Connecticut County Histories

Connecticut is in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, and the state of New York to the west and the south. Connecticut is named for the Connecticut River, the major U.S. river that approximately bisects the state.

Called the Constitution State, Nutmeg State, and “The Land of Steady Habits”, Connecticut was influential in the development of the federal government of the United States.

Flag of ConnecticutConnecticut’s first European settlers were Dutch and established a small, short-lived settlement in present-day Hartford at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut rivers, called Huys de Goede Hoop. Initially, half of Connecticut was a part of the Dutch colony, New Netherland, which included much of the land between the Connecticut and Delaware rivers.

The first major settlements were established in the 1630s by the English. Thomas Hooker led a band of followers overland from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded what would become the Connecticut Colony; other settlers from Massachusetts founded the Saybrook Colony and the New Haven Colony. Both the Connecticut and New Haven Colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in North America. In 1662, the three colonies were merged under a royal charter, making Connecticut a crown colony. This colony was one of the Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution.

Of its current eight counties four—Fairfield, Hartford, New Haven and New London—were created in 1666, two—Litchfield and Windham—were created during colonial times, and two—Middlesex and Tolland— were created after American independence, both in 1785. Six of the counties are named for locations in England, where many early Connecticut settlers originated.

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Connecticut Titles in New England States Part 1

  1. D. HAMILTON HURD, HISTORY OF FAIRFIELD COUNTY, CONNECTICUT, WITH ILLUSTRATIONS AND BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. , J. W. LEWIS & CO, 1881
  2. HISTORY OF LITCHFIELD COUNTY, CONNECTICUT, WITH ILLUSTRATIONS AND BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF ITS PROMINENT MEN AND PIONEERS. , J. W. LEWIS & CO, 1881
  3. HISTORY OF MIDDLESEX COUNTY, CONNECTICUT, WITH BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF ITS PROMINENT MEN. , J. B. BEERS & CO., 36 VESEY STREET, 1884
  4. D. HAMILTON HURD, HISTORY OF NEW LONDON COUNTY, CONNECTICUT, WITH BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF MANY OF ITS PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN. , J. W. LEWIS & CO, 1882
  5. AN ASSOCIATION OF WRITERS, HISTORY OF THE CITY OF NEW HAVEN TO THE PRESENT TIME. , W. W. MUNSELL & CO, 1887
  6. RICHARD M. BAYLES, HISTORY OF WINDHAM COUNTY, CONNECTICUT. , W. W. PRESTON & CO, 1889
  7. J. HAMMOND TRUMBULL LL.D. President of the Connecticut Historical Society, THE MEMORIAL HISTORY OF HARTFORD COUNTY CONNECTICUT 1633-1884 VOL. I. , EDWARD L. OSGOOD PUBLISHER, 1886
  8. J. HAMMOND TRUMBULL LL.D. PRESIDENT OF THE CONNECTICUT HISTORICAL SOCIETY, THE MEMORIAL HISTORY OF HARTFORD COUNTY CONNECTICUT 1633-1884 VOL. II. , EDWARD L. OSGOOD PUBLISHER, 1886

