Arizona County Histories

The history of Arizona, as recorded by Europeans, began in 1539 with the exploration of the area by Marcos de Niza. Arizona became part of the Mexican state of Sonora in 1822.

Flag of ArizonaIn 1848, the United States took possession of the section of Arizona above the Gila River after the Mexican-American War and made it part of the Territory of New Mexico. With the Gadsden Purchase in 1853 the United States obtained the northern part of the state of Sonora, what is now Arizona south of the Gila River.

A decade later, in 1863, Arizona was split off from the Territory of New Mexico to form the Arizona Territory.

Arizona became the 48th state US state on February 14, 1912. It was the last of the contiguous states to be admitted.

Territory of Arizona in 1887

Territory of Arizona in 1887

The state of Arizona was home to the final engagement in the American Indian Wars which lasted from 1775 to 1918.

The participants in the fight were US soldiers stationed on the border and Yaqui Indians who were using Arizona as a base to raid the nearby Mexican settlements, as part of their wars against Mexico.

The general belief is that the name of the state comes from an earlier Spanish name, Arizonac, derived from the O’odham name alĭ ṣonak, meaning small spring, which initially applied only to an area near the Mexican silver mining camp of Planchas de Plata in Sonora. This is supported by the fact that that area is still known as alĭ ṣonak in the O’odham language.

Another possible origin is the Basque phrase haritz ona that means the good oak.

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Collection Details

  1. J. ROSS BROWNE, ADVENTURES IN THE APACHE COUNTRY: A TOUR THROUGH ARIZONA AND SONORA, WITH NOTES ON THE SILVER REGIONS OF NEVADA. , HARPER & BROTHERS, 1869
  2. HIRAM C. HODGE, ARIZONA AS IT IS; OR, THE COMING COUNTRY. , H. O. HOUGHTON AND COMPANY, 1877
  3. BASIL DILLON WOON, ARIZONA’S YESTERDAY BEING THE NARRATIVE OF JOHN H. CADY PIONEER. , 1915
  4. THOMAS EDWIN FARISH, HISTORY OF ARIZONA – VOLUME I. , THE FILMER BROTHERS ELECTROTYPE COMPANY, 1915
  5. THOMAS EDWIN FARISH, HISTORY OF ARIZONA – VOLUME II. , THE FILMER BROTHERS ELECTROTYPE COMPANY, 1915
  6. THOMAS EDWIN FARISH, HISTORY OF ARIZONA – VOLUME 3. , THE FILMER BROTHERS ELECTROTYPE COMPANY, 1915
  7. THOMAS EDWIN FARISH, HISTORY OF ARIZONA – VOLUME 4. , THE FILMER BROTHERS ELECTROTYPE COMPANY, 1915
  8. THOMAS EDWIN FARISH, HISTORY OF ARIZONA – VOLUME V. , THE FILMER BROTHERS ELECTROTYPE COMPANY, 1918
  9. THOMAS EDWIN FARISH, HISTORY OF ARIZONA – VOLUME VI. , THE FILMER BROTHERS ELECTROTYPE COMPANY, 1918
  10. THOMAS EDWIN FARISH, HISTORY OF ARIZONA – VOLUME VII. , THE FILMER BROTHERS ELECTROTYPE COMPANY, 1918
  11. THOMAS EDWIN FARISH, HISTORY OF ARIZONA – VOLUME VIII. , THE FILMER BROTHERS ELECTROTYPE COMPANY, 1918
  12. HISTORY OF ARIZONA TERRITORY SHOWING ITS RESOURCES AND ADVANTAGES; WITH ILLUSTRATIONS DESCRIPTIVE OF ITS SCENERY, RESIDENCES, FARMS, MINES, MILLS, HOTELS, BUSINESS HOUSES, SCHOOLS, CHURCHES, &C. FROM ORIGINAL DRAWINGS. , WALLACE W. ELLIOTT CO., PUBLISHERS, 1884
  13. JAMES H MCCLINTOCK, MORMON SETTLEMENT IN ARIZONA: A RECORD OF PEACEFUL CONQUEST OF THE DESERT. 1921
  14. PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD OF ARIZONA. , CHAPMAN PUBLISHING CO, 1901
  15. J. WALTER FEWKES, PRELIMINARY ACCOUNT OF AN EXPEDITION TO THE CLIFF VILLAGES OF THE RED ROCK COUNTRY, AND THE TUSAYAN RUINS OF SIKYATKI AND AWATOBI ARIZONA, IN 1895.
  16. RICHARD J. HINTON, THE HAND BOOK TO ARIZONA: ITS RESOURCES, HISTORY, TOWNS, MINES, RUINS AND SCENERY. , PAYOT, UPHAM CO., AMERICAN NEWS CO, 1878
  17. S. W. COZZENS, THE MARVELLOUS COUNTRY; OR, THREE YEARS IN ARIZONA AND NEW MEXICO. – SECOND EDITION. , SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON, LOW, AND SEARLE, CROWN BUILDINGS, 188, FLEET STREET, 1875
  18. WILL H. ROBINSON AUTHOR OF THE MAN FROM YESTERDAY, THE GOLDEN PALACE OF NEVERLAND, THE KNOTTED CORD, ETC, THE STORY OF ARIZONA. , THE BERRYHILL COMPANY ALL RIGHTS RESERVED HAMMOND PRESS. CONKEY COMPANY
  19. MARTHA SUMMERHAYES, VANISHED ARIZONA: RECOLLECTIONS OF MY ARMY LIFE. , FEATHER TRAIL PRESS, 1911
  20. WHEN THE WEST WAS YOUNG. ,
  21. JO CONNERS, WHO’S WHO IN ARIZONA – VOLUME I. , PRESS OF THE ARIZONA DAILY STAR, 1913


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