Tag Archives: The Pennsylvania Gazette
Haitian Revolution

News from the Haitian Revolution

The Haitian Revolution, was a successful anti-slavery and anti-colonial insurrection that took place in the former French colony of Saint Domingue that lasted from 1791 until 1804. It impacted the institution of slavery throughout the Americas. Self-liberated slaves destroyed slavery at home, fought to preserve their freedom, and with the collaboration of mulattoes, founded the sovereign state of Haiti. It led to the greatest slave uprising since Spartacus, who led an unsuccessful revolt against the Roman Republic nearly 1,900 years prior.

The Haitian Revolution was the only slave uprising that led to the founding of a state free from slavery and ruled by non-whites and former captives.

News of the revolution was carried in newspapers in the newly founded United States. This item appeared in the Pennsylvania Gazette on May 2, 1792 by way of Boston.

News from the West Indies

Boston, April 19, 1792

Since our last, several vessels have arrived from Port-au Prince, all of which bring the most gloomy accounts of the situation of that island; the distresses of which appear to be owing, not more to the revolt and devastation of the slaves , than to the enmity prevailing among the freemen, and the want of subordination to any government.

About the 13th of March, the negroes attacked the town of Leogane – set fire to the plantations on the plain, and were joined by the negroes thereon, who had till then been in quiet servitude: after much fighting and burning, the negroes retreated. Many were killed on both sides – the lowest number, including all parties and colours, is stated at 1000.

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North-Carolina

Major General Clinton’s Proclamation to North Carolina

This proclamation offering amnesty to rebels by Major General Clinton appeared in the June 19, 1776 issue of The Pennsylvania Gazette.


By Major General Clinton, Commander of his Majesty’s Forces in the southern Provinces of North America.

A PROCLAMATION

WHEREAS a most unprovoked and wicked rebellion hath for some time past prevailed, and doth now exist, within his Majesty’s province of North Carolina, and the inhabitants (forgetting their allegiance to their Sovereign, and denying the authority of the laws and statutes of the realm) have, in a succession of crimes, proceeded to the total subversion of all lawful authority, usurping the powers of government, and erecting a tyranny in the hands of Congress and Committees of various denominations, utterly unknown and repugnant to the spirit of the British constitution; and divers people, in avowed defiance to all legal authority, are now actually in arms, waging unnatural war against their King; and whereas all attempts to reclaim the infatuated and misguided multitude to a sense of their error have unhappy proved ineffectual:

I have it in command to proceed forthwith against all such men, or bodies of men in arms, and against all such Congresses and Committees, thus unlawfully established, as against open enemies to the state. But, considering it a duty inseparable from the principle of humanity first of all to forewarn the deluded people of the miseries ever attendant upon civil war, I do most earnestly entreat and exhort them, as they tender their own happiness, and that of their posterity, to appease the vengeance of an injured and justly incensed nation, by a return to their duty to our common Sovereign, and to the blessings of a free government, as established by law; hereby offering, in his Majesty’s name, free pardon to all such as shall lay down their arms and submit to the laws, excepting only from the benefit of such pardon Cornelius Harnett and Robert Howe.

And I do hereby require, that the Provincial Congress, and all Committees of Safety, and other unlawful associations, be dissolved, and the judges allowed to hold their Courts according to the laws and constitution of this province; of which all persons are required to take notice, as they will answer the contrary at their utmost peril.

Given on board the Pallas transport, in Cape Fear river, in the province of North Carolina, the 5th day of May, 1776, and in the sixteenth year of his Majesty’s reign.

–H. Clinton.

By command of General Clinton,
RICHARD REAVE, Secretary.
To the Magistrates of the province of North Carolina, to be by them made public.

The Pennsylvania Gazette was one of the United States’ most prominent newspapers from 1728—before the time period of the American Revolution—until 1800. Published in Philadelphia from 1728 through 1800, The Pennsylvania Gazette is considered The New York Times of the 18th century.

Quill

America protect thy lovely daughters!

This is an excerpt from an essay on the Means of promoting Federal Sentiments in the United States, by a Foreign Spectator that appeared in The Pennsylvania Gazette in 1871.

It must not be concealed, that many persons make religion too grave and austere: the unreasonable pernicious doctrine, that innocent amusements are inconsistent with Christianity, withdraws numbers of youths from the paths of virtue; creates surly and selfish dispositions; it favors avarice in a degree very amazing; because when life is engrossed by the pursuits of gain, and the gratifications permitted to center within ones self, the heart grows more narrow, and devoted to interest.

Levity and dissipation are out of question — But shall any man dare to represent God as a gloomy tyrant! Is not his kingdom peace and joy? Are not the ways of heavenly wisdom pleasant?

How can a Christian condemn music, when the felicity of heaven is in part represented by it? Does not the wise king say, that there is a time to laugh, and to dance — That inferior dancing, which only promotes exercise and gaiety, is yet preferable to vulgar amusements — but there is a kind of dancing, that requires dignity and delicacy; in which the brocade shoe and diamond buckle, the liveliest activity, and the most elegant form are not sufficient; when the soul is seen in the beaming eye, the animated feature and glowing tint; and the whole frame vibrates to all the varying movements of a fine sensibility, like a harpsichord under the hand of a master.

After such a dance a woman feels herself a more affectionate wife and daughter; and a young patriot is well disposed for a grand national debate, or to meet his country’s foe sword in hand. I know this will appear nonsense to some grave sensible people; but I appeal to competent judges. Without disputing about particulars, rational, innocent, ingenious, social amusements are of great consequence to manners and national felicity. 

