Alabama County Histories

Alabama was admitted to the Union in 1819 as the 22nd state. Part of the frontier in the 1820s and 1830s, its constitution provided for universal suffrage for white men. Settlers rapidly arrived to take advantage of the fertile soil. Southeastern planters and traders from the Upper South brought slaves with them as the cotton plantations expanded.

Flag of AlabamaThe economy of the central “Black Belt” (named for its dark, productive soil) was built around large cotton plantations whose owners’ wealth grew largely from slave labor. The area also drew many poor, disfranchised people who became subsistence farmers. The 1860 census records show that enslaved Africans comprised 45% of the state’s total population of 964,201. There were only 2,690 free persons of color living in Alabama at the time.

From 1826 to 1846, Tuscaloosa served as the capital of Alabama. On January 30, 1846, the Alabama legislature announced that it had voted to remove the capital city from Tuscaloosa to Montgomery. The first legislative session in the new capital met in December 1847.

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  1. REV. T. H. BALL, A.M, A GLANCE INTO THE GREAT SOUTH-EAST, OR, CLARKE COUNTY, ALABAMA, AND ITS SURROUNDINGS, FROM 1540 TO 1877. , 1882
  2. W. BREWER, ALABAMA: HER HISTORY, RESOURCES, WAR RECORD, AND PUBLIC MEN. FROM 1540 TO 1872. , BARRETT BROWN, STEAM PRINTERS AND BOOK BINDERS, 1872
  3. Walter L Fleming, CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION IN ALABAMA. , Columbia University Press, 1905
  4. PETER J. HAMILTON, A. M. LATE FELLOW OF PRINCETON; AUTHOR OF RAMBLES IN HISTORIC LANDS, COLONIZATION OF THE SOUTH, THE RECONSTRUCTION ERA, ETC, COLONIAL MOBILE. , HOUGHTON MIFFLIN COMPANY The Riderside Press, Cambridge, 1910
  5. PETER JOSEPH HAMILTON, COLONIAL MOBILE: AN HISTORICAL STUDY, LARGELY FROM ORIGINAL SOURCES, OF THE ALABAMA-TOMBIGBEE BASIN FROM THE DISCOVERY OF MOBILE BAY IN 1519 UNTIL THE DEMOLITION OF FORT CHARLOTTE IN 1821. , Houghton Mifflin and Co, 1897
  6. COL. JAMES EDMONDS SAUNDERS, LAWRENCE COUNTY, ALA, EARLY SETTLERS OF ALABAMA.
  7. Edward Chambers Betts, HISTORIC HUNTSVILLE FROM EARLY HISTORY OF HUNTSVILLE, ALABAMA 1804 TO 1870. , SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1909
  8. THOMAS McADORY OWEN, LL.D, HISTORY OF ALABAMA AND DICTIONARY OF ALABAMA BIOGRAPHY – VOLUME IV. , THE S. J. CLARKE PUBLISHING COMPANY, 1921
  9. THOMAS McADORY OWEN, LL.D, HISTORY OF ALABAMA AND DICTIONARY OF ALABAMA BIOGRAPHY. , THE S. J. CLARKE PUBLISHING COMPANY, 1921
  10. Albert James Pickett, HISTORY OF ALABAMA: AND INCIDENTALLY OF GEORGIA AND MISSISSIPPI, FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD – VOL. 1. , Walker & James, 1851
  11. JOHN SIMPSON GRAHAM, HISTORY OF CLARKE COUNTY. , Press of BIRMINGHAM PRINTING COMPANY, 1923
  12. REV. B. F. RILEY, Pastor of the Opelika Baptist Church, HISTORY OF CONECUH COUNTY, ALABAMA. , Thos. Gilbert, Steam Printer and Book-Binder, 1881
  13. NELSON F. SMITH, HISTORY OF PICKENS COUNTY, ALA., FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT IN EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND SEVENTEEN, TO EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-SIX. , Southern Historical Press, Inc, 1856
  14. JEFFERSON COUNTY AND BIRMINGHAM ALABAMA – HISTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL. , Teeple amp; Smith, Publishers, 1887
  15. MEMORIAL RECORD OF ALABAMA – VOLUME I. , BRANT amp; FULLER, 1893
  16. MEMORIAL RECORD OF ALABAMA – VOLUME II. , BRANT amp; FULLER, 1893
  17. Peter J. Hamilton, MOBILE OF THE FIVE FLAGS: THE STORY OF THE RIVER BASIN AND COAST ABOUT MOBILE FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO THE PRESENT. , The Gill Printing Company, 1913
  18. NORTHERN ALABAMA HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL. , SMITH & DE LAND, 1888
  19. W. G. Robertson, RECOLLECTIONS OF THE EARLY SETTLERS OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY AND THEIR FAMILIES. , Excelsior Printing Co, 1892
  20. Mrs. C. P. McGuire, Sr, RECORDS OF PICKENS COUNTY, ALABAMA – VOLUME I. , WILLO PUBLISHING COMPANY, 1900
  21. THOMAS M. OWEN, REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS IN ALABAMA.
  22. Peter J. Hamilton, THE FOUNDING OF MOBILE: 1702-1718 STUDIES IN THE HISTORY OF THE FIRST CAPITAL OF THE PROVINCE OF LOUISIANA, WITH MAP SHOWING ITS RELATION TO THE PRESENT CITY. , Commercial Print. Co, 1911
  23. JOHN BUCKNER LITTLE, B. A., ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF CHEMISTRY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA, AT TUSCALOOSA, THE HISTORY OF BUTLER COUNTY, ALABAMA, FROM 1815 TO 1885. , Elm St. Printing Co, Nos 176 amp; 178 Elm St, 1885

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