Connecticut Titles in New England States Part 2

  1. PAYNE K. KILBOURNE, A BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY OF THE COUNTY OF LITCHFIELD, CONNECTICUT: COMPRISING BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF DISTINGUISHED NATIVES AND RESIDENTS OF THE COUNTY; TOGETHER WITH COMPLETE LISTS OF THE JUDGES OF THE COUNTY COURT, JUSTICES OF THE QUORUM, COUNTY COMMISSIONERS, JUDGES OF PROBATE, SHERIFFS, SENATORS &C. FROM THE ORGANIZATION OF THE COUNTY TO THE PRESENT TIME, CLARK, AUSTIN & CO, 1851
  2. NOAH PORTER, A HISTORICAL DISCOURSE, DELIVERED BY REQUEST BEFORE THE CITIZENS OF FARMINGTON, NOVEMBER 4, 1840, IN COMMEMORATION OF THE ORIGINAL SETTLEMENT OF THE ANCIENT TOWN, IN 1610, L. SKINNER, PRINTER, 1841
  3. SAMUEL ORCUTT, A HISTORY OF THE OLD TOWN OF STRATFORD AND THE CITY OF BRIDGEPORT, CONNECTICUT, PRESS OF TUTTLE, MOREHOUSE & TAYLOR, 1886
  4. CHARLES F. SEDGWICK, A HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF SHARON, LITCHFIELD COUNTY, CONNECTICUT, CASE, TIFFANY & CO., 1849
  5. EVERETT G. HILL, A MODERN HISTORY OF NEW HAVEN AND EASTERN NEW HAVEN COUNTY, S.J. CLARKE PUB. CO. , 1918
  6. BENJAMIN T. MARSHALL, A MODERN HISTORY OF NEW LONDON COUNTY, CONNECTICUT, LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY, 1922
  7. DAVID D. FIELD, A STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF THE COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX IN CONNECTICUT, CLARK & LYMAN, 1819
  8. BRISTOL, CONNECTICUT (“IN THE OLDEN TIME NEW CAMBRIDGE”) WHICH INCLUDES FORESTVILLE, EDDY M. SMITH, 1907
  9. COMMEMORATIVE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD OF TOLLAND AND WINDHAM COUNTIES, CONNECTICUT: CONTAINING BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF PROMINENT AND REPRESENTATIVE CITIZENS AND OF MANY OF THE EARLY SETTLED FAMILIES, J.H. BEERS & CO, 1903
  10. SARAH D. WOODWARD, EARLY NEW HAVEN. NEW HAVEN, CT, THE PRICE, LEE & ADKINS CO., 1912
  11. AUTHOR NOT IDENTIFIED., GENEALOGICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD OF NEW LONDON, CONNECTICUT (3 VOLUMES), J.H. BEERS & CO., 1905
  12. ALONZA B. CHAPIN, GLASTENBURY FOR TWO HUNDRED YEARS: A CENTENNIAL DISCOURSE, PRESS OF CASE, TIFFANY, AND COMPANY, 1853
  13. ELLEN D. LARNED, HISTORIC GLEANINGS IN WINDHAM COUNTY, CONNECTICUT, PRESTON AND ROUNDS COMPANY, 1890
  14. GEORGE S. ROBERTS, HISTORIC TOWNS OF THE CONNECTICUT RIVER VALLEY, ROBSON & ADEE, 1906
  15. JOHN W. ALVORD, HISTORICAL ADDRESS: DELIVERED IN THE FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH IN STAMFORD, CONNECTICUT, AT THE CELEBRATION OF THE SECOND CENTENNIAL ANNIVERSARY OF THE FIRST SETTLEMENT OF THE TOWN, S. DAVENPORT, 1842
  16. HIRAM P. ARMS, HISTORICAL NOTES OF CONGREGATIONAL CHURCHES IN NEW LONDON COUNTY, CONNECTICUT FROM 1836 TO 1869, WILCOX & DAVIS, 1869
  17. CURTIS C. BUSHNELL, HISTORICAL SKETCH OF OLD FAIR HAVEN, PRESS OF J.T. HATHAWAY, 1916
  18. G.W. PERKINS, HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF MERIDEN, FRANKLIN E. HINMAN, 1849
