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Who Shall Teach

Who Should Teach our Children? (1856)

(From the Woman’s Department of Indiana Farmer) Much has been said and written upon the subject of schools, and the education of the young. At the present time it seems to occupy and interest deeply the public mind. To parents it is a subject of deep and abiding interest —for upon this rests the future happiness and well-being of their children as well as prosperity and success of our republican government.

It is in the common schools, these nurseries of leaning, the young and impressible mind receives its first impressions of book knowledge in many, indeed most cases. The inquisitive mind of childhood is continually seeking after knowledge—grasping after hidden stores—longing to fathom the mystery which, as yet, it cannot comprehend.

Then of what vast importance that kind, judicious teachers be selected, to unfold the hidden treasures of learning to eager impulsive childhood. Parents should acquaint themselves with the general character of those to whom they entrust the management and control of their children.

This item, and others like it, can be found in Accessible Archive’s Women’s Suffrage Collection. We can provide access to fully searchable newspapers by and for women including The Lily (1849-1856), National Citizen and Ballot Box (1878-1881), The Revolution (1868-1872), The New Citizen (1909-1912), The Western Woman Voter (1911-1913), and the antisuffrage newspaper, The Remonstrance (1890-1913).

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New Salaries for Chicago Teachers in 1912

(Chicago, February 1912) Chicago school teachers have just received a big increase in salary. More than half a million dollars is added to the budget for salaries alone. The increases vary from $100 to $500. In many cases an increase of from $50 to $100 a year will continue for eight or nine years, until the maximum is reached, but teachers who have been in the service the required number of years get the maximum at once.

The following account is given in the Chicago Tribune of Feb. 8:

The pay of 6,500 school teachers of Chicago was raised yesterday at the meeting of the board of education. An apportionment of $8,222,345 was made for the year, more than $600,000 above that of last year. Only kindergarten teachers, of whom there are about 250, were excepted from the salary increase.

The raising of the salaries yesterday came in the regular budget and was passed unanimously. The scales of increase vary for the different grades of teaching, ranging in increases of from $100 to $500. Most of the scales provide for a gradual increase to the maximum, raising the wages from $500 to $100 on the year from the minimum to the maximum, which is reached, in most cases, in four years. Some teachers, however, are to receive $100 increases of salary every year until the maximum is reached, at eight and nine years.

New Basis of Salaries.

Following is a list of the old and new salaries:

  • Teachers of drawing and singing, elementary schools; old maximum, $1,800; new maximum, reached in eight years, $2,200.
  • High school teachers; old maximum, $2,100; new maximum, tenth subsequent years, $2,600.
  • Teachers of physical education, music, art, and manual training in high schools; set at $1,400 first year, $2,200 in ninth and subsequent years.
  • Teachers in high schools holding limited certificates as instructors as teachers of French, German, commercial subjects, or household arts; salaries set at $1,350 first year, $1,700 in seventh and subsequent years.
  • Teachers of music in high schools; set at $1,400 first year, $1,900 in sixth and subsequent years.
  • Head assistants in elementary schools; old maximum, $1,300; new maximum, reached in fifth year, $1,500.
  • Upper grade teachers; present maximum, $1,125; new maximum, reached in fourth year, $1,225.
  • Elementary teachers of the primary grades; old maximum, $1,075; new maximum, reached in the fourth year, $1,175.
  • Teachers of grammar grades; present maximum, $1,100; new maximum, reached in fourth year, $1,200.
  • Teachers of the deaf and teachers in schools for crippled children; present maximum, $1,200; new maximum, reached in the fourth year, $1,300.

Source: The Western Woman Voter, February 1912


LastCigar

Nicotine: The Heart Poison (1867)

The Christian Recorder embodied secular as well as religious material, and included good coverage of the black regiments together with the major incidents of the Civil War. The four-page weekly contained such departments as Religious Intelligence, Domestic News, General Items, Foreign News, Obituaries, Marriages, Notices and Advertisements. It also included the normal complement of prose and poetry found in the newspapers of the day.

