taking-the-census

Summary of the 1840 Census in the Colored American

We have received from Washington an epitome of the census of the United States. For want of room, the insertion of the tables must be deferred – for the present we insert the following summary. Unwilling to make statements founded upon the incorrect returns of the marshals various calculations which have appeared in the newspapers from time to time, based upon them, have not been inserted. Having now the correct returns, in our future numbers, we shall proceed to make our own calculations from them so far as it respects the population – the returns of the products of the States not yet being completed.

EPITOME of the whole population of the States and Territories of the United States, exhibiting the general aggregate amount of such description of persons by classes:

Free White Persons

Male

Age People
Under 5 years of age 1,270,790
Of 5 and under 10 1,024,072
Of 10 and under 15 879,499
Of 15 and under 20 756,022
Of 20 and under 30 1,322,440
Of 30 and under 40 866,431
Of 40 and under 50 536,568
Of 50 and under 60 314,505
Of 60 and under 70 171,226
Of 70 and under 80 80,051
Of 80 and under 90 21,679
Of 90 and under 100 2,597
Of 100 and upwards 476
Total 7,249,266

Female

Age People
Under 5 years of age 1,203,349
Of 5 and under 10 986,921
Of 10 and under 15 836,588
Of 15 and under 20 792,168
Of 20 and under 30 1,253,395
Of 30 and under 40 779,097
Of 40 and under 50 502,143
Of 50 and under 60 304,810
Of 60 and under 70 173,299
Of 70 and under 80 80,562
Of 80 and under 90 23,964
Of 90 and under 100 3,231
Of 100 and upwards 315
Total 6,939,842

Total number of free white persons: 14,189,108

Free Colored Persons

Male

Age People
Under 10 years of age 56,323
Of 10 and under 24 52,799
Of 24 and under 36 35,308
Of 36 and under 55 28,258
Of 55 and under 100 13,493
Of 100 and upwards 286
Total 186,467

Female

Age People
Under 10 years of age 55,069
Of 10 and under 24 56,562
Of 24 and under 36 41,673
Of 36 and under 55 30,385
Of 55 and under 100 15,728
Of 100 and upwards 361
Total 199,778

Total number of free colored persons: 386,245

Slaves

Males

Age People
Under 10 years of age 422,539
Of 10 and under 24 391,131
Of 24 and under 36 235,373
Of 36 and under 55 145,264
Of 55 and under 100 51,288
Of 100 and upwards 753
Total 1,246,408

Females

Age People
Under 10 years of age 421,470
Of 10 and under 24 390,075
Of 24 and under 36 239,787
Of 36 and under 55 139,201
Of 55 and under 100 49,692
Of 100 and upwards 580
Total 1,240,805

Total number of slaves: 2,487,213

Total aggregate of all groups: 17,062,566

Other Statistics

Health

  • White persons who are deaf and dumb under 14 years of age: 1,919
  • White persons who are deaf and dumb, of 14 and under 25: 1,056
  • White persons who are deaf and dumb over 25: 2,707
  • White persons who are blind: 5,024
  • White persons who are insane and idiots at public charge: 10,179
  • Slaves and colored persons who are deaf and dumb: 977
  • Slaves and colored persons who are blind: 1,892
  • Slaves and colored persons who are insane and idiots at private charge: 2,093
  • Slaves and colored persons who are insane and idiots at public charge:  833

Employment

  • Persons employed in mining: 15,203
  • Persons employed in agriculture: 3,717,756
  • Persons employed in commerce: 115,575
  • Persons employed in manufactures and trades: 791,545
  • Persons employed in navigation of the ocean: 56,025
  • Persons employed in navigation of canals: lakes and rivers, 33,067
  • Persons employed in learned professions: 65,236

Education

  • Number of universities or colleges: 173
  • Students in universities or colleges: 16,233
  • Number of academies and grammar schools: 2,342
  • Students in academies and grammar schools: 164,159
  • Number of primary and common schools: 47,209
  • Number of scholars in common schools: 1,845,244
  • Number of scholars at public charge: 468,264
  • Number of white persons over 20 years of age who cannot read or write: 549,693

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s African American Newspapers Collection. This enormous collection of African American newspapers contains a wealth of information about cultural life and history during the 1800s and is rich with first-hand reports of the major events and issues of the day.

Source:  The Colored American, October 16, 1841
Top Image: Taking the Census by  Thomas Worth

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