The Pennsylvania Gazette was one of the United States’ most prominent newspapers from 1728—before the time period of the American Revolution—until 1800. Published in Philadelphia from 1728 through 1800, The Pennsylvania Gazette is considered The New York Times of the 18th century.
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Philadelphia

Crime in Philadelphia in 1731

The Pennsylvania Gazette was one North America’s most prominent newspapers from 1728 until 1800. On October 2, 1729, Benjamin Franklin and Hugh Meredith bought the paper. Franklin not only printed the paper but also often contributed pieces under aliases.

These crime reports appeared in the January 12, 1731 issue.

Robberies

WHEREAS on Saturday Night last, being the 2d of this Instant January, the Shop of Christopher Tuthill, Goldsmith, next Door to the Star and Garter in Front street, was broke open and robbed of the following Pieces of Plate, viz. One Part of a Skellet of Silver, wt. ten Ounces; One Bar of Silver, wt. 12 Ounces, One Ebony Snuff box with Silver Hinge; One Silver Tooth pick Case, marked at the Bottom A. D. with a Crown over it; and ten Yards of silver Wire rolled up. If the said Plate should be offer’d to be pawn’d or sold, whoever will stop it, and secure the Person or Persons, so that he or they may be brought to Justice, shall have Three Pounds Reward, and all reasonable Charges paid, by me Christopher Tuthill.

ON the 30th of December last, was broken open the House of John Falconar, opposite to the Sign of the Scales, near Walnut street Wharff, Philadelphia, and the following Goods were taken out, viz. 12 Yards of light cinamon colour’d fine Drugget; 2 or 3 Yards of copper colour’d ditto; 1 dos of double worsted Caps, 1 doz of single, ditto; 6 single Caps flowered; several doz. of Handkerchiefs; several doz. of Buckles; two Pieces and an half of Seersucker; two Yards 3 qurs. of dark colour’d Broad cloth; 12 Yards of wide Scotch Linen; a nutmeg colour’d broadcloth Coat, strong Drab, plain Fashion with a wastecoat Sleeve; grey Broadcloth Coat, lined and trimmed with black; 1 black Calimanco Wastecoat somewhat worn: a black broadcloth pair of Breeches lined with Fustian, new; a bright cinamon colour’d Pea Jacket, double breasted; 5 or 6 blue serge Wastecoats unlined; 5 checked Shirts. Whoever can discover this Person or Persons, by their offering the Goods to Sale or otherwise, and secures them so as they may be brought to Justice, shall be sufficiently rewarded: Or if any Persons will restore all or most part of the said Goods, he shall have Five Pounds Reward, and no Questions asked. John Falconar.

Runaway

RUN away from Abraham Gudding, Coroner of this County, a Servant Man named John Fryer, formerly Servant to Col. French, deceas’d, a middle siz’d Man, well set, black complection, wears his own Hair which is strait and black, has a Scar under his Chin having once attempted to cut his Throat: His Cloaths are dark colour’d and made fashionable, with a great Coat of the same colour, and probably for want of Shoes wears his Boots. He was sold out of this Prison by the Sheriff on the 24th Instant, having been try’d for breaking open the Store of Mr. John Reed, out of which he stole sundry Goods. Whosoever secures him will do good Service to the Publick and shall have Forty Shillings Reward with reasonable Charges paid, by Abraham Gudding.

The Pennsylvania Gazette was one of the United States’ most prominent newspapers from 1728—before the time period of the American Revolution—until 1800. Published in Philadelphia from 1728 through 1800, The Pennsylvania Gazette is considered The New York Times of the 18th century.

John Forbes

His Majesty’s Desertions from Autumn 1758

The Pennsylvania Gazette was one of the United States’ most prominent newspapers from 1728—before the time period of the American Revolution–until 1800. Published in Philadelphia from 1728 through 1800, The Pennsylvania Gazette is considered The New York Times of the 18th century.

Recent Desertions

Deserted from his Majesty’s 17th Regiment of Foot, commanded by Brigadier General John Forbes, now quartered at Philadelphia,

  • October 30, 1758. Thomas Shortale, private Soldier in Lieut. Col. Arthur Morris’ Company, aged about 20 Years, 5 Feet 8 Inches high, fair Complexion, round smooth Face, light brown Hair, has a stoop in his Shoulders, born in Kilkeany, in Ireland, by Trade a Barber, went off in his Regimentals.
  • November 4. 1758. George Edwards, private Soldier in Lieut. Col. Arthur Morris’ Company, aged about 35 Years, 5 Feet 7 Inches high, swarthy Complexion, round Face, black Hair, very round Shoulder, Short necked, born at the Town of Stafford, in England, a labouring Man, went off in a blue Jacket, Regimental Breeches, and the Brim of his Hat cut very narrow.
  • November 6. 1758. Uriah Brooks; private Soldier in Captain John Vaughan’s Company, aged about 26 Years, 5 Feet 8 Inches high, fair Complexion, pitted with the Smallpox, dark brown Hair, short necked, born at Reading, in England, a labouring Man, went off with his Firelock, Steel mounted, and his Regimental Coat cut short in the Skirts, and the Brim of his Hat cut very narrow.

Whoever secures, any of the said Deserters, and can confines them in any of his Majesty Jails, and gives Notice thereof to the Commanding Officer of the said Regiment, at Philadelphia shall receive Twenty Shillings Sterling reward for return of them; and whoever shall be detected in harbouring or concealing any of the said Deserters, will be prosecuted according to Law.

Source

Collection: The Pennsylvania Gazette
Publication: The Pennsylvania Gazette
Date: November 9, 1758
Title: Deserted from his Majesty’s 17th Regiment of Foot…