The National Standard

The National Standard: A Women’s Suffrage and Temperance Journal exploded onto the popular stage in 1870, supporting two of the major social movements in the late 19th Century – the Women’s Suffrage Movement and the Temperance Movement.  This publication provided an outlet and forum for women’s viewpoints on social and political reform, literary culture, and highlighted efforts to ban the scourge of alcohol.

The National StandardThe National Standard: A Women’s Suffrage and Temperance Journal evolved from three publishing efforts by Aaron M.  Powell and Lydia M. Child, publishers and chief editors. Initially started as a periodical, it changed to a newspaper format in an effort to provide timely information and broaden appeal to the general public.

The first of these three began in May 1870 and was titled The Standard: A Journal of Reform and Literature. It was published as a monthly periodical until July 1870.  From its lead article in the first edition on Native Americans by Lydia M. Child, famous abolitionist and women’s rights activist, the new publication set out to rally it readers to the cause of women’s rights and social reform.

With the last issue of The Standard published in July 1870, the publication turned to a newspaper format which included a name change. This was brought about by the publication’s evolving focus primarily on women’s political rights and suffrage, and social and economic reforms.

Beginning with the first edition, printed on July 30, 1870, The Standard became The National Standard: An Independent Reform and Literary Journal.  This new publication ran from July 30, 1870, to December 23, 1871.

The final editorial focus and name change came in January 1872, when chief editor Aaron M. Powell, and contributors such as Wendell Phillips expanded the focus of The National Standard  to support the burgeoning temperance movement and the drive towards women’s suffrage. The National Standard: A Temperance and Literary Journal ran from January to December in 1872, with a motto highlighting its final focus —  “An Independent, Reform and Literary Journal — Justice and Equal Rights for All.”

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