White Paper: The Active Role of Women in the Temperance Movement

White Paper: The Active Role of Women in the Temperance Movement

During the 19th Century, the Temperance Movement evolved into the largest Women’s political movement in America.  For many years, scholars have  viewed the importance of the Temperance Movement on the politicization of women and its impact on the Women’s rights and suffrage movements. Those reform movements of the 19th century reached milestones in the early 20th century with the successful passage of Prohibition legislation in 1919 and legislation ensuring universal suffrage in 1920.

This new White Paper entitled Alcohol for Pickles: The Active Role of Women in the Temperance Movement draws attention to the importance of the Temperance Movement as documented in primary source material hosted on Accessible Archives.

Download Now

Collections Used in Preparing This White Paper

Accessible Archives provides diverse primary source materials reflecting broad views across American history and culture have been assembled into comprehensive databases. The following collections were utilized in composing this white paper.

African American Newspapers:
This collection of African American newspapers contains a wealth of information about cultural life and history during the 19th and early 20th century and is rich with first-hand reports of the major events and issues of the day. The collection also provides a great number of early biographies, vital statistics, essays and editorials, poetry and prose, and advertisements all of which embody the African-American experience. These newspapers are included: The Christian Recorder, Weekly Advocate/The Colored American, Frederick Douglass’ Paper, Freedom’s Journal, The National Era, The North Star, Provincial Freeman, The Freedmen’s Record, and The Negro Business League Herald.

American County Histories:
American County Histories provide vivid portraits of people, places and events, putting a state’s local history into current context with the examination of demographic, social, economic, and cultural transformations. With over a million pages, this collection is the largest, most comprehensive collection of histories from all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The collection is available by region and individual state.

Godey’s Lady’s Book:
The magazine was intended to entertain, inform and educate the women of America. In addition to extensive fashion descriptions and plates, the early issues included biographical sketches, articles about mineralogy, handcrafts, female costume, the dance, equestrienne procedures, health and hygiene, recipes and remedies and the like. Gradually the periodical matured into an important literary magazine. Godey’s Lady’s Book also was a vast reservoir of handsome illustrations which included hand-colored fashion plates, mezzotints, engravings, woodcuts and, ultimately, chromolithographs – the Accessible Archives collection is the only one with the full color images.

History of Woman Suffrage:
A compilation of first-person accounts, History of Woman Suffrage has been described as “the fundamental primary source for the women’s suffrage campaign” and “the major, if not the definitive, collection of primary source materials on the nineteenth-century movement.” Edited by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony and Matilda Joslyn Gage, this history of the women’s suffrage movement, primarily in the United States, is a major source for primary documentation about the women’s suffrage movement from its beginnings through the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which enfranchised women in the U.S. in 1920.

Women’s Suffrage Collection:
The 19th Century women’s rights movement built upon the principles and experiences of other efforts to promote social justice and to improve the human condition particularly the Abolitionist Movement. After the Civil War, many abolitionist activists joined the Temperance and Women’s Suffrage movements. This collection covers much of the eighty years from the Seneca Conference to the ratification of the 19th Amendment. It includes newspapers that had some overlap between the temperance and women’s rights movements, as well as an anti-suffrage paper — The Lily, 1849-1856; National Citizen and Ballot Box, 1878-1881; The Revolution, 1868- 1872; The New Citizen, 1909-1912; The Western Woman Voter, 1911-1913; and, The Remonstrance, 1890-1913.

About the Author

Jill O’Neill is the Director of Content for the National Information Standards Organization (NISO). She has been an active member of the information community for thirty years, most recently managing the professional development programs for National Federation of Advanced Information Services (NFAIS ) before joining NISO in 2015. Her publishing expertise was gained working for such prominent content providers as Elsevier, Thomson Scientific (now ThomsonReuters), and John Wiley & Sons. Jill continues to write for a diverse set of publications, including Information Today and the Scholarly Kitchen blog.

Positive SSL