  19. WILLIAM COTHREN, HISTORY OF ANCIENT WOODBURY CONNECTICUT, FROM THE FIRST INDIAN DEED IN 1659…INCLUDING THE PRESENT TOWNS OF WASHINGTON, SOUTHBURY, BETHELEM, ROXBURY, AND A PART OF OXFORD AND MIDDLEBURY, BRONSON BROTHERS, 1854-1879, 1879
  20. JOSEPH P. BEACH, HISTORY OF CHESHIRE, CONNECTICUT, FROM 1694 TO 1840, INCLUDING PROSPECT, WHICH, AS COLUMBIA PARISH, WAS A PART OF CHESHIRE UNTIL 1829, LADY FENWICK CHAPTER, DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, 1912
  21. HENRY A. BAKER, HISTORY OF MONTVILLE CONNECTICUT, FORMERLY THE NORTH PARISH OF NEW LONDON FROM 1640 TO 1896, CASE, LOCKWOOD & BRAINARD COMPANY, 1896
  22. DAVID N. CAMP, HISTORY OF NEW BRITAIN, WITH SKETCHES OF FARMINGTON AND BERLIN, CONNECTICUT, WILLIAM B. THOMSON & CO., 1889
  23. FRANCIS M. CAULKINS, HISTORY OF NORWICH, CONNECTICUT: FROM ITS POSSESSION BY THE INDIANS, TO THE YEAR 1866, FRANCIS M. CAULKINS, 1866
  24. DANIEL W. TELLER, HISTORY OF RIDGEFIELD, CONNECTICUT FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT TO THE PRESENT TIME, T. DONOVAN, 1878
  25. WILLLIAM C. SHARPE, HISTORY OF SEYMOUR, CONNECTICUT, WITH BIOGRAPHIES AND GENEALOGIES, RECORD PRINT, 1879, 1879
  26. SAMUEL ORCUTT, HISTORY OF TORRINGTON, CONNECTICUT, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT IN 1737, WITH BIOGRAPHIES AND GENEALOGIES, J. MUNSELL, PRINTER, 1878
  27. NEWELL M. CALHOUN, LITCHFIELD COUNTY SKETCHES, LITCHFIELD COUNTY UNIVERSITY CLUB, 1906
  28. FRANKLIN B. DEXTER, NEW HAVEN IN 1784, 1885
  29. FREDERICK A. HUBBARD, OTHER DAYS IN GREENWICH, CONNECTICUT; OR, TALES AND REMINISCENCES OF AN OLD NEW ENGLAND TOWN, J.F. TAPLEY COMPANY, 1913
  30. SAMUEL G. GOODRICH, RECOLLECTIONS OF A LIFETIME, OR, MEN AND THINGS I HAVE SEEN : IN A SERIES OF FAMILIAR LETTERS TO A FRIEND, HISTORICAL, BIOGRAPHICAL, ANECDOTAL AND DESCRIPTIVE, MILLER, ORTON AND MULLIGAN, 1856
  31. SHERMAN W. ADAMS, THE HISTORY OF ANCIENT WETHERSFIELD, CONNECTICUT, COMPRISING THE PRESENT TOWNS OF WETHERSFIELD, ROCKY HILL, AND NEWINGTON: AND OF GLASTONBURY PRIOR TO ITS INCORPORATION IN 1692, FROM THE DATE OF ITS EARLIEST SETTLEMENT UNTIL THE PRESENT TIME, GRAFTON PRESS, 1904
  32. R.D. SMITH, THE HISTORY OF GUILFORD, CONNECTICUT, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT IN 1639; FROM THE MANUSCRIPTS OF HON. RALPH D. SMITH, J. MUNSELL, PRINTER, 1877
  33. CHARLES B. TODD, THE HISTORY OF REDDING, CONNECTICUT, THE GRAFTON PRESS, 1906
  34. ALAIN C. WHITE, THE HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF LITCHFIELD, CONNECTICUT, 1720-1920, EUQUIRER PRINT, 1920
  35. GEORGE C. BOSWELL, THE LITCHFIELD BOOK OF DAYS: A COLLECTION OF THE HISTORICAL, BIOGRAPHICAL, AND LITERARY REMINISCENSES OF THE TOWN OF LITCHFIELD, CONNECTICUT, ALEX B. SHUMWAY, 1899
  36. JOHN W. STEDMAN, THE NORWICH JUBILEE (200TH ANNIVERSARY), JOHN W. STEDMAN, 1859
  37. JULIA M. STRONG, THE TOWN AND PEOPLE: A CHRONOLOGICAL COMPILATION OF CONTRIBUTED WRITINGS FROM PRESENT AND PAST RESIDENTS OF THE TOWN OF WOODBURY CONNECTICUT, THE WATERBURY BLANK BOOK MFG., CO, 1901

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