The Last Cigar

(Philadelphia, December 14, 1867) One of the most eminent physicians of this city, and deservedly so, attributes the premature death of three of the most eminent divines of this country to the inveterate use of tobacco. The recent death of one of the great financial and political leaders in Paris has directed public attention to the subject. In reading the facts, let every man who smokes take notice.

M. Fould wrote to several people, inviting them to his estate, and giving some account of his late hunting experiences. The fable was set at six o’clock, but the dinner had scarcely begun when M. Fould was seized with a fit of shivering and complained of sudden pains in the arms and hands. At the entreaty of Madame Fould, he left the room, and went to bed, asking to be left alone saying that it was but a slight indisposition and he wanted to sleep. At half-past seven, Madame Fould went up to the room to see how he was, and receiving no reply to her question, thought he was in a deep sleep and withdrew. At nine o’clock she went again, and, receiving no answer from him, hastened to his bed, took his hand, and found he was dead. It is believed that he died immediately after he got into bed. The remains of M. Fould were interred in the Protestant cemetery, at Pero La Chaise, where the deceased had a family vault constructed.

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Feb. 27, 1864: Union Prisoners arrive at Andersonville

The first Union prisoners arrived at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia on February 27, 1864.

The Liberator carried a story about the POWs at Andersonville on September 9, 1864:

TREATMENT OF PRISONERS

Four representatives of the Union soldiers, now prisoners of war to the rebels and concentrated at Anderson, Georgia, have just proceeded to Washington, to state their condition to the Government, and see if some measures cannot be instituted for their speedy exchange. If their memorial, our soldiers state that

“Col. Hill, Provost Marshal General, Confederate States Army, at Atlanta, stated to one of the undersigned that there were thirty-five thousand prisoners at Andersonville, and by all accounts from the United States soldiers who have been confined there, the number is not overstated by him. These thirty-five thousand are confined in a field of some thirty acres, enclosed by a board fence, heavily guarded. About one-third have various kinds of indifferent shelter; but upwards of thirty thousand are wholly without shelter, or even shade, of any kind, and are exposed to the storms and rains which are of almost daily occurrence; the cold dews of the night, and the more terrible effects of the sun, striking with almost tropical fierceness upon their unprotected heads. This mass of men jostle and crowd each other up and down the limits of their enclosure, is storm or sun, and others lie down upon the pitiless earth at night, with no other covering than the clothing upon their backs, few of them having even a blanket.

William Lloyd Garrison’s The Liberator was a weekly abolitionist newspaper published in Boston. The paper held true to the founder’s ideals. Garrison was a journalistic crusader who advocated the immediate emancipation of all slaves and gained a national reputation for being one of the most radical of American abolitionists.
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SlaverysFuneralMarch

The Liberator & Slavery’s Funeral March (1865)

The Liberator was a weekly newspaper published by William Lloyd Garrison in Boston, Massachusetts. William Lloyd Garrison was born in Newburyport, Massachusetts in December, 1805. At thirteen years of age he began his newspaper career with the Newburyport Herald, where he acquired great skills in both accuracy and speed in the art of setting type. He also wrote anonymous articles, and at the age of twenty-one began publishing his own newspaper.

After the end of the Civil War in December, 1865, Garrison published his last issue of The Liberator, announcing “my vocation as an abolitionist is ended.” After thirty-five years and 1,820 issues, Garrison had not failed to publish a single issue. He spent the final 14 years of his life campaigning for woman’s suffrage, pacifism and temperance. He died in New York City on May 24, 1879.

This poem appeared in the final issue.

Slavery’s Funeral March

By J.C. Wagan

Mark! the mournful bells are tolling
Funeral dirges for the dead!
Hark! the muffled drums are rolling!
Mark the mourners’ measured tread!

Serfs, whose bonds now rent asunder,
Once believed he could not die,
Now behold, with awe and wonder,
Slavery’s funeral marching by!

All earth’s tribes are mutely gazing
On the pageant stern and dread,
Or to Heaven their thanks are raising
That man’s deadliest foe is dead. (more…)


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