Tag Archives: The New York Herald
Richmond Fire and Evacuation

Victory! Victory!

The Dying Struggle of the Rebellion, the Crowning Victories of the Union

Now let the country rejoice. The great jubilee of our final deliverance is at hand. Yesterday was a glorious Sabbath day for the cause of the Union, the brightest in the calendar since the beginning of this terrible war; for it opens wide the way to peace and the complete vindication of the republic.

Corner Governor and Cary Streets, Richmond, Virginia, May 1865

Corner Governor and Cary Streets, Richmond, Virginia, May 1865

Between the two Urban armies immediately under the eye of General Grant, and the rebel forces under General Lee, there was a tremendous struggle yesterday for Richmond, in the woods and fields, hills and valleys, and on the roads and creeks a few miles south and west of Petersburg, and from twenty-five to thirty miles beyond the rebel capital. The movement of General Grant in force against the Southside Railroad, the most important to Lee of his last two remaining arteries of subsistence, reduced him to the alternative of a fight for the road or the evacuation of Richmond. Grant, of permitted to occupy the Southside road, would be in a position to command, occupy or destroy the Danville road; and Lee, thus completely isolated from his communications, would be driven to the expedient of leaving the city by cutting his way out, or by a stealthy evacuation, in order to secure his necessary supplies.

General Lee accepted the wager of battle, and the results are before our readers in President Lincoln brief, graphic and admirable dispatches. They give us a birdseye view of the whole field of the army operations, and are perfectly satisfactory. Twelve thousand prisoners and fifty pieces of artillery in the work of carrying difficult positions and powerful fortifications, over a line of battle from fifteen to twenty miles in extent, will do for one day. Lee, closely cornered last night in Petersburg, will, in all probability, before tomorrow morning, if he can get off, be on the road to Lynchburg. That now is his only line of escape. The end is indeed near at hand. Let the people give thanks and rejoice.

Part I of our Civil War collection, A Newspaper Perspective, contains articles gleaned from over 2,500 issues of The New York Herald, The Charleston Mercury and the Richmond Enquirer, published between November 1, 1860 and April 15, 1865.

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Burning the Rappahannock Railway bridge. Oct. 13th 1863

The Battle of Bristoe Station

The Battle of Bristoe Station was fought on October 14, 1863, at Bristoe Station, Virginia, between Union forces under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren and Confederate forces under Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill during the Bristoe Campaign of the American Civil War. The Union II Corps under Warren was able to surprise and repel the Confederate attack by Hill on the Union rearguard, resulting in a Union victory.

Union casualties were 540, Confederate about 1,380. Warren, seeing Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s Second Corps coming up on his left, eventually had to withdraw. Lee is said to have cut off Hill’s excuses for this defeat by saying, “Well, well, general, bury these poor men and let us say no more about it.” The Union forces won the battle, but they had to retreat to Centreville, Virginia, before standing their ground.

This battle report from the The New York Herald in our Civil War: A Newspaper Perspective segment is an excellent example of the kind of detail found in this important collection of full-text searchable newspapers.

Plan of the Battle of Bristoe Station, Orange and Alexandria Railroad, Va., Octr. 14th 1863.

Plan of the Battle of Bristoe Station, Orange and Alexandria Railroad, Va., Octr. 14th 1863.

The Battle of Bristoe Station

Yesterday was a glorious day for the Army of the Potomac, and especially for the Second corps thereof, who sustained the brunt of one of the fiercest onslaughts which has characterized the attacks made by the rebels since the inauguration of the war.

THE ARMY FALLING BACK FROM CULPEPPER

Time is wasting to detail the retrograde movement of General Meade’s army from the line of the Rapidan to its present position. Suffice it to say that on Saturday night last the entire army left the vicinity of Culpepper on its homeward march. We marched along the line of the railroad from that time until Wednesday morning, encountering the enemy at times, and skirmishing occasionally, avoiding a general engagement. A general action might have been brought on at any time between the Rappahannock and our present position; but it was reserved for Wednesday to witness a renewed trail of the capabilities of our brave men in the field. The details of the fight at Auburn in the morning you already have by telegraph. Consequently I shall confine my report to

THE GREAT FIGHT AT BRISTOE STATION

In the afternoon the Second corps had been assigned the arduous duty of guarding the rear of the army, and on the morning of Wednesday at daylight took up its line of march in the following order: – Gen. Hayes’Third division leading, followed by the First division, Gen. Caldwell, the rear being brought up by Gen. WebbSecond division.

CHANGE OF FRONT

On reaching a point near the railroad, some three miles west of Bristoe, the Second division took the lead, followed by the Third, leaving the first at the rear. In this order they marched to Bristoe, on the south side of the track of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, with flankers well out on both sides and skirmishers deployed. (more…)

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Siege of Vicksburg

The Siege of Vicksburg: The Cheering Prospect Before Us

From all the information in our possession, from Union and from rebel sources, we consider the fall of Vicksburg inevitable, that there is no earthly chance of escape for it, and that in all probability before the expiration of the present week we shall have the news of the impending capitulation.

The army of General Grant had been heavily reinforced, and reinforcements were still coming down. His besieging columns are strongly entrenched in a semicircle of only six miles long, enclosing the city and the rebel garrison. The gunboats of Admiral Porter hold the river front, so that nothing can get in and nothing can get out on any side without the consent of the besieging forces.

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LincolnVisits

The Lincolns’ Visit to the Army of the Potomac

Last week it was whispered that the President contemplated visiting the Army of the Potomac, and, with the prospect of reviews, the troops set themselves hard at work burnishing arms, brightening up uniforms, and otherwise preparing for the grand inspection. Saturday we looked for him, and were disappointed. Saturday night, in the driving storm that swept down tents like cobwebs, we were glad that he had not come; but on Sunday morning, with the snow piled in huge drifts about the camps, and the wind whistling fiercely over the hills, a dispatch came saying that the President was on his way from Aquia to headquarters.

Of course there was great bustle. Carriages were dispatched to the station, escorted by the lancers; tents were hastily erected for the accommodation of the guests, and the quarters of Gen. Hooker put in order for the reception, while the staff ordered clean collars and an extra polish upon their boots. About eleven the cortège arrived, the President, Mrs. Lincoln and Master Lincoln riding with General Butterfield, and followed by the Attorney General and other gentlemen in another carriage. General Hooker came out upon the plank footwalk uncovered, welcomed the visitors warmly, and as suddenly disappeared with them in his tent, while the group of spectators gradually dispersed. There was no cheering or demonstrations of any kind. Curiosity seemed satisfied, and the officers retired to their quarters to talk over the event of the day and prepare for the expected reception.

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General James G. Blunt

War News from the ‘Dullest of Dull Places’

Since Sunday morning last we have been lying in camp at this dullest of dull places, with scarce an incident to disturb the equipoise of the monotony, as Major K. Grant eloquently expresses it. Occasionally our scouts bring in a few prisoners found secreted in the bushes; but nothing is learned from them worthy of commemoration in the columns of the Herald. Last night a party of about fifty of Rains’cavalry came on our pickets at Hazel Bottom, about twelve mile from here, on the Neosho road, and killed one and fired a number of shots at two others. It is supposed that they were trying to make their way into Newtonia, under the idea that we had left a small force there, which they could capture. When they learned the magnitude of their mistake they left for Dixie in a hurry.

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