Tag Archives: The Civil War Collection
New Jersey and The Rebellion: A History of the Services of the Troops and People of New Jersey in Aid of The Union Cause

A Look Inside: New Jersey and the Rebellion

Part Two of our Civil War collection, The Soldiers’ Perspective, provides an in-depth look at the day-to-day actions of the troops themselves primarily in the form of regimental histories.

Usually written by an individual, but sometimes compiled by a committee, these books were published after the war to document what actually happened. While some battle and war narratives are included, the focus was primarily on the individual rather than on regimental action.

This is an excellent example that was published in 1868, quite soon after the war ended:  New Jersey and The Rebellion: A History of the Services of the Troops and People of New Jersey in Aid of The Union Cause by John Y. Foster.

Visitors with institutional access to Accessible Archives can browse this book at http://www.accessible.com/accessible/preLog?Browse=B00125187 and personal subscribers can locate it by logging in and using the Browse feature to reach the  The Soldier’s Perspective list of books.

From the Preface

New Jersey and The Rebellion: A History of the Services of the Troops and People of New Jersey in Aid of The Union CauseThe story of New Jersey’s part in the War for the Union, recorded in the following pages, has been written under many and serious difficulties. While the writer has in some cases been furnished with ample materials, in many others he has not been able to procure any official data whatever, while in nearly every instance he has found the testimony so conflicting and uncertain that it has been impossible to reach any really satisfactory conclusion. Compelled in some cases to examine hundreds of pages of manuscript to arrive at a single fact, and in others to travel scores of miles in quest of some authority which, when found, proved worthless or untrustworthy, the labor of gathering up the stray hints, the vague personal narratives, and the official statements out of which this Book is constructed, has been from first to last infinitely greater than any reader will conceive. But to the writer, this work, with all its embarassments and discouragements, and responsible as it proved, has been one of genuine pleasure; and if he has been so fortunate as to preserve any facts as to the gallantry of our troops, or the patriotism of our people, which might otherwise have been lost, he is wholly content.


Battle of Shiloh

General Order #14 – Rebel Instructions for Shiloh

A New York paper says that the following order of Gen. Beauregard was picked up on the battlefield of Shiloh:

General Order No. 14: Headquarters Army of
the Mississippi, Jackson, Tenn., March 14, 1862.


1. Field and company officers are especially enjoined to instruct their men, under all circumstances, to fire with deliberation at the feet of the enemy. They will thus avoid over-shooting, and, besides, wounded men give more trouble to our adversary than dead, as they have to be taken from the field.

2. Officers in command must be cool and collected; hold their men in hand in action, and caution them against useless, aimless firing. The men must be instructed and required each one to single out his mark. It was the deliberate sharpshooting of our forefathers in the Revolution of 1776, and New Orleans, in 1815, which made them so formidable against the odds with which they were engaged.

3. In the beginning of a battle, except by troops deployed as skirmishers, the fire of file will be avoided. It excites the men and renders their subsequent control difficult. Fire by wing or company should be resorted to instead. During the battle the officers and non-commissioned officers must keep their men in the ranks, enforce obedience, and encourage and stimulate them if necessary.

4. Soldiers must not be permitted to leave the ranks even to assist in removing our own dead, unless by special permission, which shall only be given when the action has been decided. The surest way to protect the wounded is to drive the enemy from the field. The most pressing, highest duty, is to win the victory.

5. Before the battle, the Quartermaster of the division will make all necessary arrangements for the immediate transportation of the wounded from the field. After consultation with the medical officers, he will establish the ambulance depot in the rear, and give his assistants the necessary instructions for the efficient service of the wagons and other means of transportation.

6. The ambulance depot to which the wounded are to be carried directed for immediate treatment, should be established at the most convenient building nearest the field of battle. A red flag marks the place and to it.


General list of vegetable seeds

The Confederacy and a Culture of Vegetables

There is nothing we shall want more during the coming season than an abundant supply of vegetables. The army will need them to preserve its men from scurvy. The people will need them to make up for the inordinate price of meat.

It is the duty, as well as the interest, of everybody to cultivate as large a quantity as possible. There is not a yard in any city or town which should not be made to contribute something towards the general store.

Among other inducements, it may be mentioned that vegetables, with few exceptions, are exempted from the tithe, and that they are not taxed beyond the income tax on the profits from their sales. A little attention and a little labor given to this end would do incalculable good.

Part I of our Civil War collection, A Newspaper Perspective, contains articles gleaned from over 2,500 issues of The New York Herald, The Charleston Mercury and the Richmond Enquirer, published between November 1, 1860 and April 15, 1865.


Collection: The Civil War
Publication: The Charleston Mercury
Date: April 7, 1864
Culture of Vegetables

Top Image:  Henry G. Gilbert Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection

Grand Military Ball

Christmas Eve at Hilton Head with the 104th Pennsylvania Regiment

Christmas eve was the occasion of much gaiety at Hilton Head. The officers of the post gave a grand military ball, which was held in the large building on the beach used for department head-quarters.

The numerous rooms were tastefully decorated and a large and gallant company assembled. Seventy ladies graced the scene. As all the officers could not he allowed to leave their commands in presence of the enemy, each brigade in front of Charleston was authorized to send three representatives. Surgeon Robinson and captain Pickering represented my command. The ball was considered a very fine affair in army circles.


Confederate Cavalry

Gallant Affair on Alston’s Island

A correspondent writes us an interesting account of a recent brilliant exploit of the 21st Battalion Georgia Cavalry, on the 5th instant. He says: ‘The enemy landed on Alston Island fifteen men, who raised a flag and marched across the island with a guide moving some distance in advance. When they discovered our cavalry approaching they retreated to a dense thicket, which skirts the foot of the sand hills on the creek side, and there awaited the charge of our cavalry, which of necessity had to be made under a heavy fire from the enemygunboat, not more than half a mile distant.

The charge also had to be made over a high, bold sand hill. Captain HARRISON, with twenty men of his command (Company B), made the charge. The horses were checked at the crest of the hill by a volley of musketry from the thicket, not more than thirty or forty feet distant. Captain HARRISON gallantly charged down the hill, reiterating the command, ‘, when those of our men who could not force their horses down the hill threw themselves from their saddles and charged on foot. By this impetuous attack the enemy were prevented firing a second volley, although they had re-loaded their rifles, and a moment more might have been fatal to many of our men.

‘Of the enemy, fifteen, including two Lieutenants and a Paymaster, were captured, two of their privates were wounded, one mortally. The loss on our side was one man killed, and one fine horse. Captain BOWEN, Company D, charged the barges in the face of a brisk fire from the blockader, but the sailors, lying in their boats, made off. Captain HARRISON took from the enemy rifles, pistols, cutlasses, and a boat flag. The Yankees threw some of their arms into the creek, and they could not be recovered.