Woman Past and Present (1880)

From National Citizen and Ballot Box for April 1880:

CARLOTTA GUILLARD, was the first French woman who followed printing for a business. She carried on this trade from 1506 to 1567, a period of sixty years and was famous for the beauty and correctness of her work.

LAKSHMI BAEI, the Rani, or Queen of Jhansi, headed her troops in person in the war with England. She dressed as a cavalry officer, and her wonderful generalship held the whole British army in check, until she was killed upon the field of battle.

MADAME DE MAINTENON was the secret wife of Louis XIV. This king was for more than half a century, the central figure in Europe, but after his marriage to Mme. de Maintenon, who was much his senior, he fell entirely under her influence, a power she retained until his death, some thirty years later. Though of good family, she was born in prison and cradled in poverty. Her face was beautiful, her form exquisite, her manners captivating, and her tact great. For many years she controlled the destinies of France, ruling Church and State and Society, selecting generals and ministers, laying plans for the cabinet, directing church action, repressing court licentiousness, ruling France “vigorously and with an iron hand.” She lived to be eighty-four, keeping her faculties to the last. Love of power was the mainspring of her action; for its sake she lived a lie to the world as mistress of the king instead of wife.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s Women’s Suffrage Collection. We can provide access to fully searchable newspapers by and for women including The Lily (1849-1856), National Citizen and Ballot Box (1878-1881), The Revolution (1868-1872), The New Citizen (1909-1912), The Western Woman Voter (1911-1913), The Woman’s Tribune (1883-1909) and the antisuffrage newspaper, The Remonstrance (1890-1913).

JULIETTE LAMBER, editor of the Nouvelle Revue, of Paris, the first number issued in October, 1878, one of the best known and most striking characters of modern Paris, has re-instituted the literary salon, a feature of Parisian life during the time of Madame de Stael. Her age is about fifty. A country girl, beautiful, audacious and eccentric, married at sixteen to a man much older than herself, she sought the excitements of Paris, where her literary abilities soon brought her the acquaintance of George Sand and Daniel Stern (Madame Dudevant and the Comtesse d’Agoult), her pen having defended these writers from the attack Proudhon had made on them in his “Justice dans la Révolution.” She was not long in conquering a position in society. One of her French contemporaries said of her salon, during the war, it “then became the radiant center of political activity, the effects of which were seen in the most important events of the decade. There was to be seen every man who counted in the destinies of the country; there governments and cabinets were made and destroyed; there the prettiest hand in the world distributed the parts and gave the signal of attack, without dispute, rivalry or effort. It was said that over her husband’s mind and thoughts this brilliant woman exercised absolute mastery. His will, leaving her all his large property, was disputed by his brothers. In course of this trial, where she came off conqueror, the brothers’ counsel said of her, “All the newspapers are filled with her; she is a veritable power in the State that cannot be left out of any calculation, and she is the Egeria of the republic.” The list of contributors to her magazine comprises the most famous authors of France.

Louise McLaughlin

MISS LOUISE MCLAUGHLIN, whose name is well known as the discoverer of a peculiar glaze for pottery, has recently, after five trials, succeeded in completing the largest vase ever modeled in this country. It is called the Ali Baba Vase, and measures thirty-seven inches in height and seventeen in diameter. In wet clay the vase measured forty-four inches in height and nineteen in diameter.

MISS HOWARD, a popular lady physician at Tientsen, China, is a Canadian girl, and received her education at the Michigan University. For successfully treating the wife of a prominent Chinese statesman, she has been sent to Pekin in a royal barge loaded with presents.

MISS M. PETURSSON, daughter of the Bishop of Reykjavik, Iceland, made an ascent of the volcano, Hecla, last summer, for the purpose of geological observations. She found the temperature of the sides of the larger craters had recently undergone a considerable increase, while heavy columns of white vapor of a strong sulphurous character, rose from every small crack and crevice, leading to the opinion that a great eruption was soon to take place.

MISS MARY TRAVIS a lady one hundred years of age was recently baptized in England, a fact without parallel in the history of that Church.

IRMA COMBRISSON was a famous dancer and beauty. For revealing to Charles III, Duke of Parma, a plot against his life, she was appointed by him Director of Police. She recently died in London, in extreme poverty.

MRS. JOSEPH E. COBB, wife of the city editor of the Indianapolis Journal, was among the exhibitors at the recent American Poultry Association exhibit in that city, carrying away the first premium on her rare and beautiful Polish fowls, the only ones of the kind in the West. Mrs. Cobb also displayed a dozen beautiful, light Brahmas, which, not being entered for competition, lost good chance of also taking a prize.

MADAME DE WITT, the accomplished daughter of Guizot, has for the past five years been engaged in the completion of her father’s History of France. She finished the fifth volume, which Guizot left incomplete, and has prepared the sixth, a huge octavo.

Harriet Brooks

Harriet Brooks

MRS. HARRIET S. BROOKS has been elected Secretary of the newly created Nebraska Academy of Science, of which Professor Aughery, who in Europe is recognized as Agassiz’s successor as a naturalist, is President. At the last meeting of the Academy Mrs. Brooks read a paper on “Evolution and Protoplasm,” which was characterized by President Aughery as a carefully prepared article. Mrs. Brooks is making her mark in various ways in her new Western home. Mrs. Brooks is Chairman of the Committee of Botany and Vegetable Physiology, in the new Academy. Her husband edits the Republican, the paper of largest circulation in Nebraska.

REBECCA W. BATES and Abigail Bates of Scituate, Massachusetts, when young women, did good service during the war of 1812. The country sixty-eight years afterwards, when they are about ready to drop into the grave, has wakened to an appreciation of this fact, and a proposition is now before Congress to place their names upon the pension roll at the rate of $25 a month, “for valuable and patriotic services during the war of 1812.”

DR. FRANCES EMILY WHITE, Professor of Physiology in the Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania, is a distinguished writer on scientific subjects, both in American and foreign journals. She was a student in the laboratory of Professor Huxley in the special branch of medical science which he teaches in England and she teaches here. Dr. White gave an able review on scientific grounds of the progress of medical science, in her Valedictory address, at the Woman’s College Commencement in March. Among the graduates upon this occasion, was Henrietta Payne Westbrook, former Secretary of the N. Y. State Woman Suffrage Association.

HARRIET EATON STANTON recently gave her brilliant lecture upon the great Irish orator, Burke, to a large and intelligent audience, in the Presbyterian Church at Omaha. Miss Stanton has a fine presence, is graceful and speaks in a somewhat colloquial way, in a sweet and musical voice. Miss Stanton is the daughter of Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and is said to combine in a marked degree, both in her manner and modes of thought, the distinguishing characteristics of her mother and her father.

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