criminal is on board, the captain or owner shall pay five-hundred dollars to whoever will sue for the same. The inspector is to receive ten dollars for his certificate, for the payment of which the vessel is liable.


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Practical illustration of the Fugitive Slave Law

Aryannah Pendleton: A Fugitive Slave Case

This article about Miss Pendleton’s case was published in the National Anti-Slavery Standard on October 15, 1840.

A trial which excited much interest, was held in this town on Thursday last, before Hon. Joseph Eaton, Judge of the County Court, for the purpose of recovering a colored girl, by the name of Aryannah Pendleton, claimed to be a fugitive slave belonging to a Mrs. Price, of Richmond, Virginia.

The girl, it seems, came to New-York with Mrs. Price, and although strictly guarded, found means, prompted by the love of Liberty, of escaping to Hartford, and from there to Hampton, where she has resided for about three years past, and until arrested at the instigation of Doctor Price, son of the above named Mrs. Price, on a writ of Habeas Corpus and brought before Judge Eaton for trial.

The residence of this girl, it appears from what information we can collect, was made known to Doctor Price, by a contemptible fellow named Fuller, formerly a resident of Hampton, but now of the South, to whom, it is said, Doctor Price is indebted, and that the girl was, if found a slave, to be sold to satisfy such demand.


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Molasses from Apples by Steaming

The following excellent method for making use of apples, for the two-fold purpose of obtaining molasses from them and converting the remainder into excellent feed for farm stock, has just been described to us by a friend.

The apples are placed in a hogshead made tight for the purpose, and subjected to the operation of steam.  The saccharine juice soon begins to ooze from them, and drops down to the bottom of the hogshead into the vessel, covering the bottom, placed there for the purpose, from which it passes off to proper receivers This juice is subsequently evaporated by boiling.

Sour apples only, have been experimented on in this way. The quantity of molasses obtained from them is ten gallons for every fifteen bushels of apples, or a gallon from a bushel and a half. This molasses differs from sweet apple molasses in possessing a peculiar tart flavor.

The apples remaining in the hogshead, being softened and well cooked, are mixed with bread or meal, and thus constitutes an excellent article of food for hogs and cattle.

Source: National Anti-Slavery Standard August 25, 1842

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The Benevolence of Slavery and Murder in Missouri

The Benevolence of Slavery — The following anecdote, related by Mr. Clay, shows the devilish spirit engendered by slave-holding:

A master there had children by one of his slaves, and being rich, desired to leave his property to these children. He took them, with the mother, to Cincinnati, got a deed of emancipation under the laws of Ohio, returned to Mississippi with this title of their freedom, and left his property by will, to these children. The courts of Mississippi afterwards decided that this was an invasion of the law, broke the will, distributed the property among the collateral heirs, and reduced the mother and children again to bondage!

Murder in Missouri

Mr. Mackay, residing near Clarksville, Pike co. Mo., was recently killed by his own slave, whom he had obtained by marriage, and who disliked to live with him. The St. Louis Republican of the 7th says: “He struck his master over the head with a rail, knocked him down, and with his master’s pocket knife cut his throat from ear to ear. He then ran to his mistress with the knife in his hand, and told her that somebody had killed his master. He has confessed all about it. We are informed that the excitement was very great, and a meeting was held, at which a proposition was made and lost by a few votes to burn him. He is in jail at Bowing Green, awaiting his trial.


Collection: National Anti-Slavery Standard
Publication: National Anti-Slavery Standard
Date: May 20, 1841
Title: General Intelligence.

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Why don’t he do it?

National Anti-Slavery Standard was established in 1840 by the husband and wife team of Lydia and David Child, who both were affirmed abolitionists as well as recognized successful writers (Lydia Child was the author of the poem “over the river and through the woods“).

This item appeared in the National Anti-Slavery Standard on April 15th, 1841.

Why don’t he do it?

When the Farmer knows that a gate is better, and as a time and labor saving fixture cheaper, than a set of bars and posts, and without calling on a carpenter he can himself make one, Why don’t he do it?

When he has no other fastenings to his gate, and barn doors than a rock rolled against them, and in a single evening after supper is able to make a better, Why don’t he do it?

And when he knows it’s better and more profitable to have good fences than poor, Why don’t he do it?

Or if he thinks it will not quit cost to make good fences, and only thinks so, and this mere guess work, and by calling on Mr. Townsend of East Haven can ascertain the facts in relation to it, Why don’t he do it?

Or if he wishes to see some of the most approved fixtures appertaining to farm buildings and the keeping and feeding of stock, ect. ect., and can do so by calling on the above gentleman, Why don’t he do it?

Or when he sees the boards dropping from his barns and out buildings, and like heaps of rubbish lying in piles about his premises, and need only nailing on again, Why don’t he do it?

Or if he is afraid of the expense of nails and is always crying upon the maxim of Doctor Franklin, to “save the pence and the pounds will take care of themselves,” and he knows that the same Doctor Franklin also said that “many men are penny wise and pound foolish,” and he is not careful to think of the precept contained in the latter, Why don’t he do it?

If it is a saving of nearly half the manure of a farmer’s stock, by keeping them shut up in yards, instead of running at large through most of the winter, Why don’t he do it?

If he knows that many of his fields would be greatly improved by ditching, and by the removal of large stumps and stones, Why don’t he do it?

And when he knows that his pastures would yield nearly double the feed, and of a better quality, if the bushes were all cut and subdued, Why don’t he do it?

And if he can add fifty per cent, to the product of his clover fields, and even his pastures, by the use of Gypsum, Why don’t he do it?


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