Who Shall Teach

Who Should Teach our Children? (1856)

(From the Woman’s Department of Indiana Farmer) Much has been said and written upon the subject of schools, and the education of the young. At the present time it seems to occupy and interest deeply the public mind. To parents it is a subject of deep and abiding interest —for upon this rests the future happiness and well-being of their children as well as prosperity and success of our republican government.

It is in the common schools, these nurseries of leaning, the young and impressible mind receives its first impressions of book knowledge in many, indeed most cases. The inquisitive mind of childhood is continually seeking after knowledge—grasping after hidden stores—longing to fathom the mystery which, as yet, it cannot comprehend.

Then of what vast importance that kind, judicious teachers be selected, to unfold the hidden treasures of learning to eager impulsive childhood. Parents should acquaint themselves with the general character of those to whom they entrust the management and control of their children.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s Women’s Suffrage Collection. We can provide access to fully searchable newspapers by and for women including The Lily (1849-1856), National Citizen and Ballot Box (1878-1881), The Revolution (1868-1872), The New Citizen (1909-1912), The Western Woman Voter (1911-1913), and the antisuffrage newspaper, The Remonstrance (1890-1913).


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Inside the Archives

Inside the Archives – Spring 2019 – Volume VIII Number 1

Spring 2019
Volume VIII. Number 1.

Temperance and Its Impact on American Women’s History

During the 19th Century, the Temperance Movement evolved into the largest Women’s political movement in America. For many years, scholars have viewed the importance of the Temperance Movement on the politicization of women and its impact on the Women’s rights and suffrage movements. Accessible Archives recognizes this and helps to stimulate interest and research in our primary source databases by maintaining an extremely active blog presence on temperance and gender. We have asked our guest writer Jill O’Neil to select from our blog posts and craft a narrative around them. We’re sure you will find her coverage both inciteful and informative.
Jill O’Neill

Jill O’Neill

When Amelia Bloomer first launched her publication, The Lily, in 1849, the publication saw the Temperance Movement as significantly associated with the rights of women as was acquiring the vote. The damage wrought by alcohol abuse on the lives of women without the benefit of recourse from the courts drove parallel progressive movements.

Those reform movements of the 19th century reached milestones in the early 20th century with the successful passage of Prohibition legislation in 1919 and legislation ensuring universal suffrage in 1920. This article draws attention to this progressive, cultural movement as documented in primary source material hosted on Accessible Archives. Our thanks to Accessible Archives blogger, J.D. Thomas, for his contributions to this blog-a-thon.

This first item notes (albeit with some melodrama) the experience of one woman who had been consigned to the county asylum from despair over the brutality experienced at the hands of a drunkard and the loss of her recognized standing in the community. (more…)

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New Salaries for Chicago Teachers in 1912

(Chicago, February 1912) Chicago school teachers have just received a big increase in salary. More than half a million dollars is added to the budget for salaries alone. The increases vary from $100 to $500. In many cases an increase of from $50 to $100 a year will continue for eight or nine years, until the maximum is reached, but teachers who have been in the service the required number of years get the maximum at once.

The following account is given in the Chicago Tribune of Feb. 8:

The pay of 6,500 school teachers of Chicago was raised yesterday at the meeting of the board of education. An apportionment of $8,222,345 was made for the year, more than $600,000 above that of last year. Only kindergarten teachers, of whom there are about 250, were excepted from the salary increase.

The raising of the salaries yesterday came in the regular budget and was passed unanimously. The scales of increase vary for the different grades of teaching, ranging in increases of from $100 to $500. Most of the scales provide for a gradual increase to the maximum, raising the wages from $500 to $100 on the year from the minimum to the maximum, which is reached, in most cases, in four years. Some teachers, however, are to receive $100 increases of salary every year until the maximum is reached, at eight and nine years.

New Basis of Salaries.

Following is a list of the old and new salaries:

  • Teachers of drawing and singing, elementary schools; old maximum, $1,800; new maximum, reached in eight years, $2,200.
  • High school teachers; old maximum, $2,100; new maximum, tenth subsequent years, $2,600.
  • Teachers of physical education, music, art, and manual training in high schools; set at $1,400 first year, $2,200 in ninth and subsequent years.
  • Teachers in high schools holding limited certificates as instructors as teachers of French, German, commercial subjects, or household arts; salaries set at $1,350 first year, $1,700 in seventh and subsequent years.
  • Teachers of music in high schools; set at $1,400 first year, $1,900 in sixth and subsequent years.
  • Head assistants in elementary schools; old maximum, $1,300; new maximum, reached in fifth year, $1,500.
  • Upper grade teachers; present maximum, $1,125; new maximum, reached in fourth year, $1,225.
  • Elementary teachers of the primary grades; old maximum, $1,075; new maximum, reached in the fourth year, $1,175.
  • Teachers of grammar grades; present maximum, $1,100; new maximum, reached in fourth year, $1,200.
  • Teachers of the deaf and teachers in schools for crippled children; present maximum, $1,200; new maximum, reached in the fourth year, $1,300.

Source: The Western Woman Voter, February 1912

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Nicotine: The Heart Poison (1867)

The Christian Recorder embodied secular as well as religious material, and included good coverage of the black regiments together with the major incidents of the Civil War. The four-page weekly contained such departments as Religious Intelligence, Domestic News, General Items, Foreign News, Obituaries, Marriages, Notices and Advertisements. It also included the normal complement of prose and poetry found in the newspapers of the day.

The Last Cigar

(Philadelphia, December 14, 1867) One of the most eminent physicians of this city, and deservedly so, attributes the premature death of three of the most eminent divines of this country to the inveterate use of tobacco. The recent death of one of the great financial and political leaders in Paris has directed public attention to the subject. In reading the facts, let every man who smokes take notice.

M. Fould wrote to several people, inviting them to his estate, and giving some account of his late hunting experiences. The fable was set at six o’clock, but the dinner had scarcely begun when M. Fould was seized with a fit of shivering and complained of sudden pains in the arms and hands. At the entreaty of Madame Fould, he left the room, and went to bed, asking to be left alone saying that it was but a slight indisposition and he wanted to sleep. At half-past seven, Madame Fould went up to the room to see how he was, and receiving no reply to her question, thought he was in a deep sleep and withdrew. At nine o’clock she went again, and, receiving no answer from him, hastened to his bed, took his hand, and found he was dead. It is believed that he died immediately after he got into bed. The remains of M. Fould were interred in the Protestant cemetery, at Pero La Chaise, where the deceased had a family vault constructed.


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Accessible Archives Inc. Partners with Portico

Malvern, PA Accessible Archives Inc., an electronic publisher of full-text primary source historical databases, has partnered with Portico, the leading service in the digital preservation field — and announced its intent to fully support the digital preservation of all of their content.

Unlimited Priorities LLC, the exclusive sales, marketing, and technology agent for Accessible Archives has coordinated testing, managed contract negotiations and facilitated the delivery of content to Portico.

“With more and more content in a digital-only format, we have taken this step to ensure that Accessible Archives’ unparalleled collections will remain accessible to our customers regardless of any situation. In addition, the Portico relationship continues to highlight Accessible Archives’ ongoing commitment to serve the research community with the most up to date technology.” said Iris L. Hanney, President of Unlimited Priorities LLC.

“We’re so pleased to be working with Accessible Archives to preserve its important primary source collections,” commented Stephanie Orphan, Portico’s Director of Publisher Relations.  “Preservation in the Portico archive will ensure the long-term availability of these resources for the benefit of future scholars.” (more…)

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